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Factors of Interregional Migration in Russia Disaggregated by Age

Factors of Interregional Migration in Russia Disaggregated by Age This paper examines the factors of interregional migration in Russia for people of different ages. Basing on 2010 census data, we estimate negative binomial regression models for total migration flows and migration flows disaggregated by age with socio-economic, demographic, geographical factors of the regions of departure and arrival. The analysis showed that only two flows: migrants of economically active age and families react correctly (from an economic point of view) to the variables of the labor market, incomes, the economic situation of the regions of departure and arrival, and housing indicators. Pensioners tend to minimize the costs of living, moving to poorer regions with high unemployment, where the cost of living is cheaper, and to regions with a favorable climate, thus saving on housing maintenance and having opportunity for subsistence farming. Students and young people are rational in their relocation in a different way, they are motivated by the possibility of building up human capital and opportunities for starting a career, while other factors are insignificant for them. The study also confirmed the hypothesis that in Russia, as in other countries, migrant flows of different ages move in opposite directions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy Springer Journals

Factors of Interregional Migration in Russia Disaggregated by Age

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Springer Nature B.V. 2019
Subject
Social Sciences; Human Geography; Landscape/Regional and Urban Planning; Regional/Spatial Science
ISSN
1874-463X
eISSN
1874-4621
DOI
10.1007/s12061-019-09320-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper examines the factors of interregional migration in Russia for people of different ages. Basing on 2010 census data, we estimate negative binomial regression models for total migration flows and migration flows disaggregated by age with socio-economic, demographic, geographical factors of the regions of departure and arrival. The analysis showed that only two flows: migrants of economically active age and families react correctly (from an economic point of view) to the variables of the labor market, incomes, the economic situation of the regions of departure and arrival, and housing indicators. Pensioners tend to minimize the costs of living, moving to poorer regions with high unemployment, where the cost of living is cheaper, and to regions with a favorable climate, thus saving on housing maintenance and having opportunity for subsistence farming. Students and young people are rational in their relocation in a different way, they are motivated by the possibility of building up human capital and opportunities for starting a career, while other factors are insignificant for them. The study also confirmed the hypothesis that in Russia, as in other countries, migrant flows of different ages move in opposite directions.

Journal

Applied Spatial Analysis and PolicySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 27, 2020

References