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CaatingaPeople and Natural Resources in the Caatinga

Caatinga: People and Natural Resources in the Caatinga [The interaction of people with the natural environment is ancient. Humans have great power to transform the natural environment and to interfere with the food chain and the processes that enable the renewal of populations of other species. The needs and demands for subsistence and economic growth convert natural systems to social-ecological systems. This chapter aims to highlight the findings of studies on the interactions of human populations with animal and plant resources in the Caatinga. In this type of ecosystem, seasonal and inter-annual variations in the rainfall pattern and the unpredictability of the total annual rainfall as well as the length of each season and the occurrence of interrupting events in the duration of each season in time and space have great influences on ecosystem functioning and the life dynamics of human populations. The collection of forest products and the hunting of wild animals of the Caatinga generate transformations in habitat conditions and often diversify the types of forest microhabitats. This ultimately affects not only the life cycle of resource use but also the dynamics of other species and over the medium- and long-term, the sustainability of human practices and the dynamics of the entire social-ecological system. Thus, we discuss the role of people in ecological processes and identify gaps that need to be filled for a change in perception and the integration of humans in ecological studies.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

CaatingaPeople and Natural Resources in the Caatinga

Editors: Silva, José Maria Cardoso da; Leal, Inara R.; Tabarelli, Marcelo
Caatinga — Aug 30, 2017

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References (132)

Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© Springer International Publishing AG 2017
ISBN
978-3-319-68338-6
Pages
303 –333
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-68339-3_11
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[The interaction of people with the natural environment is ancient. Humans have great power to transform the natural environment and to interfere with the food chain and the processes that enable the renewal of populations of other species. The needs and demands for subsistence and economic growth convert natural systems to social-ecological systems. This chapter aims to highlight the findings of studies on the interactions of human populations with animal and plant resources in the Caatinga. In this type of ecosystem, seasonal and inter-annual variations in the rainfall pattern and the unpredictability of the total annual rainfall as well as the length of each season and the occurrence of interrupting events in the duration of each season in time and space have great influences on ecosystem functioning and the life dynamics of human populations. The collection of forest products and the hunting of wild animals of the Caatinga generate transformations in habitat conditions and often diversify the types of forest microhabitats. This ultimately affects not only the life cycle of resource use but also the dynamics of other species and over the medium- and long-term, the sustainability of human practices and the dynamics of the entire social-ecological system. Thus, we discuss the role of people in ecological processes and identify gaps that need to be filled for a change in perception and the integration of humans in ecological studies.]

Published: Aug 30, 2017

Keywords: Ecological anthropology; Ethnobiology; Ethnobotany; Ethnoecology; Ethnozoology; Human ecology

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