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Does Breast Cancer Surgery Impact Functional Status and Independence in Older Patients? A Narrative Review

Does Breast Cancer Surgery Impact Functional Status and Independence in Older Patients? A... Surgery is the recommended treatment modality for primary breast cancer. Breast cancer surgery is non-visceral; therefore, it is often assumed that the subsequent impact on functional status in older women is less significant compared to other cancer types such as colorectal cancer. Evidence for this however, is lacking. The definition of functional status varies amongst healthcare professionals and patients, making comparisons between studies difficult. From the literature, the two most common themes in relation to functional status following breast cancer surgery are activities of daily living and quality of life. Both of these elements of functional status are adversely impacted in patients following breast cancer surgery. A more significant decline is seen in patients with pre-existing comorbidities and with greater intensity of surgery, which includes more invasive breast and/or axillary surgery as well as additional reconstructive procedures. Identifying and optimising pre-existing factors which may predict post-operative decline in functional status, such as cognitive impairment and deteriorating functional decline over the preceding year, may help in reducing deterioration in functional status after breast cancer surgery. Methods which may be employed to detect and optimise these factors include geriatric assessment and exercise intervention. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oncology and Therapy Springer Journals

Does Breast Cancer Surgery Impact Functional Status and Independence in Older Patients? A Narrative Review

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s) 2021
ISSN
2366-1070
eISSN
2366-1089
DOI
10.1007/s40487-021-00170-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Surgery is the recommended treatment modality for primary breast cancer. Breast cancer surgery is non-visceral; therefore, it is often assumed that the subsequent impact on functional status in older women is less significant compared to other cancer types such as colorectal cancer. Evidence for this however, is lacking. The definition of functional status varies amongst healthcare professionals and patients, making comparisons between studies difficult. From the literature, the two most common themes in relation to functional status following breast cancer surgery are activities of daily living and quality of life. Both of these elements of functional status are adversely impacted in patients following breast cancer surgery. A more significant decline is seen in patients with pre-existing comorbidities and with greater intensity of surgery, which includes more invasive breast and/or axillary surgery as well as additional reconstructive procedures. Identifying and optimising pre-existing factors which may predict post-operative decline in functional status, such as cognitive impairment and deteriorating functional decline over the preceding year, may help in reducing deterioration in functional status after breast cancer surgery. Methods which may be employed to detect and optimise these factors include geriatric assessment and exercise intervention.

Journal

Oncology and TherapySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2021

Keywords: Activities of Daily Living; Breast Cancer; Functional Status; Older Women; Quality of Life; Surgery

References