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Arc spot scanning of tube electrodes in gas-vortex plasmatorches

Arc spot scanning of tube electrodes in gas-vortex plasmatorches Abstract The peculiarities of cooling of stationary working hot and cold cathodes are under consideration. Scientific premises of the advisability of the tube electrodes arc-spot scanning are presented. The classification of the scanning methods is given. The assumption has been made that the phenomena of auto-electron emission of electrons in vacuum discharge tubes and in arc chambers of plasmatorches under the pressure equal or above atmospheric are somehow similar. The optimum scanning frequency and achievable values of the end-face tube cathode life-time have been estimated. Owing to the magnetic scanning, the area of the electrode surface, which is swept by the arc spot, increases one order or more, resulting in better cooling and reduced specific erosion. The continuous electrode lifetime becomes several orders longer than it is during the work without scanning. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Thermophysics and Aeromechanics Springer Journals

Arc spot scanning of tube electrodes in gas-vortex plasmatorches

Thermophysics and Aeromechanics , Volume 15 (2): 14 – Jun 1, 2008

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
2008 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
ISSN
0869-8643
eISSN
1531-8699
DOI
10.1134/S0869864308020145
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract The peculiarities of cooling of stationary working hot and cold cathodes are under consideration. Scientific premises of the advisability of the tube electrodes arc-spot scanning are presented. The classification of the scanning methods is given. The assumption has been made that the phenomena of auto-electron emission of electrons in vacuum discharge tubes and in arc chambers of plasmatorches under the pressure equal or above atmospheric are somehow similar. The optimum scanning frequency and achievable values of the end-face tube cathode life-time have been estimated. Owing to the magnetic scanning, the area of the electrode surface, which is swept by the arc spot, increases one order or more, resulting in better cooling and reduced specific erosion. The continuous electrode lifetime becomes several orders longer than it is during the work without scanning.

Journal

Thermophysics and AeromechanicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2008

References