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Continuous milli-scale reaction calorimeter for direct scale-up of flow chemistry

Continuous milli-scale reaction calorimeter for direct scale-up of flow chemistry Reaction calorimetry of flow processes is important for scale-up and safety in flow chemistry. Due to the increasing number of flow processes, corresponding flow calorimeters are required as an alternative or addition to high-precision batch calorimeters. In this work, a milli-scale isoperibol continuous flow calorimeter was used to measure the heat of reaction based on an elaborated heat transfer model. This allows for reaction calorimetry without calibration. The model was tested with a selective, fast and exothermic neutralization reaction of acetic acid and sodium hydroxide at different flow rates, concentrations and viscosities. Deviations of the mean heats of reaction from the literature values were only about 2%. The calorimetric data can further be used for direct scale-up with tube bundle mixer heat exchangers having similar heat transfer characteristics. In addition, a reaction screening at different flow rates allows to find the maximum temperature and maximum heat generation. This data is useful in safety analyses of continuous processes. For these reasons, continuous reaction calorimetry provides a practical scale-up tool for flow processes.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Flow Chemistry Springer Journals

Continuous milli-scale reaction calorimeter for direct scale-up of flow chemistry

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Akadémiai Kiadó 2021
ISSN
2062-249X
eISSN
2063-0212
DOI
10.1007/s41981-021-00204-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Reaction calorimetry of flow processes is important for scale-up and safety in flow chemistry. Due to the increasing number of flow processes, corresponding flow calorimeters are required as an alternative or addition to high-precision batch calorimeters. In this work, a milli-scale isoperibol continuous flow calorimeter was used to measure the heat of reaction based on an elaborated heat transfer model. This allows for reaction calorimetry without calibration. The model was tested with a selective, fast and exothermic neutralization reaction of acetic acid and sodium hydroxide at different flow rates, concentrations and viscosities. Deviations of the mean heats of reaction from the literature values were only about 2%. The calorimetric data can further be used for direct scale-up with tube bundle mixer heat exchangers having similar heat transfer characteristics. In addition, a reaction screening at different flow rates allows to find the maximum temperature and maximum heat generation. This data is useful in safety analyses of continuous processes. For these reasons, continuous reaction calorimetry provides a practical scale-up tool for flow processes.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext]

Journal

Journal of Flow ChemistrySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2021

Keywords: Continuous flow reactor; Isoperibolic reaction calorimetry; Heat of reaction; Safety; Process development; Scale-up

References