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Color Depth Enhancement and Improved Rubbing Color Fastness of Cotton Knitted Fabrics via Polyurethane with PCL/PCDL Polyester Soft Segment

Color Depth Enhancement and Improved Rubbing Color Fastness of Cotton Knitted Fabrics via... Water-based polyurethane (WPU) provides a number of benefits over typical solvent-based polyurethane. WPU is more environmentally friendly, safe, and reliable. The WPU with polycaprolactone diol/polycarbonate diol (PCL/PCDL) complex soft segment was developed using a prepolymer technique to enhance the color depth of cotton knitted fabrics dyed with reactive dyes. The appearance, particle size, zeta potential, and viscosity of WPU emulsions were analyzed. The chemical structure, thermal stability, phase change performance, and topography of WPU films were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. The tensile and hydrophilic properties of the WPU films were examined by an electronic universal testing machine and contact angle goniometer, respectively. The K/S value, rubbing fastness, washing fastness, and wearability of finished and unfinished dark cotton knitted fabrics were measured. Simultaneously, the chemical structure and morphology of fabrics were investigated using FTIR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show the WPU-2 emulsion demonstrated excellent stability, and the WPU-2 film showed superior thermal stability. The K/S value of the dark cotton knitted fabric finished with WPU-2 emulsion (40 g/l) increased by 18.58 %, and the wet rubbing color fastness of the resulting fabric was enhanced. The SEM results show a layer of film covered the surface of the finished fabric. In summary, the WPU can provide a new technique for enhancing the color depth of fabrics. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fibers and Polymers Springer Journals

Color Depth Enhancement and Improved Rubbing Color Fastness of Cotton Knitted Fabrics via Polyurethane with PCL/PCDL Polyester Soft Segment

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Korean Fiber Society for Fibers and Polymers and Springer 2022
ISSN
1229-9197
eISSN
1875-0052
DOI
10.1007/s12221-022-4388-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Water-based polyurethane (WPU) provides a number of benefits over typical solvent-based polyurethane. WPU is more environmentally friendly, safe, and reliable. The WPU with polycaprolactone diol/polycarbonate diol (PCL/PCDL) complex soft segment was developed using a prepolymer technique to enhance the color depth of cotton knitted fabrics dyed with reactive dyes. The appearance, particle size, zeta potential, and viscosity of WPU emulsions were analyzed. The chemical structure, thermal stability, phase change performance, and topography of WPU films were characterized by Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), and atomic force microscopy (AFM), respectively. The tensile and hydrophilic properties of the WPU films were examined by an electronic universal testing machine and contact angle goniometer, respectively. The K/S value, rubbing fastness, washing fastness, and wearability of finished and unfinished dark cotton knitted fabrics were measured. Simultaneously, the chemical structure and morphology of fabrics were investigated using FTIR and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The results show the WPU-2 emulsion demonstrated excellent stability, and the WPU-2 film showed superior thermal stability. The K/S value of the dark cotton knitted fabric finished with WPU-2 emulsion (40 g/l) increased by 18.58 %, and the wet rubbing color fastness of the resulting fabric was enhanced. The SEM results show a layer of film covered the surface of the finished fabric. In summary, the WPU can provide a new technique for enhancing the color depth of fabrics.

Journal

Fibers and PolymersSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: Water-based polyurethane; PCL/PCDL polyester soft segment; Dark cotton knitted fabric; Color depth enhancement; Color fastness to rubbing

References