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Analytical assessment of the intense heat load of whipping cream, coffee cream, and condensed milk at retail in Austria and Germany

Analytical assessment of the intense heat load of whipping cream, coffee cream, and condensed... Time temperature integrators (TTIs) are useful tools in estimating the heat load applied on differently processed dairy products. The objective of this study was to analyze and assess three TTIs – lactulose, furosine, and acid-soluble β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) – in 70 high heated dairy products at retail in Austria and Germany comprising whipping cream, coffee cream/milk, and condensed milk products. While β-Lg was not appropriate to evaluate the heat load of these products, furosine and especially lactulose increased with rising intensity of heat treatment, and are appropriate to distinguish between several heating categories analyzed. Pasteurized (n = 8) and “heat treated” (n = 5) whipping cream samples showed lowest furosine (48 ± 14/ 45 ± 19 mg.100 g−1 protein) and low lactulose (29 ± 10/57 ± 28 mg.L−1) concentrations, followed by ESL whipping cream (n = 10), ESL coffee cream (n = 1), and UHT whipping cream (n = 10) (furosine = 72 ± 37/71/161 ± 30 mg.100 g−1 protein; lactulose = 56 ± 41/161/195 ± 39 mg.L−1), respectively. Sterilized condensed milk samples (n = 14) showed the highest concentrations of both TTIs and could be clearly separated from UHT treated samples (n = 5) (furosine = 491 ± 196/216 ± 46 mg.100 g−1 protein; lactulose = 1997 ± 658/409 ± 161 mg.L−1), whereas the so-called heat-treated samples (n = 9) had a heat load in between showing an extreme range of variation for both TTIs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Dairy Science & Technology Springer Journals

Analytical assessment of the intense heat load of whipping cream, coffee cream, and condensed milk at retail in Austria and Germany

Dairy Science & Technology , Volume 96 (5) – Jun 17, 2016

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Author(s)
Subject
Chemistry; Food Science; Agriculture; Microbiology
ISSN
1958-5586
eISSN
1958-5594
DOI
10.1007/s13594-016-0295-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Time temperature integrators (TTIs) are useful tools in estimating the heat load applied on differently processed dairy products. The objective of this study was to analyze and assess three TTIs – lactulose, furosine, and acid-soluble β-lactoglobulin (β-Lg) – in 70 high heated dairy products at retail in Austria and Germany comprising whipping cream, coffee cream/milk, and condensed milk products. While β-Lg was not appropriate to evaluate the heat load of these products, furosine and especially lactulose increased with rising intensity of heat treatment, and are appropriate to distinguish between several heating categories analyzed. Pasteurized (n = 8) and “heat treated” (n = 5) whipping cream samples showed lowest furosine (48 ± 14/ 45 ± 19 mg.100 g−1 protein) and low lactulose (29 ± 10/57 ± 28 mg.L−1) concentrations, followed by ESL whipping cream (n = 10), ESL coffee cream (n = 1), and UHT whipping cream (n = 10) (furosine = 72 ± 37/71/161 ± 30 mg.100 g−1 protein; lactulose = 56 ± 41/161/195 ± 39 mg.L−1), respectively. Sterilized condensed milk samples (n = 14) showed the highest concentrations of both TTIs and could be clearly separated from UHT treated samples (n = 5) (furosine = 491 ± 196/216 ± 46 mg.100 g−1 protein; lactulose = 1997 ± 658/409 ± 161 mg.L−1), whereas the so-called heat-treated samples (n = 9) had a heat load in between showing an extreme range of variation for both TTIs.

Journal

Dairy Science & TechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 17, 2016

References