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Carnivorous plants are among the curiosities of nature being different from the normal plants in their mode of nutrition. These plants have fascinated several researchers for centuries. They are also characterized by synthesis of bioactive compounds which are used as a mechanism for self defense. These compounds possess a broad spectrum of biological activities such as antiparasitic, antibacterial, insecticidal, fungicidal, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antiproliferative activities. Although, several antimicrobial drugs have been introduced during the recent decades, the problems of microbial infections resistant to synthetic pesticides still exist which necessitate the introduction of novel antimicrobial agents with additional modes of actions than the currently available therapeutic agents. Naphthoquinones are one of the most studied bioactive compounds which have been reported to inhibit the growth of proliferative cells and microbes. Efforts have been made to induce the biosynthesis of naphthoquinone in different species of carnivorous plants. It has been demonstrated that the accumulation of naphthoquinones in carnivorous plants was increased by injecting chitin into the plant tissues. Also, their biosynthesis could be enhanced by the incorporation of elicitors in in vitro cultures of plants. In the present review, we discuss the applications of naphthoquinones and its biosynthesis in carnivorous plants.
Tropical Plant Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 18, 2016
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