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Climate Change and Global Public HealthCalifornia’s Integrated Approach to Air Quality and Climate Change

Climate Change and Global Public Health: California’s Integrated Approach to Air Quality and... [Climate change models predict that a “business as usual” approach, i.e., no effort to control CO2 emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, will result in over 2 °C increase in the annual average surface temperature by ~2034. With atmospheric warming comes increased air pollution. The concept of a “climate gap” in air quality control captures the decreased effectiveness of regulatory policies to reduce pollution with a hotter climate. Sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and climate-forcing aerosols (“black carbon”) are the same sources of air pollutants that harm health. California has adopted robust climate change mitigation policies that are also designed to achieve public health benefits by improving air quality. These policies include advanced clean car standards, renewable energy, a sustainable communities strategy to limit suburban sprawl, a low-carbon fuel standard, and energy efficiency. A market-based mechanism to put a price on CO2 emissions is the cap-and-trade program that allows capped facilities to trade state-issued GHG emissions allowances. The “cap” limits total GHG emissions from all covered sources and declines over time to progressively reduce emissions. To address environmental justice concerns about the cap-and-trade program, California has adopted a potentially transformative ancillary program to identify and mitigate local “hot spots” of air pollution. The state’s leadership on air quality and climate change mitigation is increasingly important, given the efforts to slow or even reverse implementation of such policies at the US national level.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Climate Change and Global Public HealthCalifornia’s Integrated Approach to Air Quality and Climate Change

Part of the Respiratory Medicine Book Series
Editors: Pinkerton, Kent E.; Rom, William N.

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References (2)

Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
ISBN
978-3-030-54745-5
Pages
541 –548
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-54746-2_26
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[Climate change models predict that a “business as usual” approach, i.e., no effort to control CO2 emissions from combustion of fossil fuels, will result in over 2 °C increase in the annual average surface temperature by ~2034. With atmospheric warming comes increased air pollution. The concept of a “climate gap” in air quality control captures the decreased effectiveness of regulatory policies to reduce pollution with a hotter climate. Sources of greenhouse gases (GHGs) and climate-forcing aerosols (“black carbon”) are the same sources of air pollutants that harm health. California has adopted robust climate change mitigation policies that are also designed to achieve public health benefits by improving air quality. These policies include advanced clean car standards, renewable energy, a sustainable communities strategy to limit suburban sprawl, a low-carbon fuel standard, and energy efficiency. A market-based mechanism to put a price on CO2 emissions is the cap-and-trade program that allows capped facilities to trade state-issued GHG emissions allowances. The “cap” limits total GHG emissions from all covered sources and declines over time to progressively reduce emissions. To address environmental justice concerns about the cap-and-trade program, California has adopted a potentially transformative ancillary program to identify and mitigate local “hot spots” of air pollution. The state’s leadership on air quality and climate change mitigation is increasingly important, given the efforts to slow or even reverse implementation of such policies at the US national level.]

Published: Nov 24, 2020

Keywords: Climate change mitigation; Air quality regulation; Co-benefits; Carbon tax; Cap-and-trade; Renewable power; Clean transportation

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