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Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 354-356 SHORT-COMMUNICATION September 2015 First documented record of the Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina a Bonaparte, 1855, in Brazil, an overlooked specimen from the Klages expedition to Amazonia 1,2,6 3 5 Guy M. Kirwan , José Fernando Pacheco and Alexander C. Lees Research Associate, Field Museum of Natural History, 1400 South Lakeshore Drive, Chicago, IL 60605, USA. Setor de Ornitologia, Museu Nacional / UFRJ, Horto Botânico, Quinta da Boa Vista s/n, Departamento de Vertebrados, São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos, Rua Bambina 50, apto. 104, 22251-050, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos and Coordenação de Zoologia, Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi, C.P. 399, CEP 66040-170, Belém, PA, Brazil. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Cornell University, 159 Sapsucker Woods Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA. Corresponding author: GMKirwan@aol.com Received on 3 July 2015. Accepted on 6 July 2015 ABSTRACT: We report the long overlooked first record of Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina a in Brazil, a male specimen collected at São Paulo de Olivença, Amazonas state, in March 1923, by Samuel M. Klages. This is the first and only documented record for the country, pre-dating a sight record from Benjamin Constant, in extreme western Brazil, in April 1966. KE E EY Y Y-WORDS: Columbidae, Geotrygon saphirina, Samuel Klages. Between the publication of Peters (1937) and the mid- 1926), as well as west into westernmost Brazil (Gibbs et 1990s, the Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina alll. 2001). Nevertheless, the presence of G. saphirina a in Bonaparte, 1855, and the Indigo-crowned (Purple) the last-named country has hitherto uniquely rested on Quail-Dove G. purpurata a (Salvin, 1878) were generally an undocumented claim by Willis (1987), who reported retained as a single species (e.g. Baptista et alll. 1997), observing a single individual on the forest fl oor, attracted but since the early 2000s their allopatric distributions, by an imitation of its voice, in the environs of Benjamin diff erent morphology (Gibbs et alll. 2001, Ridgely & Constant (04°22'58"S, 70°1'51"W), Amazonas state, on Greenfi eld 2001) and, most recently, vocalizations 17 April 1966. To our knowledge there have been no (Donegan & Salaman 2012) have been used to re- subsequent records in Brazilian territory and the species promote purpurata a to specific status, a position since is currently maintained on the secondary list of Brazilian favoured by most taxonomic committees and checklists birds (CBRO 2014) for which material documentation (e.g. del Hoyo & Collar 2014, Remsen et alll. 2015), is lacking. though not by Dickinson & Remsen (2013). Whereas In May 2015, during a search for online specimen G. purpurata a is confined to a comparatively small and data pertaining to G. saphirina sensu lato, via VertNet highly deforested range west of the Andes, in western (http://portal.vertnet.org/), GMK’s attention was drawn Colombia and north-west Ecuador, and is treated to a specimen held in the Carnegie Museum of Natural as Endangered by BirdLife International (2015), G. History (CMNH), Pittsburgh, USA, pertaining to G. s. saphirina a is considerably more widespread, being saphirina a (Figure 1). Subsequent correspondence with found throughout a considerable portion of upper the Collection Manager at CMNH, Stephen Rogers, Amazonia, from eastern Ecuador and probably extreme revealed that CMNH 95975, a male Sapphire Quail- southeast Colombia, south to southeast Peru, where it Dove was collected at São Paulo de Olivença (c. 03°27'N, is represented by another, weakly marked, subspecies 68°48'W), Amazonas state, western Brazil, on 22 March in the Marcapata Valley, G. s. rothschildi (Stolzmann, 1923, by the American collector, Samuel M. Klages. No Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 First documented record of the Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina a Bonaparte, 1855, in Brazil, an overlooked specimen from the Klages expedition to Amazonia Guy M. Kirwan, José Fernando Pacheco and Alexander C. Lees other details are presented on the label (Figure 1). São Rio Purus. By June 1923, he was collecting at Tonantins, Paulo de Olivença lies on the right (south) bank of the on the left bank of the Solimões, c. 150 km downriver of Solimões (Amazon), c. 200 km downstream of Benjamin São Paulo de Olivença (Paynter & Traylor 1991). Klages, Constant, and Klages collected specimens within the who died in comparative penury in 1957, was one of the environs of this settlement on at least 5, 8, 21 and 28 most extraordinary collectors of South American birds in February, 3, 7, 10, 19 and 22 March, and 5-7, 9-10, 12- the first third of the 20th centur y, with the bulk of his 13, 17 and 20 April 1923 (Todd 1925a, b, 1927, 1931, material being sent to Tring (subsequently purchased by 1937), although it is not known more precisely where the American Museum of Natural History, New York), Klages collected during his time there. Munich and CMNH, where it was extensively studied It is only known that prior to working São Paulo de and published upon by Count Berlepsch, E. Hartert, C. E. Olivença, Klages had collected for several months on the Hellmayr, G. K. Cherrie, but above all by W. E. C. Todd, who described many new taxa based on Klages’ material. Klages obtained the largest collection of Neotropical birds housed at CMNH (Parkes 1995). Departing the USA in 1891 (at the age of 26), he collected in Venezuela between 1898 and 1902, as well as in 1909-10, in Trinidad & Tobago in 1912-13, French Guiana in 1917-18, and in Brazilian Amazonia between 1918 and 1927 (Phelps 1945, Beolens & Watkins 2003, Paynter & Traylor 1991). Th e list of 2744 specimens (deposited at seven museums) collected by Klages at São Paulo de Olivença (accessible via VertNet) includes no biogeographically questionable species, thus we have no reason to suspect that the specimen of G. saphirina was obtained elsewhere and erroneously listed for this locality. In addition to the G. saphirina, Klages collected other rare or poorly- known taxa around São Paulo de Olivença including Red-billed Ground Cuckoo Neomorphus pucheranii i (n = 2 specimens), Orange-fronted Plushcrown Metopothrix aurantiaca (n = 8), Striated Antthrush Chamaeza nobilis (n = 4) and Purple-throated Cotinga Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema (n = 1), as well as rarely-recorded boreal migrants such as Grey-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus (n = 2) and Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus s (n = 5), but all of these could be anticipated at this locality. Klages’ record of G. saphirina, belatedly recognized for its full signifi cance here, pre-dates that of Willis by 43 years and becomes the first and only documented record for Brazilian territory, although the species might be expected to occur at other localities in westernmost Brazil, especially south of the Solimões and along the frontier with Peru. Intra-tropical movements are well documented in Ruddy Quail-Dove G. montana a (Stouffer & Bierregaard 1997) and have been hypothesised for Violaceous Quail-Dove G. violacea a (Lees et alll. 2013), so the possibility that G. saphirina is only an occasional visitor to the western Brazilian Amazon, rather than a low-density resident, exists. Th at the species has not been found at the comparatively well-inventoried Palmari Lodge, on the lower Rio Javarí southwest of Tabatinga, FIGURE 1. Ventral, dorsal and lateral views of a male specimen of or by recent collecting expeditions to the same general the Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina a collected at São Paulo de region by the Museu Goeldi, but that both Brazilian Olivença, Amazonas, March 1923, by Samuel M. Klages, held at the reports stem from the same season (late March-mid April) Carnegie Museum of Natural History (CMNH 95975), Pittsburgh, USA (© Stephen P. Rogers, Carnegie Museum of Natural History). lends highly circumstantial weight to this hypothesis. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia, 23(3), 2015 First documented record of the Sapphire Quail-Dove Geotrygon saphirina a Bonaparte, 1855, in Brazil, an overlooked specimen from the Klages expedition to Amazonia Guy M. Kirwan, José Fernando Pacheco and Alexander C. Lees south-central Amazonia. Bulletin of the British Ornithologists’ Club, A A ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 133: 178-239. Parkes, K. C. (1995). Ornithology at Carnegie Museum of Natural We are much indebted to Stephen P. Rogers, at CMNH, History. Pp. 163-181 in Davis, W. E. & Jackson, J. A. (eds.) who responded extremely swiftly to our requests Contributions to the history of North American ornithology. Nuttall and generously provided the specimen photographs Ornithological Club, Cambridge, MA. Paynter, R. A., Jr & Traylor, M. A., Jr (1991). Ornithological gazetteer reproduced within this contribution. of Brazil. Cambridge, MA, Museum of Comparative Zoology. Peters, J. L. (1937). Check-list of birds of the world d d, vol. 3. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press. R R REFERENCES Phelps, W. H. (1945). Resumen de las colecciones ornitológicas hechas en Venezuela. Boletín de la Sociedad Venezolana de Ciencias Naturales, 9: 325-444. Baptista, L. F.; Trail, P. W. & Horblit, H. M. (1997). Family Remsen, J. V. Jr, Areta, J. I.; Cadena, C. D.; Jaramillo, A.; Nores, Columbidae (pigeons and doves). 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Ornithology Research – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 1, 2015
Keywords: Columbidae; Geotrygon saphirina; Samuel Klages
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