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Evaluation of the Humoral Response to Adeno-Associated Virus-Based Gene Therapy Modalities Using Total Antibody Assays

Evaluation of the Humoral Response to Adeno-Associated Virus-Based Gene Therapy Modalities Using... The number of viral vector-based gene therapies (GTx) continues to grow with two products (Zolgensma® and Luxturna®) approved in the USA as of March 2021. To date, the most commonly used vectors are adeno-associated virus-based (AAV). The pre-existing humoral immunity against AAV (anti-AAV antibodies) has been well described and is expected as a consequence of prior AAV exposure. Anti-AAV antibodies may present an immune barrier to successful AAV transduction and hence negatively impact clinical efficacy and may also result in adverse events (AEs) due to the formation of large immune complexes. Patients may be screened for the presence of anti-AAV antibodies, including neutralizing (NAb) and total binding antibodies (TAb) prior to treatment with the GTx. Recommendations for the development and validation of anti-AAV NAb detection methods have been presented elsewhere. This manuscript covers considerations related to anti-AAV TAb-detecting protocols, including the advantages of the use of TAb methods, selection of assay controls and reagents, and parameters critical to monitoring assay performance. This manuscript was authored by a group of scientists involved in GTx development representing eleven organizations. It is our intent to provide recommendations and guidance to industry sponsors, academic laboratories, and regulatory agencies working on AAV-based GTx viral vector modalities with the goal of achieving a more consistent approach to anti-AAV TAb assessment.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "The AAPS Journal" Springer Journals

Evaluation of the Humoral Response to Adeno-Associated Virus-Based Gene Therapy Modalities Using Total Antibody Assays

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists 2021
eISSN
1550-7416
DOI
10.1208/s12248-021-00628-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The number of viral vector-based gene therapies (GTx) continues to grow with two products (Zolgensma® and Luxturna®) approved in the USA as of March 2021. To date, the most commonly used vectors are adeno-associated virus-based (AAV). The pre-existing humoral immunity against AAV (anti-AAV antibodies) has been well described and is expected as a consequence of prior AAV exposure. Anti-AAV antibodies may present an immune barrier to successful AAV transduction and hence negatively impact clinical efficacy and may also result in adverse events (AEs) due to the formation of large immune complexes. Patients may be screened for the presence of anti-AAV antibodies, including neutralizing (NAb) and total binding antibodies (TAb) prior to treatment with the GTx. Recommendations for the development and validation of anti-AAV NAb detection methods have been presented elsewhere. This manuscript covers considerations related to anti-AAV TAb-detecting protocols, including the advantages of the use of TAb methods, selection of assay controls and reagents, and parameters critical to monitoring assay performance. This manuscript was authored by a group of scientists involved in GTx development representing eleven organizations. It is our intent to provide recommendations and guidance to industry sponsors, academic laboratories, and regulatory agencies working on AAV-based GTx viral vector modalities with the goal of achieving a more consistent approach to anti-AAV TAb assessment.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext]

Journal

"The AAPS Journal"Springer Journals

Published: Sep 16, 2021

Keywords: adenovirus associated virus; gene therapy; immunogenicity; total anti-GTx antibody

References