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Assessing Dental Students’ HPV Health Literacy and Intention to Engage in HPV-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevention

Assessing Dental Students’ HPV Health Literacy and Intention to Engage in HPV-Related... Oropharyngeal cancer has become the new face of HPV-related cancers, and this alarming growth highlights the pivotal role dentists can play in prevention. This study aims to identify current HPV-related curricula taught across US dental schools and evaluate HPV health literacy and intention to engage in HPV prevention among US dental students. The dental school curricula included responses from 40 Academic Deans (61% response rate). The 4-item survey focused on understanding HPV-related content in dental school curricula and was administered via Qualtrics. A 31-item paper survey was administered to dental students (N = 109) at a southeastern dental school assessing HPV health literacy, scope of practice, willingness to administer HPV vaccine, self-efficacy in HPV prevention, and basic demographics. Data were collected between February and May 2018. Over 40 courses were identified and included HPV-related content in multiple disciplines including oral and general pathology, immunology, oral medicine, microbiology, infectious diseases, public health, and oral health management among others. Among dental students, over half were female (61%), non-Hispanic White (61%), with a mean age of 26 and in their first (48%) or third year of dental school (52%). Results indicate some HPV knowledge gaps. Most dental students believe HPV prevention is within their scope of practice; however, 56% reported feeling somewhat/not at all confident in recommending the vaccine and performing oral cancer exams. Our data supports the timeliness and need to strengthen HPV-related content in dental school curricula to effectively train and engage future dental providers in HPV prevention. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cancer Education Springer Journals

Assessing Dental Students’ HPV Health Literacy and Intention to Engage in HPV-Related Oropharyngeal Cancer Prevention

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © American Association for Cancer Education 2020
ISSN
0885-8195
eISSN
1543-0154
DOI
10.1007/s13187-020-01905-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Oropharyngeal cancer has become the new face of HPV-related cancers, and this alarming growth highlights the pivotal role dentists can play in prevention. This study aims to identify current HPV-related curricula taught across US dental schools and evaluate HPV health literacy and intention to engage in HPV prevention among US dental students. The dental school curricula included responses from 40 Academic Deans (61% response rate). The 4-item survey focused on understanding HPV-related content in dental school curricula and was administered via Qualtrics. A 31-item paper survey was administered to dental students (N = 109) at a southeastern dental school assessing HPV health literacy, scope of practice, willingness to administer HPV vaccine, self-efficacy in HPV prevention, and basic demographics. Data were collected between February and May 2018. Over 40 courses were identified and included HPV-related content in multiple disciplines including oral and general pathology, immunology, oral medicine, microbiology, infectious diseases, public health, and oral health management among others. Among dental students, over half were female (61%), non-Hispanic White (61%), with a mean age of 26 and in their first (48%) or third year of dental school (52%). Results indicate some HPV knowledge gaps. Most dental students believe HPV prevention is within their scope of practice; however, 56% reported feeling somewhat/not at all confident in recommending the vaccine and performing oral cancer exams. Our data supports the timeliness and need to strengthen HPV-related content in dental school curricula to effectively train and engage future dental providers in HPV prevention.

Journal

Journal of Cancer EducationSpringer Journals

Published: Aug 1, 2022

Keywords: HPV-related oropharyngeal cancer; Health literacy; Cancer prevention; Dental education

References