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Effect of cream pasteurization, microfiltration and enzymatic proteolysis on in vitro cholesterol-lowering activity of buttermilk solids

Effect of cream pasteurization, microfiltration and enzymatic proteolysis on in vitro... The lipids and proteins of buttermilk solids have been associated with several potential health benefits. In this work, the effect of cream pasteurization, microfiltration (MF) and enzymatic proteolysis on the chemical composition and cholesterol-lowering activity of buttermilk solids was studied. Buttermilk was made from pasteurized or unpasteurized cream and fractionated using a 0.5-μm MF membrane or treated with pepsin or pepsin followed by trypsin. The cholesterol-lowering activity of the products obtained was measured as micellar solubility of cholesterol in vitro. This value was reduced significantly by 57.1% of the control in the presence of raw-cream buttermilk, while buttermilk from pasteurized cream had a much lower impact (reduction of 17.0%). These results suggest a strong inhibitory effect of components in raw-cream buttermilk on in vitro micellar solubility of cholesterol. MF retentate and permeate of buttermilks made from either cream had smaller effects on micellar solubility. Enzymatic hydrolysis of buttermilk made from pasteurized cream seemed to restore the lost cholesterol-lowering activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dairy Science & Technology Springer Journals

Effect of cream pasteurization, microfiltration and enzymatic proteolysis on in vitro cholesterol-lowering activity of buttermilk solids

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer S+B Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Agriculture; Microbiology
ISSN
1958-5586
eISSN
1958-5594
DOI
10.1051/dst/2010021
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The lipids and proteins of buttermilk solids have been associated with several potential health benefits. In this work, the effect of cream pasteurization, microfiltration (MF) and enzymatic proteolysis on the chemical composition and cholesterol-lowering activity of buttermilk solids was studied. Buttermilk was made from pasteurized or unpasteurized cream and fractionated using a 0.5-μm MF membrane or treated with pepsin or pepsin followed by trypsin. The cholesterol-lowering activity of the products obtained was measured as micellar solubility of cholesterol in vitro. This value was reduced significantly by 57.1% of the control in the presence of raw-cream buttermilk, while buttermilk from pasteurized cream had a much lower impact (reduction of 17.0%). These results suggest a strong inhibitory effect of components in raw-cream buttermilk on in vitro micellar solubility of cholesterol. MF retentate and permeate of buttermilks made from either cream had smaller effects on micellar solubility. Enzymatic hydrolysis of buttermilk made from pasteurized cream seemed to restore the lost cholesterol-lowering activity.

Journal

Dairy Science & TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2011

References