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Application of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Rice Characterization Using Machine Learning

Application of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Rice Characterization Using Machine Learning Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was investigated to relate the intrinsic properties of rice to its extrinsic properties, and thereby, to provide a better solution at the consumer’s level for identification of rice characteristics. Spectral data in the wavelength range of 740–1070 nm are collected with the help of a portable NIR sensor and processed with machine learning techniques were used to develop a rapid predictive model for on-site evaluation of rice quality. Rice properties like glycemic index (GI), amylose content (AC) and viscogram, obtained from laboratory measurements, were mapped to the spectral data employing the machine learning techniques like principal component analysis, linear discriminant analysis, random forest classifier and partial least square (PLS). The regression coefficient and root mean squared error of the PLS model for AC estimation are 0.715 and 1.736; however, a lower value for regression coefficient was obtained for the GI model. Similarly, a confusion matrix of 100% true value prediction was obtained at lower AC values, 83% at high AC values; however, at intermediate range of AC confusion matrix yielded 60% true value prediction. A comparison of classification of rice for parboiling, based on the viscogram and NIR spectral data, revealed that the NIR data produce better clusters with Euclidean distance of 5.46 units between the centroid of the closest clusters, viz., open parboiled and pressure parboiled. The developed model was used to develop a smartphone-based applet for the estimation of AC in rice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series A Springer Journals

Application of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy for Rice Characterization Using Machine Learning

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Institution of Engineers (India) 2020
ISSN
2250-2149
eISSN
2250-2157
DOI
10.1007/s40030-020-00459-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was investigated to relate the intrinsic properties of rice to its extrinsic properties, and thereby, to provide a better solution at the consumer’s level for identification of rice characteristics. Spectral data in the wavelength range of 740–1070 nm are collected with the help of a portable NIR sensor and processed with machine learning techniques were used to develop a rapid predictive model for on-site evaluation of rice quality. Rice properties like glycemic index (GI), amylose content (AC) and viscogram, obtained from laboratory measurements, were mapped to the spectral data employing the machine learning techniques like principal component analysis, linear discriminant analysis, random forest classifier and partial least square (PLS). The regression coefficient and root mean squared error of the PLS model for AC estimation are 0.715 and 1.736; however, a lower value for regression coefficient was obtained for the GI model. Similarly, a confusion matrix of 100% true value prediction was obtained at lower AC values, 83% at high AC values; however, at intermediate range of AC confusion matrix yielded 60% true value prediction. A comparison of classification of rice for parboiling, based on the viscogram and NIR spectral data, revealed that the NIR data produce better clusters with Euclidean distance of 5.46 units between the centroid of the closest clusters, viz., open parboiled and pressure parboiled. The developed model was used to develop a smartphone-based applet for the estimation of AC in rice.

Journal

Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India): Series ASpringer Journals

Published: Dec 3, 2020

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