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An Experimental Study on the Mechanical and Thermal Behaviour of Composite Concrete Based Hammam

An Experimental Study on the Mechanical and Thermal Behaviour of Composite Concrete Based Hammam Hammam, a traditional room utilized for heating houses during cold winters, employs a primitive method involving a hollow base over a stone panel slab where firewood is burned for a couple of hours. This process heats the limestone stone panels and the room. However, using concrete in hammam construction, coupled with exposure to high temperatures, significantly diminishes mechanical, thermal, and durability properties. To address this issue, this study investigates the behaviour of composite concrete, explicitly focusing on the fire performance of fibre-reinforced concrete. The primary objective of this research is to determine whether concrete panels made of composite concrete can replace the limestone stone panels in hammam construction. Such a substitution would considerably reduce the cost of hammam construction while preventing the adverse environmental impacts associated with mining. Mechanical and thermal properties of individual composite concrete cubes were tested, followed by the construction of a prototype hammam using the same composite concrete. This prototype was subjected to testing for compressive strength and heat retention. The results indicated that the specific heat capacity of composite concrete slab panels exceeded that of limestone stone panels by 33j/kg/°C. However, the compressive strength, tensile strength, and mass loss of composite concrete cubes decreased as the temperature increased. Based on these findings, it is feasible to replace the limestone stone panels in hammam construction with composite concrete panels. Nonetheless, it is essential to address the potential loss of mechanical properties resulting from this substitution. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) Series A Springer Journals

An Experimental Study on the Mechanical and Thermal Behaviour of Composite Concrete Based Hammam

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References (27)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Institution of Engineers (India) 2023. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.
ISSN
2250-2149
eISSN
2250-2157
DOI
10.1007/s40030-023-00755-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Hammam, a traditional room utilized for heating houses during cold winters, employs a primitive method involving a hollow base over a stone panel slab where firewood is burned for a couple of hours. This process heats the limestone stone panels and the room. However, using concrete in hammam construction, coupled with exposure to high temperatures, significantly diminishes mechanical, thermal, and durability properties. To address this issue, this study investigates the behaviour of composite concrete, explicitly focusing on the fire performance of fibre-reinforced concrete. The primary objective of this research is to determine whether concrete panels made of composite concrete can replace the limestone stone panels in hammam construction. Such a substitution would considerably reduce the cost of hammam construction while preventing the adverse environmental impacts associated with mining. Mechanical and thermal properties of individual composite concrete cubes were tested, followed by the construction of a prototype hammam using the same composite concrete. This prototype was subjected to testing for compressive strength and heat retention. The results indicated that the specific heat capacity of composite concrete slab panels exceeded that of limestone stone panels by 33j/kg/°C. However, the compressive strength, tensile strength, and mass loss of composite concrete cubes decreased as the temperature increased. Based on these findings, it is feasible to replace the limestone stone panels in hammam construction with composite concrete panels. Nonetheless, it is essential to address the potential loss of mechanical properties resulting from this substitution.

Journal

Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) Series ASpringer Journals

Published: Dec 1, 2023

Keywords: Hammam; High alumina cement; Limestone; Compressive strength; Tensile strength; Mass loss; Polypropylene fibre; Elevated temperature; Environmental safety

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