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Analysis of the Role of the Structural Characteristics of Surgical Meshes on the Tensile Properties in Different Directions

Analysis of the Role of the Structural Characteristics of Surgical Meshes on the Tensile... A medical textile most used for hernia healing and pelvic prolapse organ treatment is surgical mesh. The tensile properties of the mesh play a vital role in the success of treatments based on surgical mesh. Although the probability of hernia recurrence using surgical mesh has dramatically reduced, side effects such as infection and adhesion persist. Most of these complications are related to the surgical mesh structure. Research has continued to improve surgical meshes structures. For this purpose, common net warp-knitted fabrics in surgical mesh production produced with five knit patterns using polypropylene monofilament. Tensile properties of produced meshes were investigated in five different directions (0 ° (course), 30 °, 45 °, 60 °, and 90 ° (wale)), and the role of the mesh structural characteristics on their tensile properties have been analyzed. The results reveal that variations of the studied meshes’ tensile properties in different directions can be justified based on the structural characteristics. Due to the importance of lightness, greater porosity, larger pore size, and more isotropy for surgical mesh, among the considered structures, sandfly is proposed as the best knit-pattern for surgical mesh production. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Fibers and Polymers Springer Journals

Analysis of the Role of the Structural Characteristics of Surgical Meshes on the Tensile Properties in Different Directions

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Korean Fiber Society for Fibers and Polymers and Springer 2021
ISSN
1229-9197
eISSN
1875-0052
DOI
10.1007/s12221-021-0348-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A medical textile most used for hernia healing and pelvic prolapse organ treatment is surgical mesh. The tensile properties of the mesh play a vital role in the success of treatments based on surgical mesh. Although the probability of hernia recurrence using surgical mesh has dramatically reduced, side effects such as infection and adhesion persist. Most of these complications are related to the surgical mesh structure. Research has continued to improve surgical meshes structures. For this purpose, common net warp-knitted fabrics in surgical mesh production produced with five knit patterns using polypropylene monofilament. Tensile properties of produced meshes were investigated in five different directions (0 ° (course), 30 °, 45 °, 60 °, and 90 ° (wale)), and the role of the mesh structural characteristics on their tensile properties have been analyzed. The results reveal that variations of the studied meshes’ tensile properties in different directions can be justified based on the structural characteristics. Due to the importance of lightness, greater porosity, larger pore size, and more isotropy for surgical mesh, among the considered structures, sandfly is proposed as the best knit-pattern for surgical mesh production.

Journal

Fibers and PolymersSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2021

Keywords: Surgical mesh; Tensile properties; Hernia healing; Structural characteristics; Medical textiles

References