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Effect of heat transfer coefficient of steam turbine rotor on thermal stress field under off-design condition

Effect of heat transfer coefficient of steam turbine rotor on thermal stress field under... Abstract The precise calculation of temperature and thermal stress field of steam turbine rotor under off-design conditions is of paramount significance for safe and economic operation, in which an accurate calculation of heat transfer (HT) coefficient plays a decisive role. HT coefficient changes dramatically along with working conditions. First, a finite element analysis of rotor model, applied with ordinary rotor materials, has been conducted to investigate the temperature and thermal stress difference along with the change of HT coefficient from 20 W/(m2∙°C) to 20000 W/(m2∙°C). Next, the differentiation between existing empirical formulas has been analyzed from the aspect of physical significance of nondimension parameters. Finally, a verifying case of the cold startup of a 1000MW unit has been proceeded. The result shows that the accuracy of coefficient calculation when steam parameters are low has a greater influence on that of rotor temperature and thermal stress, which means a precise empirical HT coefficient formula, like the Sarkar formula is strongly recommended. When steam parameters are high and HT coefficient is larger than 104 W/(m2∙°C), there will be barely any influence on the calculation of thermal stress. This research plays a constructive role in the calculation and analysis of thermal stress. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png "Frontiers in Energy" Springer Journals

Effect of heat transfer coefficient of steam turbine rotor on thermal stress field under off-design condition

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2015 Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
ISSN
2095-1701
eISSN
2095-1698
DOI
10.1007/s11708-015-0385-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The precise calculation of temperature and thermal stress field of steam turbine rotor under off-design conditions is of paramount significance for safe and economic operation, in which an accurate calculation of heat transfer (HT) coefficient plays a decisive role. HT coefficient changes dramatically along with working conditions. First, a finite element analysis of rotor model, applied with ordinary rotor materials, has been conducted to investigate the temperature and thermal stress difference along with the change of HT coefficient from 20 W/(m2∙°C) to 20000 W/(m2∙°C). Next, the differentiation between existing empirical formulas has been analyzed from the aspect of physical significance of nondimension parameters. Finally, a verifying case of the cold startup of a 1000MW unit has been proceeded. The result shows that the accuracy of coefficient calculation when steam parameters are low has a greater influence on that of rotor temperature and thermal stress, which means a precise empirical HT coefficient formula, like the Sarkar formula is strongly recommended. When steam parameters are high and HT coefficient is larger than 104 W/(m2∙°C), there will be barely any influence on the calculation of thermal stress. This research plays a constructive role in the calculation and analysis of thermal stress.

Journal

"Frontiers in Energy"Springer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2016

References