Access the full text.
Sign up today, get DeepDyve free for 14 days.
C. Ewing, A. King, P. Prasad (1972)Structural Considerations of the Human Vertebral Column Under +Gz Impact Acceleration
Journal of Aircraft, 9
M. Reed, Sheila Ebert (2013)The Seated Soldier Study: Posture and Body Shape in Vehicle Seats
R. Eppinger, E. Sun, F. Bandak, M. Haffner, N. Khaewpong, M. Maltese, S. Kuppa, Thuvan Nguyen, E. Takhounts, R. Tannous, A. Zhang, R. Saul (1999)DEVELOPMENT OF IMPROVED INJURY CRITERIA FOR THE ASSESSMENT OF ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE RESTRAINT SYSTEMS - II
AAAM (2000) NASS injury coding manual. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
E. Spurrier, I. Gibb, S. Masouros, J. Clasper (2016)Identifying Spinal Injury Patterns in Underbody Blast to Develop Mechanistic Hypotheses
KL Loftis (2019)261
Mil Med, 184
A. Belwadi, J. Siegel, Aadarsh Singh, Joyce Smith, King Yang, A. King (2012)Finite element aortic injury reconstruction of near side lateral impacts using real world crash data.
Journal of biomechanical engineering, 134 1
N. Yoganandan, Jason Moore, N. Devogel, F. Pintar, A. Banerjee, J. Baisden, Jiangli Zhang, K. Loftis, David Barnes (2020)Human lumbar spinal column injury criteria from vertical loading at the base: Applications to military environments.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 105
Liqiang Dong, F. Zhu, X. Jin, M. Suresh, Binhui Jiang, Gopinath Sevagan, Yun Cai, Guangyao Li, King Yang (2013)Blast effect on the lower extremities and its mitigation: a computational study.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 28
P. Leucht, Klaus Fischer, G. Muhr, Ernst Mueller (2009)Epidemiology of traumatic spine fractures.
Injury, 40 2
Jianyin Lei, F. Zhu, Binhui Jiang, Zhihua Wang (2018)Underbody blast effect on the pelvis and lumbar spine: A computational study.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 79
P. Neumann, A. Osvalder, Tommy Hansson, Anders Nordwall (1996)Flexion-distraction injury of the lumbar spine: influence of load, loading rate, and vertebral mineral content.
Journal of spinal disorders, 9 2
R. Thyagarajan (2010)End-to-end System level M&S Tool for Underbody Blast Events
I. Loading, M. Suresh, F. Zhu, King Yang, J. Serres, R. Tannous (2014)FINITE ELEMENT EVALUATION OF HUMAN BODY RESPONSE TO VERTICAL
JD Cross (2011)S1
J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 19
P. McAfee, H. Yuan, B. Fredrickson, J. Lubicky (1983)The value of computed tomography in thoracolumbar fractures. An analysis of one hundred consecutive cases and a new classification.
The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, 65 4
PC McAfee (1983)461
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 65
D. Aggromito, R. Thomson, John Wang, A. Chhor, Bernard Chen, Wenyi Yan (2015)Effect of body-borne equipment on injury of military pilots and aircrew during a simulated helicopter crash
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 50
B. Ragel, C Allred, S. Brevard, Richard Davis, Edmund Frank (2009)Fractures of the Thoracolumbar Spine Sustained by Soldiers in Vehicles Attacked by Improvised Explosive Devices
K. Loftis, E. Mazuchowski, M. Clouser, Patrick Gillich (2019)Prominent Injury Types in Vehicle Underbody Blast.
Military medicine, 184 Suppl 1
R. Lehman, H. Paik, Tobin Eckel, M. Helgeson, P. Cooper, C. Bellabarba (2008)Low lumbar burst fractures: a unique fracture mechanism sustained in our current overseas conflicts.
The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society, 12 9
Effects of personal protection equipment (PPE) and ATD response in vertical acceleration condition. Paper presented at the 82nd Shock and Vibration Symposium
F. Magerl, M. Aebi, S. Gertzbein, J. Harms, S. Nazarian (2005)A comprehensive classification of thoracic and lumbar injuries
European Spine Journal, 3
K. Danelson, A. Kemper, M. Mason, M. Tegtmeyer, Sean Swiatkowski, J. Bolte, W. Hardy (2015)Comparison of ATD to PMHS Response in the Under-Body Blast Environment.
Stapp car crash journal, 59
P Leucht (2009)166
K. Somasundaram, Liying Zhang, Don Sherman, P. Begeman, D. Lyu, John Cavanaugh (2019)Evaluating thoracolumbar spine response during simulated underbody blast impact using a total human body finite element model.
Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials, 100
J. Cross, J. Ficke, J. Hsu, B. Masini, J. Wenke (2011)Battlefield Orthopaedic Injuries Cause the Majority of Long‐term Disabilities
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeon, 19
F Magerl (1994)184
Eur Spine J, 3
RA Lehman Jr (2012)784
Spine J, 12
Alan Goertz, King Yang, D. Viano (2020)Development of a finite element biomechanical whole spine model for analyzing lumbar spine loads under caudocephalad acceleration
Biomedical Physics & Engineering Express, 7
E Spurrier (2016)E268
(1973)The dynamic response of the spine during +G(z) (eyeballs down) acceleration. Dissertation
Jiangyue Zhang, A. Merkle, C. Carneal, R. Armiger, Reuben Kraft, E. Ward, K. Ott, A. Wickwire, C. Dooley, T. Harrigan, J. Roberts (2013)Effects of Torso-Borne Mass and Loading Severity on Early Response of the Lumbar Spine under High-Rate Vertical Loading
KA Danelson (2015)445
Stapp Car Crash J, 59
W. Baker, M. Chowdhury, C. Untaroiu (2018)Validation of a booted finite element model of the WIAMan ATD lower limb in component and whole-body vertical loading impacts with an assessment of the boot influence model on response
Traffic Injury Prevention, 19
Michael Adams, P. Dolan (1995)Recent advances in lumbar spinal mechanics and their clinical significance.
Clinical biomechanics, 10 1
BT Ragel (2009)2400
(2020)Whole body finite element model of the lumbar spine using parallel load paths under high +Gz acceleration
Publisher's Note Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations
The effects of a personal protective equipment vest (PPE) on spine loads of occupants in vehicles subjected to under-body blast (UBB) events are not well understood. This study investigated the inertial and structural effects of PPE on the lower spine in UBB loading conditions using numerical modeling. A seated finite element (FE) human body model (HBM) with a spine designed for vertical acceleration load analysis was subjected to a 45g UBB representative acceleration. The HBM was modeled with and without PPE, in both upright (0°) and reclined (15°) seated postures. The PPE added 30% to the mass of the upper torso; however, it only increased the peak dynamic net spine load by approximately 20%. The added mass of PPE promoted additional flexion that shifted the overall loads toward the anterior aspect of the spine, which may contribute to an increased propensity for wedge compression fractures. The 15° reclined posture generated higher net spine loads than the upright posture. The additional forward flexion observed in the upright posture generated reduced peak net spine loads but increased the anterior aspect spine loads. The model, with and without PPE, identified regions and modes of elevated loading that were consistent with injuries observed in theater, suggesting that FE HBM modeling has potential to become a tool for injury prediction. A novel lower spine injury criterion, Lij, which combines axial compression and bending, was proposed to recognize injurious elevated anterior vertebral loading, which is not accounted for with separate compressive and bending criteria.
Human Factors and Mechanical Engineering for Defense and Safety – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 6, 2021
Access the full text.
Sign up today, get DeepDyve free for 14 days.