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Early Detection of Breast, Cervical, Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers in Low Resource Countries: An Integrated Approach

Early Detection of Breast, Cervical, Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers in Low Resource Countries:... Abstract The incidence of breast and gynecological cancers continues to increase in low and middle resource countries [LRC’S and MRC’s] with a disproportionately higher mortality rate compared to that in high resource countries. This has been attributed to factors such as an increased life span due to better control of communicable diseases and improved nutrition, as well as lifestyle and reproductive changes. A lack of public awareness and understanding of these cancers, absence of an organized screening program and a lack of accessible and effective treatment options, is responsible for the higher mortality rate. A practical approach of a combined program of integrating a well woman examination with screening for breast and cervical cancer and diagnostic evaluation for Ovarian and Endometrial cancer in symptomatic women is proposed in this article which can serve as a model to be studied for efficacy in low resource countries. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology Springer Journals

Early Detection of Breast, Cervical, Ovarian and Endometrial Cancers in Low Resource Countries: An Integrated Approach

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2011 Indian Association of Surgical Oncology
ISSN
0975-7651
eISSN
0976-6952
DOI
10.1007/s13193-011-0082-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The incidence of breast and gynecological cancers continues to increase in low and middle resource countries [LRC’S and MRC’s] with a disproportionately higher mortality rate compared to that in high resource countries. This has been attributed to factors such as an increased life span due to better control of communicable diseases and improved nutrition, as well as lifestyle and reproductive changes. A lack of public awareness and understanding of these cancers, absence of an organized screening program and a lack of accessible and effective treatment options, is responsible for the higher mortality rate. A practical approach of a combined program of integrating a well woman examination with screening for breast and cervical cancer and diagnostic evaluation for Ovarian and Endometrial cancer in symptomatic women is proposed in this article which can serve as a model to be studied for efficacy in low resource countries.

Journal

Indian Journal of Surgical OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2011

Keywords: surgical oncology; oncology; surgery

References