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Biodiversity and Molecular Characterization of Drosophilids (Drosophilidae: Diptera) from Indian Himalayan Region

Biodiversity and Molecular Characterization of Drosophilids (Drosophilidae: Diptera) from Indian... The Indian Himalayan region with its wide-ranging physiographic conditions offers a suitable habitat for a comprehensive distribution of drosophilid fauna and considered as a hotspot of biodiversity. Drosophilid acts as a potential indicator of biodiversity in different regions. Some of these flies are endemic, while others are cosmopolitan in distribution. Studies on diversity of drosophilid fauna have taken rapid progress in recent times in India. Several molecular markers have also been used for the identification and establishment of phylogenetic relation. The present review compares the drosophilid species diversity from the North-eastern and western region of Indian Himalaya that has been explored so far till date. Around 172 species of 19 genera have been reported from this region, several of them being new to science viz., Drosophila, Leucophenga, Lordiphosa, Hirtodrosophila, Scaptodrosophila, Phortica, Paraleucophenga, Scaptomyza, Zaprionus,Amiota, Dettopsomyia, Gitona, Hypselothyrea, Liodrosophila, Microdrosophila, Mulgravea, Mycodrosophila, Nesiodrosophila, Stegana with the genus Drosophila being the dominant one. Data on mitochondrial COI, COII and 16S rRNA gene has been collated to portray the comprehensive molecular-identification and phylogenetic relationship among the drosophilids collected in various studies conducted at Indian Himalayan regions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Proceedings of the Zoological Society Springer Journals

Biodiversity and Molecular Characterization of Drosophilids (Drosophilidae: Diptera) from Indian Himalayan Region

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Zoological Society, Kolkata, India 2022. Springer Nature or its licensor holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.
ISSN
0373-5893
eISSN
0974-6919
DOI
10.1007/s12595-022-00444-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Indian Himalayan region with its wide-ranging physiographic conditions offers a suitable habitat for a comprehensive distribution of drosophilid fauna and considered as a hotspot of biodiversity. Drosophilid acts as a potential indicator of biodiversity in different regions. Some of these flies are endemic, while others are cosmopolitan in distribution. Studies on diversity of drosophilid fauna have taken rapid progress in recent times in India. Several molecular markers have also been used for the identification and establishment of phylogenetic relation. The present review compares the drosophilid species diversity from the North-eastern and western region of Indian Himalaya that has been explored so far till date. Around 172 species of 19 genera have been reported from this region, several of them being new to science viz., Drosophila, Leucophenga, Lordiphosa, Hirtodrosophila, Scaptodrosophila, Phortica, Paraleucophenga, Scaptomyza, Zaprionus,Amiota, Dettopsomyia, Gitona, Hypselothyrea, Liodrosophila, Microdrosophila, Mulgravea, Mycodrosophila, Nesiodrosophila, Stegana with the genus Drosophila being the dominant one. Data on mitochondrial COI, COII and 16S rRNA gene has been collated to portray the comprehensive molecular-identification and phylogenetic relationship among the drosophilids collected in various studies conducted at Indian Himalayan regions.

Journal

Proceedings of the Zoological SocietySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: Indian Himalayan region; Biodiversity; Drosophilids; Molecular markers; Mitochondrial gene; Molecular phylogeny

References