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An Audit of Breast Conservation Surgery for Breast Cancer — a 7-Year Experience from Southern India

An Audit of Breast Conservation Surgery for Breast Cancer — a 7-Year Experience from Southern India To audit the use of breast conservation surgery for breast cancer treatment in a tertiary care centre over a 7-year period, and also to chart the clinical, demographic and pathological characteristics of breast cancer patients treated in the setting of a referral centre in a middle income (MDI) group country. A retrospective analysis of the case records of all patients of invasive breast cancer treated at our institute between January 2014 and December 2020 was done after obtaining approval from the Institute Ethics Committee (IEC). The number of patients seen, age, parity, menopausal status, family history of cancer, laterality, site of tumour in the breast, the symptomatology, clinical stage and presence or absence of metastases was the clinical parameters examined. The pathological stage and grade of the tumour, receptor status, treatment offered according to stage and the patterns of failure with respect to the surgery performed were recorded. Statistical analysis was a direct head to head comparison of the percentage proportions of the different variables. A total of 685 patients of breast cancer were treated between January 2014 and December 2020. A total of 53% of the cohort was more than 45 years old and 56.7% were post menopausal. A total of 58.8% of the patients presented with a cancer in the left breast and in the upper outer quadrant. Nearly 41% of the tumours were more than 4 cm in size. The most common receptor profile in our patient population was ER positive, PR positive and HER 2 negative. A total of 27.7% of the patients were offered neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and 63.06% underwent upfront surgery. A total of 19.7% of all surgeries performed (overall) were breast conservation surgeries (BCS). The use of BCS showed an increasing trend over the 7 years studied rising from 16.79 to 25% (annually). The local failure rate for BCS was 11.8% but the incidence of distant metastases was not significantly different compared to the patients who underwent a mastectomy. Breast conservation is safe and feasible in a referral setting even in a middle income nation with multi-disciplinary treatment planning and needs to be adopted widely to preserve the body image and self esteem of patients with breast cancer. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology Springer Journals

An Audit of Breast Conservation Surgery for Breast Cancer — a 7-Year Experience from Southern India

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Indian Association of Surgical Oncology 2022
ISSN
0975-7651
eISSN
0976-6952
DOI
10.1007/s13193-022-01532-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

To audit the use of breast conservation surgery for breast cancer treatment in a tertiary care centre over a 7-year period, and also to chart the clinical, demographic and pathological characteristics of breast cancer patients treated in the setting of a referral centre in a middle income (MDI) group country. A retrospective analysis of the case records of all patients of invasive breast cancer treated at our institute between January 2014 and December 2020 was done after obtaining approval from the Institute Ethics Committee (IEC). The number of patients seen, age, parity, menopausal status, family history of cancer, laterality, site of tumour in the breast, the symptomatology, clinical stage and presence or absence of metastases was the clinical parameters examined. The pathological stage and grade of the tumour, receptor status, treatment offered according to stage and the patterns of failure with respect to the surgery performed were recorded. Statistical analysis was a direct head to head comparison of the percentage proportions of the different variables. A total of 685 patients of breast cancer were treated between January 2014 and December 2020. A total of 53% of the cohort was more than 45 years old and 56.7% were post menopausal. A total of 58.8% of the patients presented with a cancer in the left breast and in the upper outer quadrant. Nearly 41% of the tumours were more than 4 cm in size. The most common receptor profile in our patient population was ER positive, PR positive and HER 2 negative. A total of 27.7% of the patients were offered neo-adjuvant chemotherapy and 63.06% underwent upfront surgery. A total of 19.7% of all surgeries performed (overall) were breast conservation surgeries (BCS). The use of BCS showed an increasing trend over the 7 years studied rising from 16.79 to 25% (annually). The local failure rate for BCS was 11.8% but the incidence of distant metastases was not significantly different compared to the patients who underwent a mastectomy. Breast conservation is safe and feasible in a referral setting even in a middle income nation with multi-disciplinary treatment planning and needs to be adopted widely to preserve the body image and self esteem of patients with breast cancer.

Journal

Indian Journal of Surgical OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 18, 2022

Keywords: Breast conservation surgery; Audit; Trends; Multi-disciplinary management

References