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Carnelian beads in Mongolia: new perspectives on technology and trade

Carnelian beads in Mongolia: new perspectives on technology and trade The technological, stylistic, and chemical analyses of carnelian beads from archaeological sites in Mongolia provide evidence for local production and use of carnelian beads during the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1000 BCE) and Early Iron Age (1000–300 BCE) through the Xiongnu period (c. 250/200 BCE–CE 150). Beads dating to the historical Mongol Empire (c. twelfth to fourteenth centuries CE) demonstrate expanding trade networks that link eastern Eurasia to South Asia and beyond. Use-wear study of the exterior surfaces and interior drill holes demonstrates that carnelian beads were used and curated for many generations before being included in burials. These findings provide new insight into the daily life of ancient pastoral communities of the Mongolian Gobi Desert. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2021
ISSN
1866-9557
eISSN
1866-9565
DOI
10.1007/s12520-021-01456-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The technological, stylistic, and chemical analyses of carnelian beads from archaeological sites in Mongolia provide evidence for local production and use of carnelian beads during the Late Bronze Age (c. 1400–1000 BCE) and Early Iron Age (1000–300 BCE) through the Xiongnu period (c. 250/200 BCE–CE 150). Beads dating to the historical Mongol Empire (c. twelfth to fourteenth centuries CE) demonstrate expanding trade networks that link eastern Eurasia to South Asia and beyond. Use-wear study of the exterior surfaces and interior drill holes demonstrates that carnelian beads were used and curated for many generations before being included in burials. These findings provide new insight into the daily life of ancient pastoral communities of the Mongolian Gobi Desert.

Journal

Archaeological and Anthropological SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 1, 2022

Keywords: Mongolia; Carnelian; Bead production; Geode; Perforation; Sourcing

References