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Effects of interleukin 17A (IL-17A) neutralization on murine hepatitis virus (MHV-A59) infection

Effects of interleukin 17A (IL-17A) neutralization on murine hepatitis virus (MHV-A59) infection Mice infected with mouse hepatitis virus A59 (MHV-A59) develop hepatitis and autoantibodies (autoAb) to liver and kidney fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH), a fact closely related to the release of alarmins such as uric acid and/or high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1). We studied the effect of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAb) against IL-17A in our model of mouse MHV-A59-infection. MAb anti-IL-17F and anti-IFNγ were used to complement the study. Results showed that transaminase levels markedly decreased in MHV-A59-infected mice treated with MAb anti-IL-17A whereas plasmatic Ig concentration sharply increased. Conversely, MAb anti-IL-17F enhanced transaminase liberation and did not affect Ig levels. Serum IFNγ was detected in mice infected with MHV-A59 and its concentration increased after MAb anti-IL-17A administration. Besides, MAb anti-IFNγ greatly augmented transaminase plasmatic levels. IL-17A neutralization did not affect MHV-A59-induction of HMGB1 liberation and slightly augmented plasmatic uric acid concentration. However, mice treated with the MAb failed to produce autoAb to FAH. The above results suggest a reciprocal regulation of Th1 and Th17 cells acting on the different MHV-A59 effects. In addition, it is proposed that IL-17A is involved in alarmins adjuvant effects leading to autoAb expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Cytokine Network Springer Journals

Effects of interleukin 17A (IL-17A) neutralization on murine hepatitis virus (MHV-A59) infection

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © John Libbey Eurotext 2017
eISSN
1952-4005
DOI
10.1684/ecn.2017.0399
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mice infected with mouse hepatitis virus A59 (MHV-A59) develop hepatitis and autoantibodies (autoAb) to liver and kidney fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase (FAH), a fact closely related to the release of alarmins such as uric acid and/or high-mobility group box protein 1 (HMGB1). We studied the effect of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAb) against IL-17A in our model of mouse MHV-A59-infection. MAb anti-IL-17F and anti-IFNγ were used to complement the study. Results showed that transaminase levels markedly decreased in MHV-A59-infected mice treated with MAb anti-IL-17A whereas plasmatic Ig concentration sharply increased. Conversely, MAb anti-IL-17F enhanced transaminase liberation and did not affect Ig levels. Serum IFNγ was detected in mice infected with MHV-A59 and its concentration increased after MAb anti-IL-17A administration. Besides, MAb anti-IFNγ greatly augmented transaminase plasmatic levels. IL-17A neutralization did not affect MHV-A59-induction of HMGB1 liberation and slightly augmented plasmatic uric acid concentration. However, mice treated with the MAb failed to produce autoAb to FAH. The above results suggest a reciprocal regulation of Th1 and Th17 cells acting on the different MHV-A59 effects. In addition, it is proposed that IL-17A is involved in alarmins adjuvant effects leading to autoAb expression.

Journal

European Cytokine NetworkSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 12, 2017

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