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A review of the ornithological knowledge of the northern Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil

A review of the ornithological knowledge of the northern Serra do Mar mountains in the state of... Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 15–44. ARTICLE March 2018 A review of the ornithological knowledge of the northern Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil 1,2,3,6 2 4 5 Fabio Schunck , José Fernando Pacheco , Alexsander Z. Antunes , Ricardo Luís Gagliardi 2,3 & Luís Fábio Silveira Pós-Graduação, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo. Rua do Matão, 101, travessa 14, 05508-090, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – CBRO. Seção de Aves, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Seção de Animais Silvestres, Divisão de Dasonomia do Instituto Florestal, Rua do Horto, 931, 02377-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Maracanã, 20550-013, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Corresponding author: fabio_schunck@yahoo.com.br Received on 05 March 2017. Accepted on 05 February 2018. ABSTRACT: The northern portion of the Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, near the border with the state of Rio de Janeiro, including a portion of the Rio Paraíba Valley, ranges between 450 and 1900 m a.s.l. in altitude and is composed of sub- montane and montane Atlantic Forest. It is unique in that the ornithological knowledge of the region can be traced back to the 19th century. Here we present a compilation of historical and recent data, including intensive field work undertaken between 1989 and 2015 in nine natural areas as well as the Bananal Ecological Station (BES), the only protected area in the region. A total of 371 bird species were recorded in the Bananal region and can be separated into two main bird communities, those of the higher Serra de Bananal and those of the lowlands of the Paraíba Valley. These are typical of the avifauna of the mountainous regions of the Serra do Mar and the Paraíba Valley, respectively. Of the above species, 23 lacked any recent records with a single possible extinction, 257 were recorded in the BES, 111 are endemic to the Atlantic Forest and 15 are listed as threatened. Despite its small size compared to other protected areas in the Serra do Mar, the BES and its surrounding areas have well preserved regional characteristics and are highlighted as an important area for bird conservation in the northern portion of the Serra do Mar in São Paulo. KEY-WORDS: Atlantic Forest, Bananal, Bocaina, Paraíba Valley, threatened species. INTRODUCTION São Paulo. In 1818 he collected along the Tropeiros Road, a route that once connected the cities of Rio de Janeiro and The Serra da Bocaina is located a long the border between São Paulo. Peter Lund (October 1833), E. Garbe (August the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and is part 1909), and H. Lüderwaldt (May 1924) later undertook of the Serra do Mar, a complex of mountain ranges that shorter expeditions (Pinto 1950, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. extend from the state of Santa Catarina to Rio de Janeiro. 1991, Willis & Oniki 2003). The first attempts to describe the avifauna of this region were made by A. Schneider, It has a pronounced altitudinal gradient ranging from sea level to over 2000 m a.s.l. (Almeida & Carneiro 1998). who collected at the locality known as the Sertão das This provides a range of environmental conditions that Cobras in August and September 1940 and February influence the composition of the region's avifauna, which 1942 (Pacheco & Bauer 1995). Another attempt was surpasses 400 species and has been considered as one of made by an expedition led by the Zoology Department of the Secretary of Agriculture of the state of São Paulo the richest in the Atlantic Forest (Mallet-Rodrigues et al. 2015). As well as harbouring a large number of threatened (currently the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de and restricted range species, the Serra da Bocaina also São Paulo, MZUSP) which in August 1941 collected shelters about 60% of the species endemic to the Atlantic specimens in the region of the Serra de Bananal and Forest, the highest of any Brazilian IBA - Important Bird the “alto Rio Paca region/Fazenda Califórnia” (Pinto 1941, 1944, 1945). Additional material was collected in Area (Bencke et al. 2006). The Austrian naturalist Johan Natterer explored t he 1952, 1961, 1965 and 1977, and several ornithologists southern portion of the Serra da Bocaina, in the state of sporadically visited the Serra da Bocaina region, including Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Werner Bokermann (November 1964), E. Willis (8 visits 884 ha and is located in the municipality of Bananal, in between January 1985 and November 1996) and Dante the northern portion of the Serra do Mar/Bocaina, São Buzzetti and Jeremy Minns, who made expeditions to Paulo state, on the border with Rio de Janeiro (Fig. 1). Bananal Biological Station in 1995, 1996, 2003, 2004 It has an altitudinal gradient ranging between 1200 and and 2005, the data being partially published by Minns 1900 m a.s.l. with montane forest as the predominant et al. (2010). Specimens collected were deposited in the vegetation type (Fig. 2). However, cloud forest, Araucaria Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, MZUSP, and Forest, bamboo (Chusquea spp. and Merostachys sp.), the Field Museum of Natural History (Sick & Teixeira natural grassland and degraded areas in different stages of 1979, Willis & Oniki 1985, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. succession are also present near the station. We sampled 1991, Fonseca & Pacheco 2000, Willis & Oniki 2003). the avifauna at five main areas: Pedra Vermelha/Córrego As a result, ornithological knowledge of the Serra do Barbosa Trail, Ouro-Mirante Trail, Invernada Road, da Bocaina has accumulated over two centuries and it Encosta and Cachoeira Sete Quedas Trail, all close o o is certainly one of the few regions of the entire Atlantic to the headquarters (22 47'53''S; 44 21'35''W, 1200 Forest domain to have been continuously studied. m a.s.l.) and its access roads (Fig. 1). They all have This provides a unique opportunity for comparisons similar vegetation characteristics and consist mostly of to be made over a long time span. Here, we present a secondary forest in an advanced state of regeneration compilation of the existing ornithological knowledge of with relatively well defined verti cal stratification and an the area, based on historical data as well as the results herbaceous stratum composed of seedlings, terrestrial of intensive recent sampling expeditions to the region. bromeliads, and small ferns with a thick layer of litterfall. Changes in the bird community and biogeographical The understory reaches a height of between 5 and 10 m relationships have also been investigated by comparison and is characterized by the presence of Dicksonia ferns, of past and recent records. Geonoma palms, various vines and the saplings of many typical species, especially the Juçara Palm Euterpe edulis. The largest trees reach up to 20 m tall but a dense and METHODS continuous canopy has not yet formed along most of the sampling trails and is present only in certain areas, Study areas especially in the valley bottom. Another nine localities were also sampled: four on Bananal Ecological Station (BES): (Portuguese: Estação the slopes of the Paraíba Valley, at 450 m a.s.l. (B1, B2, B3 Ecológica de Bananal): this conservation unit conserves and B4), one intermediate area in the Serra de Bananal, at Figure 1. Location map of the Bananal Ecological Station-BES. The numbers correspond to the following localities: 1. Sertão das Cobras, 2. Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia), 3. vicinity of the BES, and some additional data contained in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991) (no exact locality and no indication on the map) and 4. Fazenda da Posse. The star indicates the location of the study areas within the BES. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Figure 2. View of a part of the Serra de Bananal. Photo author: F. Schunck. 1100 m a.s.l. (A) and another four near the BES, between portion of the BES, with which it is contiguous, the 900 and 1400 m a.s.l. (E1, E2, E3 and E4) (Fig. 1). All vegetation is similar to that found in the BES. It is adjoins had phytophysionomies similar to those found in the Fazenda Albion, which belongs to the same family. BES, besides areas with pristine vegetation, open or at Trilha do Pico Vermelho (E2) (22 47'17''S; other transitional stages of succession, according to the 44 21'58''W, 1400 m a.s.l.): located nearly 6 km from descriptions below. the eastern portion of the BES, the vegetation is mostly o o Sertão da Bocaina (A) (22 48'00''S; 44 27'49''W, similar to that found at the BES. 1100 m a.s.l.): located 8 km SW of the BES, near the Fazenda Conceição Rio do Braço (E3) (22 49'36''S; Trutário Aqua, it possesses a large artificial lake and 44 19'21''W, 900 m a.s.l.): located about 5 km from the a couple of areas of pasture and shrubby secondary southeastern portion of the BES, the property contains vegetation. Regenerating mountain forest covers the a clearing of 1 km by 300 m surrounded by primary surrounding slopes. mountain forest or forest in an advanced state of Forest fragment near Fazenda Três Barras (B1) regeneration. o o o (22 38'21''S; 44 17'59''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in Brejo Grande da Madeireira (E4) (22 49'09''S; the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it contains thick seasonal 44 21'39''W, 1000 m a.s.l.): a marshy area 1.5 km long, semideciduous forest within a pastureland matrix with running along the southern edge of the BES, consisting influence from the Bananal River, which forms its eastern of predominantly shrubby vegetation on waterlogged border. soils with an abundance of sedges. Forest fragment near Fazenda Boa Vista (B2) o o (22 39'59''S; 44 14'08''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in Bird sampling the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it contains thick seasonal semideciduous forest within a pastureland matrix, much Bananal Ecological Station (BES): field work at the BES of which were coffee plantations until some decades ago. was undertaken over seven field trips between 2003 and Fazenda Coqueiros fragment (B3) (22 41'01''S; 2015, with a total of 46 days of sampling (270 h; Table 1). 44 22'06''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in the Paraíba Valley The first, second and fourth field trips were undertaken lowlands, it consists of seasonal semideciduous forest on by the MZUSP team, the third by the Instituto Florestal what was previously a farm. de São Paulo and the fifth, sixth and sevenths by J.F.P., o o Estrada do Sertão (B4) (22 43'31''S; 44 21'58''W, R.L.G. and other collaborators (Table 1). 450 m a.s.l.): located in the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it Birds were sampled by active searches, mist netting, consists predominantly of shrubby thicket vegetation in and collection with shotguns for deposition in the bird a pastureland matrix. Observations were made from the collection at MZUSP. Ten mist nets (12 × 2 m, 30 mm road. mesh) were opened along transects in areas 1, 4 and 5 o o Fazenda Encontro (E1) (22 47'30''S; 44 22'46''W, in the morning (between 5:00 h and 6:00 h) and closed 1200 m a.s.l.): located about 5 km from the northeastern in the evening (between 17:30 h and 18:00 h) for 20 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Table 1. Data from field trips at Bananal E cological Station (BES) and in the Bananal region, Brazil. Locality Field trip Hours field Researchers Field period BES 1 90:00 h L.F. Silveira, M. Sboarim & F. Belmonte between 01–20 December 2003 BES 2 120 h F. Schunck between 13–25 April 2004 BES 3 30 h A.Z. Antunes between 13–16 September 2011 BES 4 20 h L.F. Silveira, L.M. Lima & C.O.A. Gussoni between 12–19 December 2011 BES 5 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 20 February 2012 BES 6 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 07 September 2012 BES 7 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 01 January 2015 A 8a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 31 December 2012 A 9a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 30 March 2013 A 10a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco & F. Traiano 16 November 2013 A 11a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 02 March 2014 B1 1a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 24 September 1989 B1 2a 1:00 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 16 December 1990 B1 3a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer 03 January 1993 B1 4a 12:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi between 18–22 February 2012 B1 6a 12:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi between 12–14 October 2012 B1 13a 15:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 02–05 April 2015 B2 6a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 14 October 2012 B2 11a 2:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 March 2014 B2 13a 4:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 and 04 April 2015 B3 6a 6:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 13–14 October 2012 B3 13a 3:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03–04 April 2015 B4 1a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 24 September 1989 B4 3a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer 03 January 1993 B4 4a 4:00 h J F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 18–19 and 22 February 2012 B4 5a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 07–09 September 2012 B4 7a 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 02–04 November 2012 B4 8a 2:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 28–30 December 2012; 01 January 2013 B4 9a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 28–31 March 2013 B4 10a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 15–17 November 2013 B4 11a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 01, 03 and 05 March 2014 B4 12a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 31 December 2014–04 January 2015 E1 1a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, B.M. Whitney & P.S.M. 23–24 September 1989 Fonseca E1 2a 8:00 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca between 15–16 December 1990 E1 3a 16:00 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer between 31 December 1992–02 January 1993 E1 4a 12:00 h J F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 18–22 February 2012 E1 5a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer between 07–09 September 2012 E1 7a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 03–04 November 2012 E1 8a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 28 December 2012–01 January 2013 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Locality Field trip Hours field Researchers Field period E1 9a 17:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi, P.S.M Fonseca, between 28–31 March 2013 L. Trindade & L. Florit E1 10a 20:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 15–17 November 2013 E1 11a 24:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 01–05 March 2014 E1 12a 34:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 31 December 2014–04 January 2015 E2 4a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 19–21 February 2012 E3 4a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 21 February 2012 E3 5a 7:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 08 September 2012 E3 7a 6:20 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 04 November 2012 E3 8a 6:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 30 December 2012 E3 9a 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Trindade 30 March 2013 E4 5a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 08 September 2012 E4 7a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 03 November 2012 E4 12a 4:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 31 December 2013 E4 9a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi, P.S.M. Fonseca, 29 March 2013 L. Trindade & L. Florit E4 11a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 March 2014 consecutive days, with a total sampling effort of 2360 net with photographic and vocalisation records of Brazilian h. On field trips 1, 2 and 4 we sampled for 960, 1200 birds, such as WikiAves (WA) and xeno-canto (XC) and 200 net h, respectively (Table 1). Species recorded (www.xeno-canto.org). The keywor ds used were Bananal within a 5 km perimeter of the BES during the third field and Serra da Bocaina and the searches were completed in trip are indicated as being from the “Surroundings” in January 2017. Reliable and documented records by the Appendix I. ex-manager of the BES were also considered. Localities A, B and E: field work in the areas outside Localities where ornithological studies were the BES was undertaken in twelve fie ld trips between undertaken in the past included: (1) Sertão das Cobras; 1989 and 2015, mainly by J.F.P., R.L.G. and other (2) Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia); (3) collaborators. This totalled 321.5 h of field work; 233 h proximity to BES, and some additional data contained at sites A and E and 88 h at site B (Table 1). Records in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991); (4) Fazenda da were made by direct searches undertaken at different Posse (for one specimen collected by J.L. Lima) and (5) times of the day, such that a single locality was sometimes Bananal region, published by Minns et al. (2010) (Fig. revisited multiple times on the same day, since they are 1). We also considered the data cited for the Bananal close together. region but without exact location in the compilation Birds were observed with the aid of 10 × 40 and 8.5 made by Willis & Oniki (2003) (denoted by an X in × 40 binoculars. Vocalizations were recorded with Sony Appendix I). TCM 5000-EV and PMD222 Marantz recorders and Sennheiser ME 66 and Mineroff shotgun microp hones. Data analyses Recordings are deposited in the Arquivo Sonoro da Seção de Aves do MZUSP and the online database WikiAves Since the Bananal region possesses considerable altitudinal (www.wikiaves.com.br). Some species were documented variation, ranging from 450 to 1900 m a.s.l., a cluster by photographs, which are presently only available in the analysis was carried out to detect possible differences in personal collections of the authors, but may be accessed the bird community composition in this portion of the upon request. The nomenclature and systematics follow northern Serra do Mar in São Paulo. PAST v. 2.16 was Piacentini et al. (2015). used to calculate the Euclidian distance between sites Historical data: ornithological data from the Bananal based on species presence/ absence data. region was obtained by extensively searching through To detect possible local extinctions in the Bananal museum catalogues, scientific articles, books, CD-ROMs, avifauna, the data available in the bibliography was personal data not published and open access websites compared with that obtained in field trips since 1989. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION immediate surroundings of the BES, in the higher regions of the Serra de Bananal (Pinto 2012, Guerra 2014). Both P. flavigula and M. manacus, along with Coccyzus We present records of 371 bird species in the Bananal region, belonging to 24 orders and 67 families. Of these, melacoryphus, were the only species with historical records 348 were recorded in the field, 112 were endemic to the that were not recorded during our field work in the higher Atlantic Forest (Bencke et al. 2006), one is considered regions of the Serra de Bananal. The bird community of the higher regions of the threatened in Brazil (MMA 2014), and 16 threatened in Serra do Bananal is very similar to recently published the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014). The total corresponds to approximately 48% of the avifauna of the data for the higher parts (between 1000 and 1600 m state of São Paulo (793 species; Silveira & Uezo 2011), a.s.l.) of the Serra da Bocaina (Mallet-Rodrigues et which is highly noteworthy when compared to other al. 2015). However, nine species recorded in the Serra de Bocaina were not found in the Serra do Bananal, reserves that have been studied in the state (Table 2 & namely Glaucidium brasilianum, Triclaria malachitacea, Appendix I). In spite of the difference in the sampling effort Dysithamnus stictothorax, Laniisoma elegans, Phylloscartes between the higher parts of the Serra do Bananal and the oustaleti, Myiothlypis rivularis and Sporophila falcirostris. Paraíba Valley (Table 1), the cluster analysis showed two We recorded a total of 257 bird species for the study sites in the Bananal Ecological Station (BES) between avifauna communities across the altitudinal gradient. The 2003 and 2015 (two more unpublished records made first (204 species) occurs in the Paraíba Valley, at around 450 m a.s.l. (B) and the second (314 species) in the higher in 1995 by D. Buzzetti bring the total to 259 species), an regions of the Serra da Bananal, between 900 and 1400 m important conservation area that until now had not been a.s.l. (A, E and BES) (Figs. 1 & 3, Appendix I). We found systematically inventoried. This is a very h igh level of species richness for a single relatively small nature reserve of only various species typical of higher parts of the Serra do Mar 884 ha (Table 2 & Appendix I). When compared to the in the Serra da Bananal, such as Chamaeza ruficauda and Lipaugus ater, whilst important elements of the avifauna region as a whole, 12 species were found to be restricted to from lower areas, such as Veniliornis maculifrons and this reserve whilst 38 were found in the surrounding areas Cantorchilus longirostris, were still present on the slopes of (E) but still had not been recorded within the boundaries of the reserve. These were, in general , species of open or the Paraíba Valley. Even with this apparently well-defined very specific habitats that do not exist or are rare within the trend, there were exceptions, such as the occurrence of Piculus flavigula at Sertão das Cobras and Manacus reserve (Fig. 1, Appendix I). manacus along the upper Rio Paca (nearly 1000 m a.s.l.) The spec ies accumulation curve for the BES shows (Pinto 1944). Both are usually associated with lowland that our estimate of species richness is reaching a stable asymptote, with few new additions being made in the areas (Sick 1997). Manacus manacus has also been found final expeditions but this is, in part, due to the fact that between 800–1000 m a.s.l. near Macaé de Cima, Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro state, where it was considered sampling was concentrated within the region around the uncommon (Pacheco et al. 2014). Other recent records reserve's headquarters. Further sampling in unsurveyed also show that V. maculifrons is present within the areas, especially with different habitats, would undoubtedly Table 2. Bird species richness in protected areas located in the Serra do Mar, São Paulo state. Number of Conservation Unit Area (ha) Source species Intervales State Park 354 41,700 Aleixo & Galetti 1997 and Vielliard & Silva 2001 Carlos Botelho State Park 370 37,644 Antunes et al. 2013 Turístico do Alto Ribeira State Park 319 35,772 Antunes & Eston 2010 Serra do Mar State Park, Curucutu Nucleus 373 36,134 Schunck et al. in prep. Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station 352 79,240 Develey et al. in prep. Boracéia Biological Station (including Casa 323 96 Cavarzere et al. 2010 Grande and part of Padre Dória Nucleus of Serra do Mar State Park) Bananal Ecological Station-BES 259 884 This study Serra do Mar State Park, Picinguaba Nucleus 254 47,000 Goerck 1997 Paranapiacaba Biological Reserve 183 336 Silveira 2009 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. increase the curve (Fig. 4). The avifauna of th e BES is typical of the mountain regions of the Serra do Mar/ Bocaina, with species that occur above 700 m in altitude, such as Hydropsalis forcipata, Stephanoxis lalandi, Hylopezus nattereri, Hemitriccus obsoletus and Stephanophorus diadematus as well as those that occur above 1000 m a.s.l., including Drymophila genei and Microspingus lateralis. The presence of game birds, particularly Tinamus solitarius and Penelope obscura, and species dependent on forests in a good state of conservation and/or that are threatened, such as Selenidera maculirostris, Carpornis cucullata and Onychorhynchus swainsoni, attests to the low degree of disturbance at the BES. Examples of unsampled habitats in the reserve are the montane or high altitude grasslands found in the highest portions of the reserve to which there is little or no access. These areas may contain bird species typical of this habitat, such as Polystictus superciliaris and Anthus hellmayri. Indeed, the former was collected in 1961 by Figure 3. Cluster pattern for ten studied points at Bananal J.L. Lima at Rio Mambucaba (1350 m a.s.l.), Fazenda region. The localities indicated by the letter B are located in da Posse (Fig. 1) and there are historical records of the the Paraíba Valley, at lower altitudes. The localities indicated latter for the Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). by the letters A and E are located in the Serra de Bananal, at Both species have recently been photographed in the higher altitudes. municipality of São José do Barreiro (Martins 2008, Torrubia 2014), relatively close to the Serra do Bananal, besides the fact that they are frequently recorded around Campos do Jordão and Cunha, always in natural open habitats (Willis & Oniki 2003). Penelope superciliaris was also recorded by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015) in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina. Attention is drawn to a large and varied group of Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. species that were not found in the BES during this study, 2003 2004 2011a 2011b 2012a 2012b 2015 including various migrants and/or common species, others that are more reclusive and still others that are Figure 4. Accumulation curve for the species recorded at the difficult to identify in the field. Nevertheless, all have Bananal Ecological Station between 2003 and 2015. historical or recent records in the Bananal and surrounding municipalities. These are G laucidium minutissimum, Cypseloides fumigatus, Chlorostilbon lucidus, Drymophila ibis, Phacellodomus rufifrons and Coryphospingus pileatus. ferruginea, Psilorhamphus guttatus, M. manacus, Tityra All have significantly expanded t heir ranges southwards cayana, Elaenia parvirostris, Cnemotriccus fuscatus, into São Paulo state (Willis & Oniki 1993, Sick 1997, Contopus cinereus, Pyrrhocoma ruficeps , Poospiza thoracica Cestari & Pacheco 2010). and Euphonia violacea. The only species recor ded before When data regarding the birds of the Serra do 2004 in the BES that were not registered in the field by Bananal were compared before and after 1989 there were this study were Lepidocolaptes squamatus and Lipaugus 23 species for which no recent records had been made lanioides. The occurrence of these species requires in the region. Most of these were migratory species, dedicated investigation, as they are linked to specific waterbirds or species that rarely occur on the Brazilian habitats with punctuated distribution but they are very Plateau in São Paulo (Appendix I) and may thus still be likely to be recorded in future studies. recorded in future studies. Jacamaralcyon tridactyla, in Deforestation in the region surrounding the particular, deserves attention, since this species has not BES now provides new habitats for species of open been recorded since the 1940s (Collar et al. 1992), which strongly indicates that it has possibly become extinct environments. For example, Cyanocorax cristatellus has at both the local and the state level, having not been invaded the region through the Paraíba Valley, arriving in the Serra do Bananal in the 1990s (Alvarenga 1990, recently recorded at other historical sites (Silveira 2009a) (Appendix I & Fig. 1). Willis & Oniki 2003). Other examples include Bubulcus Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Species richness Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Noteworthy records of humid forest with more open and semi-deciduous vegetation types, which are preferred by this species. In Tinamus solitarius: considered “Vulnerable” in the list of 2009, André De Luca (pers. comm.) recorded this species threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo in Caraguatatuba, which corroborates the hypothesis of 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on all field trips to geographic expansion due to modifications in vegetation. the BES so it can be considered common in the reserve This scenario has also been confirmed in parts of Rio de and surrounding areas. In the higher regions of the Serra Janeiro and Minas Gerais states (Pacheco et al. 1994). da Bocaina it was recorded below 800 m a.s.l. (Mallet- Touit melanonotus: an Atlantic Forest endemic, Rodrigues et al. 2015). considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals Sarcoramphus papa: considered “Vulnerable” in the of the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014) and list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Endangered by the IUCN (2017). It was recorded Paulo 2008, 2014), this species was photographed flying on the first field trip to the BES (2003), where several over the headquarters of the BES by the former manager individuals flew, vocalising, over the forest surrounding in 2011. It is regarded as uncommon in the east of the the headquarters. Voice recordings were also obtained at state, with only a few documented records for the Serra Fazenda Encontro on the 04 March 2014 (of a group in do Mar and had not previously been observed in the flight) and from an area close to the BES in 2014, whilst Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). a historic record exists for the Bananal region cited by Pseudastur polionotus: an Atlantic Forest endemic, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991). It was recorded only considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals at low elevations in the Serra da Bocaina by Mallet- in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), it was first Rodrigues et al. (2015). photographed in the BES in 2011 by the reserve manager Myrmoderus squamosus and M. loricatus: these are and more recently by other observers (WA1343324). species endemic to the Atlantic Forest with parapatric Records of this hawk in the northern parts of the Serra do distributions. The shortest distance between documented Mar and Mantiqueira have only begun to occur in the last records of the two taxa is precisely in the Bananal region— 10 years (Willis & Oniki 2003). In the Serra da Bocaina approximately 12 km, between the BES and Lídice in it was recorded below 800 m a.s.l. (Mallet-Rodrigues et the state of Rio de Janeiro (Amaral et al. 2013). For the al. 2015). BES, there is a documented record (museum skin) for M. Spizaetus tyrannus: considered “Vulnerable” in the squamosus and a recording of an alarm call attributed to list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São M. loricatus in Minns et al. (2010). The latter should be Paulo 2008, 2014). Recorded on all field trips to the disregarded, since these calls of the two species are very BES, it can be considered common in the reserve and similar and cannot be used for identification, and t he surrounding areas as well as the entire area of the Serra do species of the female giving the call was not certain (J. Mar and Bocaina lying in São Paulo (Mallet-Rodrigues et Minns, pers. comm.). In September 1989, an individual al. 2015). of M. loricatus was heard singing at Fazenda Encontro Claravis pretiosa: a widely distributed species in Brazil (E1), about 5 km from the northeastern portion of the and the state of São Paulo, where it is more frequently BES, but was never relocated on subsequent surveys. recorded in the summer months (Sick 1997, Willis & Therefore, based on the available records, we hypothesize Oniki 2003). Previously unknown in the Bananal region, that in the Serra da Bocaina M. squamosus is present along the first and only recor d was made in February 2012 on the moderately low coastal slopes, whilst M. loricatus uses the Trilha do Pico Vermelho (E2), in the high parts of the the slopes along the edge of the Paraíba Valley, where an mountain range. Our record is during the expected time exemplar was collected in Cruzeiro (SP) and examined by of year and may thus indicate seasonal movements, which Hellmayr (1924). What is most intriguing to us, however, requires further investigation. is the reason for the lack of recent records of this species in Primolius maracana: considered threatened in the the region. This justifies the need for new studies focusing state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), it was recorded on the biogeographical importance of the Bananal region. in the surroundings of BES in 2009 (WA193668) when Lepidocolaptes falcinellus: according to Silva & Straube a group of six individuals was seen during the third field (1996), this woodcreeper occurs from Rio Grande do Sul trip (2011). Historical records also exist for this species state northward to the left margin of the Paraíba do Sul th from the beginning of the 19 century (São José dos River, in northeastern São Paulo, where it is substituted by Campos; Pelzeln 1871). In Rio de Janeiro state, in the L. squamatus. Inclusion of L. falcinellus on the BES list is municipalities of Resende, Volta Redonda, Barra do Piraí based on a vocalization heard in 2003 and a visual record and Barra Mansa it is considered common (Pacheco et from 2011, when an individual was observed in a mixed al. 1994, Nunes 2003). Thus, it may be expanding its flock. The presence of L. squamatus in the Bananal region range into the Serra do Mar due to the substitution and in the BES, however, is certain (MZUSP 27133 and Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. 27134; Silva & Straube 1996, Fonseca & Pacheco 2000, coastal lowlands and restingas but this question requires D. Buzzetti, pers. comm.). A documented record of L. further study. falcinellus was recently made southwest of the BES in the Pyroderus scutatus: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Cunha region located between 50 and 70 km to the east this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of and northeast of the Paraíba do Sul River (R. Bessa, L. threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Lima & M.A. Rego, pers. comm.). According to Silva & 2008, 2014). It was recorded on all fie ld trips to the BES Straube (1996), this river is the geographical barrier for so can be considered common in the reserve, where it is the north/south separation of these species in the Atlantic historically well known (Willis & Oniki 2003). Various Forest. These recor ds of L. falcinellus to the northeast and other records exist from around the BES (including east of the Paraíba do Sul therefore prove that it is not a photographs and sound recordings). Despite the fact that geographical barrier to these woodcreepers and suggests this species is undergoing a population decline across the that they may be sympatric in this region. This was also interior of the state, because of habitat loss (Develey & found to be the case in the Serra da Mantiqueira in De Luca 2009), it is very common in the Serra do Mar, Minas Gerais, where interbreeding was detected between where it frequently occurs in rural areas and even city the two species (Vasconcelos & D'Angelo-Neto 2009). parks, such as in São Paulo (São Paulo 2010). However, further studies are necessary to better define the Lipaugus lanioides: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, distributions of both species as well as the areas in which this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of they may occur in sympatry. threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Leptasthenura setaria: the occurrence of this Tit- 2008, 2014). It is rare in the northern portion of the Spinetail is associated with the presence of araucaria Serra do Mar in São Paulo state, occasionally occurring pines (Araucaria angustifolia) which, in the state of in the lowlands around Ubatuba (Willis & Oniki 2003, São Paulo, extend throughout the Serra do Mar and Simpson et al. 2012). In the Serra da Bocaina it was Mantiqueira (Sick 1997, Willis & Oniki 2003, Antunes recorded between 0 and 500 m a.s.l. (Mallet-Rodrigues et al. 2007). It is common in the Bananal region, and its et al. 2015), whilst only a single record exists for the current presence within the BES and surroundings areas BES and the entire Serra de Bananal region, being voice is restricted to araucarias probably planted in the 1960s recording made by D. Buzzetti in March 1995. This is (Natália Ivanauskas, pers. comm.). also the highest record ever made in the Serra do Mar in Onychorhynchus swainsoni: endemic to the Atlantic São Paulo state, where it is only known to occur up to Forest, this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list 900 m a.s.l., according to Willis & Oniki (2003). of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Piprites pileata: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, 2008, 2014) and globally (IUCN 2017). It was only this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of recorded on the first field trip to the BES, where a single threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo male was mist netted on the Pedra Vermelha Trail, which 2008, 2014) and globally by the IUCN (2017). It was runs along a forested stream, their preferred habitat. A recorded on the third field trip to the BES. Another seven historical record was made in 1941 during an expedition records were obtained (including photographs and sound by the Departamento de Zoologia to the Serra de Bananal recordings) for the surrounding areas. It is typical of the (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia) and a photo taken in 2009 Serra da Mantiqueira but also occurs in this portion of (WA95542), documenting the presence of this interesting the Serra do Mar with both historical and recent records but still little known species in the region (Pinto 1944, in the Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). It was not 1945). It was recorded only in the lower portion of the recorded in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina by Serra da Bocaina by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). Procnias nudicollis: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Elaenia chilensis: a southern migratory species (Sick this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of 1983, Marini & Cavalcanti 1990, Willis & Oniki 2003) threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo that usually passes through the states of São Paulo, Rio 2008, 2014) and globally by the IUCN (2017). It was de Janeiro and Minas Gerais between February and recorded on five separate trips to the BES (1, 3, 4, 6 and April (Pacheco & Gonzaga 1994, Willis & Oniki 2003, 7), coinciding with the hottest period of the year, when Montanhini 2010). Its presence in the BES was detected the species vocalises more frequently in the higher regions during April 2004, along with individuals of Elaenia of the Serra do Mar. The only trips when bellbirds were mesoleuca (MZUSP 78357, 78358 and 78360). This not recorded were during February and April, which provides the first recor d of this species in the northern may represent a period of absence from the mountainous portion of Serra do Mar/Bocaina and the only one above regions or a period when they are less vocal and thus 1000 m a.s.l. in the state, providing new information less detectable. Sick (1997) confirmed t hat this species about its migratory route in Serra do Mar. It was not undergoes altitudinal movements, wintering in the recorded in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina by Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). relation to altitude, an issue typical of birds of the Serra do Mar. Sporophila angolensis: considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on the ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS fourth field trip to the BES, when a male was captured by mist net in a partially open area with low vegetation We are thankful to the following people: José Roberto near the reserve headquarters. Another four records were Alves Suarez (Beto) (In memoriam), former manager of subsequently made around the BES and lower lying BES, for logistical support during field work; Hussam areas. These recor ds are important as they show that, even Zaher and Erika Hingst-Zaher for the opportunity to though this is one of the most sought after species in the work in BES; Paula for support during the campaigns of illegal songbird trade, because of its loud and complex 2003 and 2004; Marina Sboarim and Fernando Belmonte song, it has a stable population in the Bananal region, for their participation during the field trip of 2003; as is proven by both historical and recent records. This Douglas Souza (taxidermist), Caroline Aires, Hernani species was only recorded in the lower portions of the and Egnaldo Rocha for help with field work during Serra da Bocaina by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). the second and third field trips, respectively; Francisco Cyanoloxia brissonii: listed as “Vulnerable” in the list Boavista Pontual (our host), Luis Florit, Claudia Bauer, of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Paulo S. M. Fonseca and Alfredo H. Oliveira actively 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on the third field participated in several field trips with J.F.P. and R.L.G.; trip to the BES, when an adult male was observed and Marina M. Kanashiro, from the Geosciences Section of recorded in a partially open area along the forest edge. Instituto Florestal, for preparation of the preliminary map Another five recor ds exist for the areas surrounding the and Marco Antonio Rêgo for preparation of the final BES and the lower lying regions. Willis & Oniki (2003) map; Leo R. Malagoli for help with Cluster analysis; also recorded the presence of this species in the Bananal Vitor Q. Piacentini for text revision; Dante Buzzetti for region, which shows that although it is also sought after providing unpublished information concerning BES: for the illegal songbird trade, it is still present in this Jeremy K. Dickens for first English revision; Rafael Bessa, region of the Serra do Mar. It was also only recorded in Luciano Lima, Carlos A. Gussoni, Pedro Develey, Vagner the lower portions of the Serra da Bocaina by Mallet- Cavarzere, Paulo Guerra, Rafael Fortes, Marco Guedes, Rodrigues et al. (2015). Roberto Torrubia, Luiz Ribenboim, Almir Almeida, Data collected in the field and from bibliographic Daniel Mello and Marco A. Rêgo for making available sources show that the bird diversity of the Bananal region non-published records and information; Fernando Straube is very high and divided into two main communities: and Bruno Rennó for clarifying historical information; one from the higher regions of the Serra de Bananal and and Jeremy Minns for help in the identification of some the other from the lowlands of the Paraíba do Sul River vocalizations, for providing some field data and with the Valley. However, only 259 out of the 371 recorded species final revision of Eng lish and the manuscript. The authors presently receive any kind of legal protection, by means also thank the Instituto Florestal do Estado de São Paulo, of the BES, which is the only reserve in the region. Thus, the Post Graduate Program of the Zoology Museum of the creation of new protected areas is essential in both the the University of São Paulo, the Fundação de Amparo à highlands of the Serra de Bananal as well as of the forest Pesquisa no Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), and UPS Brazil fragments in the Paraíba do Sul River Valley, where most (Bruno Ehlers). L.F.S. received a productivity fellowship the original forest cover has already been lost. The present from CNPq. study recorded 26 new species for the Bananal region and the absence of 23 previously recorded species, including J. tridactyla, possibly extinct in the state of São Paulo, given REFERENCES the lack of recent records from the current study site and elsewhere in the state. Nevertheless, many of these and Aleixo A. & Galetti M. 1997. 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Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 APPENDIX I Species of birds in the Bananal region. END - Species (taxa) endemic to the Atlantic Forest (according to Bencke et al. 2006); * Threatened species at the national level (according to MMA 2014); # Threatened species at the state level (according to São Paulo 2008, 2014) and + Introduced species; Evidence: V (visual record); A (auditory record); R (sound recording); P (photograph); P* (photograph deposited in WikiAves): C (collected specimen) and L (record by local people). Habitat: MF (Montane Forest), NF (Natural Grassland), AA (Open Anthropic Areas), FL (Flooded Areas). Species recorded within a 5 km perimeter of the BES are highlighted in the table with the letter S (surroundings) and groups of birds indicated by the letter G (Groups). The numbers indicated in column number 3 of BES field trips refer to the number of individuals recorded in the field and X corresponds to photographic re cords made by the manager of the reserve. The column “Historical and Current Data” refers to the compilation by Willis & Oniki (2003) for the entire Bananal region without exact location (denoted by X). Highlighted are the data from Sertão das Cobras (1) and Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia) (2), the vicinity of the BES, and some additional data contained in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991) (3) (no exact locality), Fazenda da Posse (4) (for one specimen collected by J.L. Lima), (5) for records for the Bananal region published by Minns et al. (2010) and (6) for the relevant and documented records obtained by D. Buzzetti in March 1995 in the BES and not published by Minns et al. (2010). This column also contains modern records contained in online digital databases (WikiAves and xeno-canto) for the Bananal municipality (R+: recordings and P+: photographs). Species cited in the “Historical and Current Data” column do not have information in the columns Evidence and Habitat as this information was not available in the original sources. For numbers separated by a “-”, all intermediate values are valid. Data from field trips are found in Table 1. Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Tinamiformes Tinamidae (4) end # Tinamus solitarius R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X P+,R+ 7,10,11 5,7-9 5,7 5,7- Crypturellus obsoletus R,P MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,10 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 Crypturellus parvirostris AMF X X X 13 13 Crypturellus tataupa AMF X X 2,6,13 13 Anseriformes Anatidae (3) Dendrocygna bicolor X Dendrocygna viduata X Amazonetta brasiliensis P AA,FL X,P+ 82 7 Galliformes Cracidae (1) Penelope obscura R,C MF X X 12 X X X,5,P+ 10 6,13 6 4,5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7-9 5,9 Odontophoridae (1) end Odontophorus capueira R,P,C MF X X 6 X X P+,R+ 1,4,5,7-10,12 4,5 5,7,9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae (2) Tachybaptus dominicus V AA,FL X,P+,R+ 8,9 Podilymbus podiceps P AA,FL X,P+,R+ 8,9,10 Suliformes Phalacrocoracidae (1) Nannopterum brasilianus P P+ 8,9,10 6 Anhingidae (1) Anhinga anhinga X,P+ Pelecaniformes Ardeidae (6) Nycticorax nycticorax P AA,FL P+ 9,10 Butorides striata V AA,FL P+ Bubulcus ibis VAA SP+ 6,13 6 4,5 Ardea alba P AA,FL P+ 8,9,10 13 7 8 Syrigma sibilatrix PAA 2P+ 6,13 4,7,12 12 4,7,8 9 Pilherodius pileatus X,P+ Cathartiformes Cathartidae (4) Cathartes aura V AA X 1 X X,P+ 11 6,13 6,13 13 5,8,9,12 4,5,8-12 9 Cathartes burrovianus VAA P+ 13 13 4,8,11,12 Coragyps atratus V AA X X6X X X,P+ 8,9,11 1-3,6,13 13 6,1 4,5,9-12 1,3-5,7-12 5,7,9 Sarcoramphus papa PAA X Accipitriformes Accipitridae (18) Leptodon cayanensis V MF,AA X X Chondrohierax uncinatus Elanoides forficatus L MF,AA Elanus leucurus X Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Harpagus diodon P,C MF X P+ 1,9,10,12 Accipiter superciliosus VMF X 99 9 Accipiter striatus VMF 1,2,P+ 1,4,5 5 Ictinia plumbea X Geranospiza caerulescens VMF 3 1 5,8 Heterospizias meridionalis PAA X,P+ 6 7 1-3,8,10-12 5,7,8 8,11 Rupornis magnirostris P MF,AA X X 3 X X X,P+ 10 6,13 13 4,7,8,10 1-5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7,8 5,7,8,11 Parabuteo leucorrhous VMF Geranoaetus albicaudatus V,A AA X X,P+ end # Pseudastur polionotus PAA X 5,P+ Buteo brachyurus VAA X X Buteo albonotatus VAA P+ Spizaetus tyrannus V MF X X1X X,P+ 1-4,8 4 7,8,9 Spizaetus melanoleucus VMF XP+ Gruiformes Rallidae (6) end Aramides saracura P FL X X 5 X X X X,P+ 8 13 6 1,3-5,7-12 4,8,9 7,8,9 Laterallus melanophaius VFL R+ 5,11 Laterallus leucopyrrhus VFL R+ Mustelirallus albicollis LFL X Pardirallus nigricans VFL X,P+ 110 4 Gallinula galeata P FL X,P+,R+ 8,9,10 2 Charadriiformes Charadriidae (1) Vanellus chilensis V,A AA,FL X X 2 X X X X X,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,13 6 4,7,9,10 5,9-12 4,5,7-9 9,11 Recurvirostridae (1) Himantopus melanurus X Jacanidae (1) Jacana jacana X Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Columbiformes Columbidae (9) 1,3-5,7- Columbina talpacoti P AA X X 2,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 6,11,13 6 9,11,12 5,7,8 Claravis pretiosa Columba livia V AA X,P+ 8 6,13 4,5,7-12 Patagioenas picazuro V MF,AA X X 2 X,P+ 9,10 6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7-10,12 12 5,7-9 Patagioenas cayennensis V,A MF X X 66 9 Patagioenas plumbea R MF X 3 X X X X 2,P+,R+ 8,10 1-3,5,7,8,10-12 5,7,8 5,7,8 Leptotila verreauxi A MF X X X,R+ 8,11 2,6,13 13 6 8 7,10,12 7,8 8 Leptotila rufaxilla R,P MF XX 2 X,P+ Geotrygon montana P,C MF X X 1 1 4,5,8-10,12 4 8 Cuculiformes Cuculidae (5) Piaya cayana V,A MF X X 1 XXX 1,P+ 2,6,13 11,1 6 7 1-5,7-12 4 8,9 9 Coccyzus melacoryphus P+ 1,4,7- Crotophaga ani V,A AA X X S 1,P+ 2,3,6,13 6,13 6,1 9,11,12 8 Guira guira V,A AA X X X,P+ 8 2,6,11 6,11 6 4,7 Tapera naevia AMF X X 1,6 6 12 1 Strigiformes Tytonidae (1) Tyto furcata VAA X Strigidae (6) Megascops choliba R,C MF X X 2 X 3,4,8,11,12 4 end Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana AMF X 1 6,R+ 1,7,12 4,5 end Strix hylophila R,C MF X X 1 X P+,R+ 8,11,12 4 5 end Glaucidium minutissimum AMF 5 Athene cunicularia VAA X X Asio stygius AMF 10 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Nyctibiiformes Nyctibiidae (1) Nyctibius griseus CMF X X P+,R+ 6 3,7,12 4 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae (5) Lurocalis semitorquatus CMF X 1 X X,R+ 6 3,4,7,8,10,12 4 4,7 Nyctidromus albicollis V,A AA,NF X 1X 6 6 9,11,12 4 8 Hydropsalis longirostris V AA,NF Hydropsalis torquata V AA,NF X end Hydropsalis forcipata V AA,NF X 4,11 Apodiformes Apodidae (5) Cypseloides fumigatus V MF,AA X 9 1,2,8,12 Streptoprocne zonaris V,A MF,AA X G X X X X,P+ 6,13 6 6 4,7,11 1-5,9-12 4,5,8 Streptoprocne biscutata V MF,AA Chaetura cinereiventris V,A MF,AA X G X X 2,3,7,8,10,11 4,5,8 Chaetura meridionalis C MF,AA X S X X X 9,10 3,6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7-10 4 8 Trochilidae (16) end Ramphodon naevius VMF 3,4,7- Phaethornis pretrei VAA X,P+ 1,3,6,13 6,11 6,1 10,12 end Phaethornis eurynome P,C MF X X 4 X X 2,5,P+,R+ 11 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 Eupetomena macroura VAA X,P+ 6,13 11,1 6,1 7,10 end Aphantochroa cirrochloris V end Florisuga fusca V MF,AA X X X X P+ 8 6,13 6,1 3,8,9,11,12 4 4,7-9 8,9,11 4,5,7,8,10- Colibri serrirostris V MF,AA X X,P+ 3,6,13 6,13 6 12 Anthracothorax nigricollis V MF,AA X 6,13 end Stephanoxis lalandi R,P,C MF X X 3 X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 9 1-5,7-12 4 8 8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Chlorostilbon lucidus VAA X 1,6,13 6,11,13 6 4,12 1-3,11 8,11 end Thalurania glaucopis P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,P+ 13 13 6,1 1,4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 9 5,7- end Leucochloria albicollis CMF X 4 X X 2,P+ 8,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,9 9,11 Amazilia versicolor V MF,AA 12 13 4 Amazilia lactea VAA X,P+ 1,13 11,1 6,1 end Heliodoxa rubricauda R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,5,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 9,11 Calliphlox amethystina V MF,AA 1 2,P+ 6 7 1,3,11,12 7 Trogoniformes Trogonidae (3) Trogon viridis X,5 end Trogon surrucura R,P,C MF X X 10 X X 1,5,6,P+,R+ 10 6 6 1-3,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 Trogon rufus R,C MF X X 4 X X 1,2,5,6,P+ 1,5,8,12 5,7,8 8 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae (3) Megaceryle torquata V AA,FL X,P+ 8 13 7,9,12 8,10 Chloroceryle amazona V AA,FL Chloroceryle americana P AA,FL P+ 13 3 Momotidae (1) end Baryphtengus ruficapillus RMF 2 X Galbuliformes Galbulidae (1) end # Jacamaralcyon tridactyla X Bucconidae (2) Nystalus chacuru A MF,AA S X,P+ 6 11 4,9,12 end Malacoptila striata VMF X Piciformes Ramphastidae (4) Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Ramphastos toco VAA X,P+ 13 5,7 end Ramphastos dicolorus V,A MF X X 3 X X X X 1,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 7,8,9 5 end Selenidera maculirostris RMF 1 end # Pteroglossus bailloni V MF X Picidae (11) Picumnus cirratus V,A MF 1 1,2,P+ 6,13 6,13 6 3,4,7 8,10-12 5,7,9 5,8 Melanerpes candidus VAA S X,P+ 613 6 end Veniliornis maculifrons V X,P+ 6,13 13 6 end Veniliornis spilogaster RMF X 3 X 1,2,5,P+ 1-3,5,8,9,11,12 7,9 8 Piculus flavigula 1 end Piculus aurulentus P,C MF X X1X 2,6,P+ 1-3,5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5 Colaptes melanochloros V,A MF X X,P+ 8 6 6 6 7,8,10 1,3,10 Colaptes campestris V,A AA,NF X X S X,P+ 9,10 2,6,13 6,13 6 1,4,5,7,11,12 1-3,7,8,10 4,5,7-9 5,8,9 Celeus flavescens AMF X Dryocopus lineatus AMF X 1 2,P+ 13 6 7 4,5,8,9 11 end Campephilus robustus AMF X 2,5,6,P+,R+ 13 5,7,8,11,12 7 Cariamiformes Cariamidae (1) Cariama cristata PAA XX Falconiformes Falconidae (8) 1,2,4,5,7,8,10- Caracara plancus P AA X X 1 X X X X,P+ 9 1,6,13 6,13 6 5,11 12 4,5,8,9 9,11 4,5,7,10- Milvago chimachima P AA X X 2 X X,P+ 8,10,11 2,6,13 6,13 6 12 1,3,4,7-12 5,7-9 5,8 Herpetotheres cachinnans A MF,AA X X,P+ Micrastur ruficollis R,P,C MF X 4 X X,6,P+ 9,10 1,3,4,8,11,12 4 4,5,8 5,7,9 Micrastur semitorquatus PMF X P+,R+ Falco sparverius VAA X,P+ 6,13 7,9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Falco rufigularis VAA Falco femoralis VAA X X,P+ Psittaciformes Psittacidae (9) Primolius maracana VAA S X,P+ 13 6,13 6 7 1,3-5,7- Psittacara leucophthalmus V,A AA X X 14 X X,P+ 8 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 12 12 end Pyrrhura frontalis P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,P+ 8,10,11 1-5,7-12 4 4,7-9 7,8,9 Forpus xanthopterygius AMF X 4 X,P+ 1,6,13 11,1 6,1 4,5,7-12 end Brotogeris tirica R MF X X4X X 2,5 13 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 end * # Touit melanonotus V,A MF X 3,R+ 1,11 end Pionopsitta pileata R,V,A MF X 4 1,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,9 8 Pionus maximiliani R,P MF X X 6 X X X X,P+ 1,6,13 13 6 4,7,8 1-5,7-12 4 4,8,9 8,9 end Amazona vinacea A Passeriformes Thamnophilidae (19) end Terenura maculata AMF X 4,5,7,8,9 end Rhopias gularis R,C MF X X 6 X X X 1 9 4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8,9 Dysithamnus mentalis R,P,C MF X X 4 X X 2 6,13 6 2,4,7,12 4,5,7-9 end Dysithamnus xanthopterus R,P,C MF X X 4 X X 1,2,5,6,P+R+ 1,2,4,5,8-12 4 7,8,9 Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus A Thamnophilus ruficapillus PMF S X X,P+ 13 3 4 5,7,9,11 Thamnophilus caerulescens R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,P+ 9,10 6,13 11 6 1-5,7-12 4,11 4,5,7-9 5,7-9 end Hypoedaleus guttatus A 5,7 Batara cinerea A,R MF X 4 X 1,6 1-5,8-12 5,7- end Mackenziaena leachii RMF X 5 1,2,6,P+ 1-5,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,8 9,11 end Mackenziaena severa AMF X XX 11 3 9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end Myrmoderus cf. loricatus RMF 5 end Myrmoderus squamosus CMF X 5,7- end Pyriglena leucoptera P,C MF X X 6 XXX 1 10 6 1,3-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 end Drymophila ferruginea V,A MF X,P+ 2,6,13 end Drymophila rubricollis C MF 2 X X X X,5,6,P+,R+ 5,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 end Drymophila genei R,P MF 2 XX 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 end Drymophila ochropyga A MF X X,R+ 10,12 5 end Drymophila malura AMF 1 X,P+,R+ 10 5 Conopophagidae (1) end Conopophaga lineata R,P,C MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,5,6,P+ 9 6 8,1 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,8,9,11 Grallariidae (2) Grallaria varia R,C MF X 4 X X 1,6,R+ 1,3-5,7,8,10,12 end Hylopezus nattereri R,C MF X 3 X 1,6 1-5,7-12 4 8 5,7,8 Rhinocryptidae (4) end Merulaxis ater R MF X 2 X 1,2,R+ 1,4,7,8,10,12 4 7 8 end Eleoscytalopus indigoticus RMF X1 5,7 end Scytalopus speluncae RMF X 1 X,5,6,P+ 1-3,5,12 5 end Psilorhamphus guttatus AMF X X,R+ Formicariidae (2) end Chamaeza meruloides RMF 3 end Chamaeza ruficauda R,C MF X X 5 XXX 1,6,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8 Scleruridae (1) end Sclerurus scansor R,C MF X X3X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 1,3,9-12 4 4,5,7-9 Dendrocolaptidae (9) end Dendrocincla turdina AMF X X Sittasomus griseicapillus R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 10 1 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,11 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end Xiphorhynchus fuscus R,P,C MF X X 2 X X X 1,2,P+ 6 6 2,4,5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 end Campylorhamphus falcularius P,C MF X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6,13 6 12 8 Lepidocolaptes angustirostris PAA X X,P+ 6,13 end Lepidocolaptes squamatus VMF 2,6,P+,R+ 2,6,13 1,2,4,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,7 end Lepidocolaptes falcinellus V,A MF X 2 Dendrocolaptes platyrostris RMF X 1 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 1,3-5,7,9-12 4 4,7,8 Xiphocolaptes albicollis R,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,6 1,3-5,8-12 4 4,5,8 7,9 Xenopidae (2) Xenops minutus AMF X Xenops rutilans VMF X 1 XX 1,P+ 6,13 4 2,7-12 4 7,8,9 Furnariidae (22) Furnarius figulus V AA X,P+ 8,9 6,13 6,1 7,12 1,3,4,7- Furnarius rufus V,A AA X X S X X X,P+ 8,9,11 2,3,6,13 6,11,13 6 9,11,12 5 Lochmias nematura PMF X 2 X X 1,P+ 9,11 4 7,8,10 1-3,5,7-12 4 4,5,8,9 8,11 end Automolus leucophthalmus AMF X X end Anabazenops fuscus CMF X 3 X X 6 6 3,7,9 end Anabacerthia amaurotis CMF X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 7,12 4 9 end Anabacerthia lichtensteini VMF X 2,5 9 end Philydor atricapillus VMF X Philydor rufum P,C MF X X 8 XXX X 1,P+ 6,13 6 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 7,8,11 end Heliobletus contaminatus P,C MF X 12 X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 2,4,5,7,9-12 4 7,9 8 Syndactyla rufosuperciliata R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7,8,11 end Cichlocolaptes leucophrus R,C MF X X 3 X 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,9 end Leptasthenura setaria R,C MF X 2 X X X,P+,R+ 4,5,7-12 9 Phacellodomus rufifrons VAA SP+ 6,13 6,11,13 6,1 4,5,7-12 12 end Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus V,A MF S X,P+,R+ 1,2,6,13 11,1 6 5,7,12 1,9,12 4 5,8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 3-5,7- Anumbius annumbi VAA S X,P+,R+ 6,13 11 10,12 Certhiaxis cinnamomeus V,A FL X,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 11,1 6 4,7,8 end Synallaxis ruficapilla R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X 1,2,P+ 13 13 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 Synallaxis cinerascens A,C MF 2 X X X 10 7 Synallaxis albescens 6 13 4,7,9 1,3-5,7- 5,7- Synallaxis spixi P MF X X 2 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,9,10 1,3,6,13 6 10,12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 9,11 end Cranioleuca pallida R MF X 4 X X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 10,11 6,13 13 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8,9 Pipridae (4) end Neopelma chrysolophum R,P,C MF X X 3 X X,6,P+,R+ 8 1,7,10,12 7,8,9 5,7 Manacus manacus A2 end Ilicura militaris R,P,C MF X X 3 X X 1,P+ 3-5,7,9-12 4 4,5,8,9 9 end Chiroxiphia caudata R,P,C MF X X 18 X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,13 11,1 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9,11 Oxyruncidae (1) Oxyruncus cristatus R,C MF X 2 X X 2,P+ 1,8,11,12 4 Onychorhynchidae (2) end # Onychorhynchus swainsoni P,C MF X 2,P+ Myiobius atricaudus P,C MF X X1X 2,P+ 8,10-12 9 Tityridae (6) end Schiffornis virescens R,P,C MF X X 8 X 1,P+ 1,2,4,5,7,9-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,11 Tityra cayana VMF Pachyramphus viridis R,C MF X 6 X 2,P+ 4 1-5,7,8,10,12 8 Pachyramphus castaneus A MF X 3 XXX X,5,P+ 6 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 Pachyramphus polychopterus R,C MF X X X X,P+,R+ 1,6,13 13 6 4 1-4,7-12 4 4,7-9 4,8 Pachyramphus validus R,C MF X 1 X X X X,P+ 6 3,4,7-12 4 9 4,8 Cotingidae (6) end Carpornis cucullata R,P,C MF X X 16 X X X X 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7,8 Phibalura flavirostris PMF X 1,P+ 4,5,8,11,12 4 8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end # Pyroderus scutatus P MF X X10X X,P+,R+ 8,10 4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 end Lipaugus ater R,P MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,6,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 8 end # Lipaugus lanioides 6 end # Procnias nudicollis R,P,C MF X 14 X X X X,P+,R+ 8,10 1-5,7,8,10,12 4,5,7,8 5,7,8 Pipritidae (2) Piprites chloris RMF X end # Piprites pileata RMF 2 X,6,P+,R+ 4,8,9,11,12 4 9 Platyrinchidae (1) Platyrinchus mystaceus R,P,C MF X X 5 X X 1,2,5,P+ 6 1,4,5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 Rhynchocyclidae (13) Mionectes rufiventris P,C MF X X2X X 1,2,P+ 6 3,5,7-9,11,12 5,7-9 8 Leptopogon amaurocephalus P MF X X4X X 1,P+ 11 6 5,7,8,10 5,7,8 8 Corythopis delalandi AMF Phylloscartes ventralis R,P,C MF X X 16 X X X 1,2,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9 end Phylloscartes difficilis AMF X 1,2,P+,R+ 1,2,4,5,7-12 4 Tolmomyias sulphurescens R,C MF X X 8 X X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 11,1 6 4,7,9,12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 end Todirostrum poliocephalum AMF 2 X X X X,P+ 9 6 11 3,7,10,12 1,4,5,7-12 4 4,5,7 7,9 Todirostrum cinereum VMF X X,P+ 8 6,13 6,11,13 6 7,8,9,10 Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps R,P MF X X 6 X X X 1,2,P+ 10 1-4,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 5,7-9 end Myiornis auricularis A,P MF X 3 X 2,P+ 6 1-5,9,11,12 4 4,5 end Hemitriccus diops V,A MF X end Hemitriccus obsoletus R,P,C MF X X 3 X X X 2,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7,10-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8 end Hemitriccus nidipendulus AAA X X,P+ 66 10 Tyrannidae (45) Hirundinea ferruginea VAA 1 X 1,P+ 13 11,1 3,12 1,4,5,10,12 Tyranniscus burmeisteri AMF XXX 2,P+,R+ 1,2,4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 Camptostoma obsoletum P,C MF,AA X X 4 X X X,P+,R+ 10 1,6,13 6 1,5,7,9-12 5,7,8 8,9,11 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Elaenia flavogaster A MF,AA X X S X,P+ 6,13 6,13 6,1 1,4,7,10 2,5 Elaenia chilensis P,C MF X Elaenia parvirostris X Elaenia mesoleuca P,C MF X X X X 1,P+,R+ 8 2-4,7-10,12 4 4,8 8 Elaenia obscura P,C MF X X P+,R+ 2,5,7-12 5,7-9 Myiopagis caniceps AMF X X Capsiempis flaveola V X,P+ end Phyllomyias virescens V MF 2 X P+,R+ 1,5,7-12 5,7,8 Phyllomyias fasciatus R,C MF X 4 X X X,P+,R+ 10 13 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7-9,11 end Phyllomyias griseocapilla R MF X 1 XXX 2-5,7-12 4 4,5,8 8 Polystictus superciliaris 4,P+ Serpophaga nigricans P MF,FL 2,P+ 8,9 13 7 Serpophaga subcristata PMF X X2 X X 2,P+ 10 13 13 7 1,3,5,7,9-12 5 5,8,9 Attila phoenicurus P,C MF X X X X X,6,P+,R+ 8 2-5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7,8 8,11 end Attila rufus R,P,C MF X X 12 X X X 1,2,P+ 10 1,6 1-5,7-12 5,7-9 5,7-9 Legatus leucophaius AMF XX Myiarchus swainsoni R,P,C MF X 1 X X X X,P+,R+ 10 1,6 6 2-5,7-12 4 4,7 7,8 Myiarchus ferox C MF,AA X 1 8 1,6,13 11,1 6,1 8 7 Sirystes sibilator AMF X X Pitangus sulphuratus R MF X X 4 X X X X 2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 3,4,7-12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9,11 3-5,7- Machetornis rixosa PAA X SX X,P+ 9 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 10,12 1-3,8,10-12 5,7,8 Myiodynastes maculatus A MF X 2 X X X 1,P+ 10,11 1,2,6 6 6 7,11,12 2-4,7,8,10-12 7,8 7,8,11 Megarynchus pitangua P MF,AA X X 2 X X X 2,6,13 6 4,7,8,10 2,3,5,8-12 4 4,8 7-9,11 Myiozetetes similis V,A MF,AA X X 2 X X X,P+ 8,9 6,13 11,1 13 4,5,7-12 1,4,7-12 4 4 9,11 1,3-5,7- Tyrannus melancholicus V,A,C MF,AA X 2 X X X X,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 10,12 1-4,7-12 4 4,7-9 7-9,11 Tyrannus savana P AA,NF X S X X,P+ 8,10 2,3,6 6 6 5,7,10,11 Empidonomus varius VMF X XX X,P+,R+ 8 1,6,13 13 6 3,7,8,12 3,8,10-12 7,8,11 Colonia colonus VMF X 1,2,P+ 6,13 13 6 1 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 5,7- Myiophobus fasciatus C MF X 1 X X X X,P+,R+ 8,11 6,13 11,1 6 7 1,3,5,7-12 4,5,7,9 9,11 Fluvicola nengeta P AA X X,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,13 6,1 5,7,8,12 2,10,11 5,8,9 Arundinicola leucocephala VAA X X 1,2,3 Gubernetes yetapa V AA,FL X Cnemotriccus fuscatus V,A MF X,P+,R+ Lathrotriccus euleri RMF X 3 1,R+ 6 13 6,1 1,2,5,7,9-12 7,8,9 8 Contopus cinereus PMF X 1,2,P+ 5,7-11 7 Knipolegus cyanirostris PMF X 1 X 1,2,P+ 1-5,7-12 7 9 1,3- Knipolegus lophotes PAA S X,P+ 2,3 6 5,7,10,12 end Knipolegus nigerrimus P AA,AL X 1,P+ Satrapa icterophrys V AA,AL X 1 86 7 Xolmis cinereus VAA Xolmis velatus VAA X,P+ 2 13 3,12 1 end Muscipipra vetula CMF X 1 1,2,P+ 1,7-10 7,8,9 5 Vireonidae (3) 5,7- Cyclarhis gujanensis R MF,AA X X 10 X X X X 1,2,5,P+ 9,10 1,2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 1,7, 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 end Hylophilus poicilotis R,C MF X X8X X 2,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 Vireo chivi R,C MF,AA X X 4 X X X X,P+ 8,10 1,6 6 3,7,10,12 1-4,7-12 4 4,7,8 8 Corvidae (1) Cyanocorax cristatellus VAA S X,P+ 9,10 6,13 13 5,7,9 Hirundinidae (6) Pygochelidon cyanoleuca R,P,C AA X X 12 X X X X 2,P+ 8,10 1,3,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 3-5,7-12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 8,9 Alopochelidon fucata X 1,3-5,7- Stelgidopteryx ruficollis VAA X S X 1,P+ 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 10,12 2,5,7, 5,7 Progne tapera VAA X 10 6 6 5 8 Progne chalybea VAA X X S P+ 2,3,6 6,11 6 7,8,10,12 Tachycineta leucorrhoa VAA X 66 6 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Troglodytidae (2) 1,4,5,7- Troglodytes musculus P MF,AA X X 2 X X X 2,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,11,13 6,1 12 1-3,5,7-12 5,7,8 5,7,8 Cantorchilus longirostris AMF X,P+ 1,2,6,13 13 6 Donacobiidae (1) Donacobius atricapilla X Turdidae (6) Turdus flavipes R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8,11 Turdus leucomelas C MF,AA X X X X,P+ 1,6,13 6,11,13 6 4,7,10,12 1,4,5,7,11 9 5,7- Turdus rufiventris R,P,C MF,AA X X 8 X X X X 2,P+,R+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 13 3-5,7,10,12 1-5,7-12 4,5,7-9 9,11 Turdus amaurochalinus R,P MF,AA X X 3 X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 13 6 3 1,5,7-12 5,7 5,7,11 Turdus subalaris P+ Turdus albicollis R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X X X,P+ 1,6, 13 6 1-3,5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 8 Mimidae (1) 1,3-5,7- Mimus saturninus V AA,NF X S 1,2, P+ 10,11 2,6,13 13 6,1 9,11,12 7 Motacillidae (1) Anthus hellmayri X Passerellidae (3) 1,3,5,7- 5,7- Zonotrichia capensis P,C AA,NF X X 14 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,3,6,13 13 6 9,12 1-3,5,7-12 5,7-9 9,11 Ammodramus humeralis VAA X 3,6 11 6 3,7,12 end Arremon semitorquatus AMF X 1,6,13 10 Parulidae (4) Setophaga pitiayumi V,A MF XX X,P+ 6,13 6 10 5 Geothlypis aequinoctialis V,A AA,FL X X S X 1,2,P+,R+ 9,10,11 2,6,13 11,1 6 1,7, 1-3,10 4,7 5,8,9,11 Basileuterus culicivorus R,P,C MF X X 22 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 6,13 11,1 6 7,8 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7-9,11 5,7- end Myiothlypis leucoblephara R,P,C MF X X 14 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 Icteridae (7) Psarocolius decumanus RAA X 3 X X X 8,9 6,13 5,7,9-12 7 7 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Cacicus chrysopterus R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X 1,2,5,P+ 9 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,8,9,11 Gnorimopsar chopi VAA S X,P+ 6,13 6 6 4,5,7,9,11,12 2 Chrysomus ruficapillus V AA,FL X P+ 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7,12 Molothrus rufoaxillaris X Molothrus oryzivorus PAA XX Molothrus bonariensis P AA,NF X S X 2,P+ 8 2,6 6 6 3,7,8,10,12 1,3,5,7,8,10,12 5,8 Mitrospingidae (1) end Orthogonys chloricterus R,P MF 8 1,2 9 2,9-11 Thraupidae (42) end Orchesticus abeillei RMF X 2,5,R+ 5,7-12 4 Pipraeidea melanonota P,C MF,AA X X 3 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 2,5,7-12 5,7-9 5 Stephanophorus diadematus P MF X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8,9,11 Cissopis leverianus V MF X X X,R+ 12 4 5 Schistochlamys ruficapillus V NF,AA X,P+ 2,6,13 13 3,7 3,9,12 7 5,8 Paroaria dominicana VAA P+ end Tangara cyanoventris VMF X,P+ 1,13 13 end Tangara desmaresti R MF X X 20 X X X 1,2,P+ 9,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7-9 8 Tangara sayaca R,C MF,AA X X 10 X X X X X,P+ 8,10 1,2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 3-5,7-12 1-5,7-12 4,5,7,9 5,7,8 end Tangara cyanoptera R,C MF X X6X 1,2,6,P+,R+ 1,2,5,7-12 4 4,7-9 8 Tangara palmarum V,A MF,AA X X 2 X 1,P+ 6,13 6 4,5,7,8,12 12 5 end Tangara ornata PMF X 4 XXX X 1,2,5,P+ 10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,8 5,8 Tangara cayana P MF X X 2 X,P+ 10 6,13 11 6,1 7,8,10 2,3,5,7-12 5,7 5 Nemosia pileata V MF,AA 6,13 Conirostrum speciosum VMF X 6,13 13 6 Sicalis citrina X Sicalis flaveola P AA 2 X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,11 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 3,4,7-12 4,5,8-12 5,7-9 8 end Haplospiza unicolor P,C MF X X1X X 1,6,P+ 2-4,7-12 4,8,9 11 end Hemithraupis ruficapilla V MF X 1 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Th Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Volatinia jacarina V AA,NF X X,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 6,13 6,1 3,4,7-12 2 1,2,4,5,7- Trichothraupis melanops R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X X 1,2,P+ 613 6 9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7 Coryphospingus pileatus VAA 7 2,6 4 end Tachyphonus coronatus P,C MF X X X X 1,2, P+,R+ 8,9,10 6,13 6 3,7,8,10,12 1,3-5,7,12 4 4,5,7,8 7,8,11 end Ramphocelus bresilius VAA X,P+ 1,6,13 11 6 7,8,10,12 Tersina viridis VMF X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 4,5,7,8,12 8,11,12 Dacnis cayana V MF,AA X X X X X 6,13 11,1 8 2,7,9,11,12 5 3-5,7- Coereba flaveola V,A MF,AA X X 1 X 2,P+ 2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 10,12 7,8,9,10,11,12 Tiaris fuliginosus A5 Sporophila lineola V AA,NF X P+ 11 13 11 4,8,9,11,12 end Sporophila frontalis AMF Sporophila nigricollis V AA,NF X XX 3,4,7- Sporophila caerulescens C AA,NF X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,11 2,3,6,13 13 13 9,11,12 2-4,8-12 4,7,8 7,8,11 Sporophila leucoptera V,A AA X,P+ 2,13 13 13 4,12 Sporophila angolensis C AA,NF X 1,2,P+ 6,13 4 10 Emberizoides herbicola V AA,NF X,P+,R+ 6 13 3,4,7 Saltator similis PMF X X 8 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,10 1,2,6 6 3-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,7,8 end Saltator maxillosus RMF 1,P+,R+ 1-5,7,12 4 end Saltator fuliginosus RMF X 22 2,13 1-4,10,12 end Poospiza thoracica VMF 1,P+ 1,2 Microspingus lateralis R,P,C MF X X 6 1,2,6,P+,R+ 8 1-5,7-12 5 5,8,11 lypopsis sor dida VMF 2,P+ 6,13 6 3,5,7,9,12 end Pyrrhocoma ruficeps VMF X 5,7,8 Cardinalidae (3) Piranga flava VMF P+ Habia rubica V,A MF X XX 68 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Cyanoloxia brissonii R MF,AA 1X X 2 7,9,10 9 Fringillidae (5) Spinus magellanicus V AA,NF X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 5 8,12 1-4,7,9-12 5 11 Euphonia chlorotica AMF X X,P+ 2,6,13 13 13 4 Euphonia violacea X,R+ Euphonia cyanocephala VMF X end Euphonia pectoralis AMF X5 X X 1,P+,R+ 1,37,9-12 5,7,9 9 Estrildidae (1) Estrilda astrild VAA X 6 9,11 Passeridae (1) Passer domesticus VAA X,P+ 6 6 6 4,5,7-12 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Ornithology Research Springer Journals

A review of the ornithological knowledge of the northern Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil

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Springer Journals
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Copyright © Sociedade Brasileira de Ornitologia 2018
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2178-7875
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10.1007/bf03544413
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Abstract

Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 15–44. ARTICLE March 2018 A review of the ornithological knowledge of the northern Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, southeastern Brazil 1,2,3,6 2 4 5 Fabio Schunck , José Fernando Pacheco , Alexsander Z. Antunes , Ricardo Luís Gagliardi 2,3 & Luís Fábio Silveira Pós-Graduação, Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo. Rua do Matão, 101, travessa 14, 05508-090, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Comitê Brasileiro de Registros Ornitológicos – CBRO. Seção de Aves, Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Avenida Nazaré, 481, Ipiranga, 04263-000, São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Seção de Animais Silvestres, Divisão de Dasonomia do Instituto Florestal, Rua do Horto, 931, 02377-000 São Paulo, SP, Brazil. Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Maracanã, 20550-013, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Corresponding author: fabio_schunck@yahoo.com.br Received on 05 March 2017. Accepted on 05 February 2018. ABSTRACT: The northern portion of the Serra do Mar mountains in the state of São Paulo, near the border with the state of Rio de Janeiro, including a portion of the Rio Paraíba Valley, ranges between 450 and 1900 m a.s.l. in altitude and is composed of sub- montane and montane Atlantic Forest. It is unique in that the ornithological knowledge of the region can be traced back to the 19th century. Here we present a compilation of historical and recent data, including intensive field work undertaken between 1989 and 2015 in nine natural areas as well as the Bananal Ecological Station (BES), the only protected area in the region. A total of 371 bird species were recorded in the Bananal region and can be separated into two main bird communities, those of the higher Serra de Bananal and those of the lowlands of the Paraíba Valley. These are typical of the avifauna of the mountainous regions of the Serra do Mar and the Paraíba Valley, respectively. Of the above species, 23 lacked any recent records with a single possible extinction, 257 were recorded in the BES, 111 are endemic to the Atlantic Forest and 15 are listed as threatened. Despite its small size compared to other protected areas in the Serra do Mar, the BES and its surrounding areas have well preserved regional characteristics and are highlighted as an important area for bird conservation in the northern portion of the Serra do Mar in São Paulo. KEY-WORDS: Atlantic Forest, Bananal, Bocaina, Paraíba Valley, threatened species. INTRODUCTION São Paulo. In 1818 he collected along the Tropeiros Road, a route that once connected the cities of Rio de Janeiro and The Serra da Bocaina is located a long the border between São Paulo. Peter Lund (October 1833), E. Garbe (August the states of São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro and is part 1909), and H. Lüderwaldt (May 1924) later undertook of the Serra do Mar, a complex of mountain ranges that shorter expeditions (Pinto 1950, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. extend from the state of Santa Catarina to Rio de Janeiro. 1991, Willis & Oniki 2003). The first attempts to describe the avifauna of this region were made by A. Schneider, It has a pronounced altitudinal gradient ranging from sea level to over 2000 m a.s.l. (Almeida & Carneiro 1998). who collected at the locality known as the Sertão das This provides a range of environmental conditions that Cobras in August and September 1940 and February influence the composition of the region's avifauna, which 1942 (Pacheco & Bauer 1995). Another attempt was surpasses 400 species and has been considered as one of made by an expedition led by the Zoology Department of the Secretary of Agriculture of the state of São Paulo the richest in the Atlantic Forest (Mallet-Rodrigues et al. 2015). As well as harbouring a large number of threatened (currently the Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de and restricted range species, the Serra da Bocaina also São Paulo, MZUSP) which in August 1941 collected shelters about 60% of the species endemic to the Atlantic specimens in the region of the Serra de Bananal and Forest, the highest of any Brazilian IBA - Important Bird the “alto Rio Paca region/Fazenda Califórnia” (Pinto 1941, 1944, 1945). Additional material was collected in Area (Bencke et al. 2006). The Austrian naturalist Johan Natterer explored t he 1952, 1961, 1965 and 1977, and several ornithologists southern portion of the Serra da Bocaina, in the state of sporadically visited the Serra da Bocaina region, including Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Werner Bokermann (November 1964), E. Willis (8 visits 884 ha and is located in the municipality of Bananal, in between January 1985 and November 1996) and Dante the northern portion of the Serra do Mar/Bocaina, São Buzzetti and Jeremy Minns, who made expeditions to Paulo state, on the border with Rio de Janeiro (Fig. 1). Bananal Biological Station in 1995, 1996, 2003, 2004 It has an altitudinal gradient ranging between 1200 and and 2005, the data being partially published by Minns 1900 m a.s.l. with montane forest as the predominant et al. (2010). Specimens collected were deposited in the vegetation type (Fig. 2). However, cloud forest, Araucaria Natural History Museum of Los Angeles, MZUSP, and Forest, bamboo (Chusquea spp. and Merostachys sp.), the Field Museum of Natural History (Sick & Teixeira natural grassland and degraded areas in different stages of 1979, Willis & Oniki 1985, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. succession are also present near the station. We sampled 1991, Fonseca & Pacheco 2000, Willis & Oniki 2003). the avifauna at five main areas: Pedra Vermelha/Córrego As a result, ornithological knowledge of the Serra do Barbosa Trail, Ouro-Mirante Trail, Invernada Road, da Bocaina has accumulated over two centuries and it Encosta and Cachoeira Sete Quedas Trail, all close o o is certainly one of the few regions of the entire Atlantic to the headquarters (22 47'53''S; 44 21'35''W, 1200 Forest domain to have been continuously studied. m a.s.l.) and its access roads (Fig. 1). They all have This provides a unique opportunity for comparisons similar vegetation characteristics and consist mostly of to be made over a long time span. Here, we present a secondary forest in an advanced state of regeneration compilation of the existing ornithological knowledge of with relatively well defined verti cal stratification and an the area, based on historical data as well as the results herbaceous stratum composed of seedlings, terrestrial of intensive recent sampling expeditions to the region. bromeliads, and small ferns with a thick layer of litterfall. Changes in the bird community and biogeographical The understory reaches a height of between 5 and 10 m relationships have also been investigated by comparison and is characterized by the presence of Dicksonia ferns, of past and recent records. Geonoma palms, various vines and the saplings of many typical species, especially the Juçara Palm Euterpe edulis. The largest trees reach up to 20 m tall but a dense and METHODS continuous canopy has not yet formed along most of the sampling trails and is present only in certain areas, Study areas especially in the valley bottom. Another nine localities were also sampled: four on Bananal Ecological Station (BES): (Portuguese: Estação the slopes of the Paraíba Valley, at 450 m a.s.l. (B1, B2, B3 Ecológica de Bananal): this conservation unit conserves and B4), one intermediate area in the Serra de Bananal, at Figure 1. Location map of the Bananal Ecological Station-BES. The numbers correspond to the following localities: 1. Sertão das Cobras, 2. Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia), 3. vicinity of the BES, and some additional data contained in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991) (no exact locality and no indication on the map) and 4. Fazenda da Posse. The star indicates the location of the study areas within the BES. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Figure 2. View of a part of the Serra de Bananal. Photo author: F. Schunck. 1100 m a.s.l. (A) and another four near the BES, between portion of the BES, with which it is contiguous, the 900 and 1400 m a.s.l. (E1, E2, E3 and E4) (Fig. 1). All vegetation is similar to that found in the BES. It is adjoins had phytophysionomies similar to those found in the Fazenda Albion, which belongs to the same family. BES, besides areas with pristine vegetation, open or at Trilha do Pico Vermelho (E2) (22 47'17''S; other transitional stages of succession, according to the 44 21'58''W, 1400 m a.s.l.): located nearly 6 km from descriptions below. the eastern portion of the BES, the vegetation is mostly o o Sertão da Bocaina (A) (22 48'00''S; 44 27'49''W, similar to that found at the BES. 1100 m a.s.l.): located 8 km SW of the BES, near the Fazenda Conceição Rio do Braço (E3) (22 49'36''S; Trutário Aqua, it possesses a large artificial lake and 44 19'21''W, 900 m a.s.l.): located about 5 km from the a couple of areas of pasture and shrubby secondary southeastern portion of the BES, the property contains vegetation. Regenerating mountain forest covers the a clearing of 1 km by 300 m surrounded by primary surrounding slopes. mountain forest or forest in an advanced state of Forest fragment near Fazenda Três Barras (B1) regeneration. o o o (22 38'21''S; 44 17'59''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in Brejo Grande da Madeireira (E4) (22 49'09''S; the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it contains thick seasonal 44 21'39''W, 1000 m a.s.l.): a marshy area 1.5 km long, semideciduous forest within a pastureland matrix with running along the southern edge of the BES, consisting influence from the Bananal River, which forms its eastern of predominantly shrubby vegetation on waterlogged border. soils with an abundance of sedges. Forest fragment near Fazenda Boa Vista (B2) o o (22 39'59''S; 44 14'08''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in Bird sampling the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it contains thick seasonal semideciduous forest within a pastureland matrix, much Bananal Ecological Station (BES): field work at the BES of which were coffee plantations until some decades ago. was undertaken over seven field trips between 2003 and Fazenda Coqueiros fragment (B3) (22 41'01''S; 2015, with a total of 46 days of sampling (270 h; Table 1). 44 22'06''W, 450 m a.s.l.): located in the Paraíba Valley The first, second and fourth field trips were undertaken lowlands, it consists of seasonal semideciduous forest on by the MZUSP team, the third by the Instituto Florestal what was previously a farm. de São Paulo and the fifth, sixth and sevenths by J.F.P., o o Estrada do Sertão (B4) (22 43'31''S; 44 21'58''W, R.L.G. and other collaborators (Table 1). 450 m a.s.l.): located in the Paraíba Valley lowlands, it Birds were sampled by active searches, mist netting, consists predominantly of shrubby thicket vegetation in and collection with shotguns for deposition in the bird a pastureland matrix. Observations were made from the collection at MZUSP. Ten mist nets (12 × 2 m, 30 mm road. mesh) were opened along transects in areas 1, 4 and 5 o o Fazenda Encontro (E1) (22 47'30''S; 44 22'46''W, in the morning (between 5:00 h and 6:00 h) and closed 1200 m a.s.l.): located about 5 km from the northeastern in the evening (between 17:30 h and 18:00 h) for 20 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Table 1. Data from field trips at Bananal E cological Station (BES) and in the Bananal region, Brazil. Locality Field trip Hours field Researchers Field period BES 1 90:00 h L.F. Silveira, M. Sboarim & F. Belmonte between 01–20 December 2003 BES 2 120 h F. Schunck between 13–25 April 2004 BES 3 30 h A.Z. Antunes between 13–16 September 2011 BES 4 20 h L.F. Silveira, L.M. Lima & C.O.A. Gussoni between 12–19 December 2011 BES 5 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 20 February 2012 BES 6 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 07 September 2012 BES 7 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 01 January 2015 A 8a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 31 December 2012 A 9a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 30 March 2013 A 10a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco & F. Traiano 16 November 2013 A 11a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 02 March 2014 B1 1a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 24 September 1989 B1 2a 1:00 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 16 December 1990 B1 3a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer 03 January 1993 B1 4a 12:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi between 18–22 February 2012 B1 6a 12:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi between 12–14 October 2012 B1 13a 15:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 02–05 April 2015 B2 6a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 14 October 2012 B2 11a 2:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 March 2014 B2 13a 4:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 and 04 April 2015 B3 6a 6:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 13–14 October 2012 B3 13a 3:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03–04 April 2015 B4 1a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca 24 September 1989 B4 3a 0:30 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer 03 January 1993 B4 4a 4:00 h J F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 18–19 and 22 February 2012 B4 5a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 07–09 September 2012 B4 7a 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 02–04 November 2012 B4 8a 2:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 28–30 December 2012; 01 January 2013 B4 9a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 28–31 March 2013 B4 10a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 15–17 November 2013 B4 11a 3:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 01, 03 and 05 March 2014 B4 12a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 31 December 2014–04 January 2015 E1 1a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, B.M. Whitney & P.S.M. 23–24 September 1989 Fonseca E1 2a 8:00 h J.F. Pacheco & P.S.M. Fonseca between 15–16 December 1990 E1 3a 16:00 h J.F. Pacheco, P.S.M. Fonseca & C. Bauer between 31 December 1992–02 January 1993 E1 4a 12:00 h J F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 18–22 February 2012 E1 5a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer between 07–09 September 2012 E1 7a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 03–04 November 2012 E1 8a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 28 December 2012–01 January 2013 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Locality Field trip Hours field Researchers Field period E1 9a 17:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi, P.S.M Fonseca, between 28–31 March 2013 L. Trindade & L. Florit E1 10a 20:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 15–17 November 2013 E1 11a 24:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit between 01–05 March 2014 E1 12a 34:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit between 31 December 2014–04 January 2015 E2 4a 10:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 19–21 February 2012 E3 4a 4:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Florit 21 February 2012 E3 5a 7:00 h J.F. Pacheco & R.L. Gagliardi 08 September 2012 E3 7a 6:20 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 04 November 2012 E3 8a 6:00 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 30 December 2012 E3 9a 5:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & L. Trindade 30 March 2013 E4 5a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & C. Bauer 08 September 2012 E4 7a 2:00 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi & A.H. Oliveira 03 November 2012 E4 12a 4:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 31 December 2013 E4 9a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco, R.L. Gagliardi, P.S.M. Fonseca, 29 March 2013 L. Trindade & L. Florit E4 11a 1:30 h J.F. Pacheco & L. Florit 03 March 2014 consecutive days, with a total sampling effort of 2360 net with photographic and vocalisation records of Brazilian h. On field trips 1, 2 and 4 we sampled for 960, 1200 birds, such as WikiAves (WA) and xeno-canto (XC) and 200 net h, respectively (Table 1). Species recorded (www.xeno-canto.org). The keywor ds used were Bananal within a 5 km perimeter of the BES during the third field and Serra da Bocaina and the searches were completed in trip are indicated as being from the “Surroundings” in January 2017. Reliable and documented records by the Appendix I. ex-manager of the BES were also considered. Localities A, B and E: field work in the areas outside Localities where ornithological studies were the BES was undertaken in twelve fie ld trips between undertaken in the past included: (1) Sertão das Cobras; 1989 and 2015, mainly by J.F.P., R.L.G. and other (2) Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia); (3) collaborators. This totalled 321.5 h of field work; 233 h proximity to BES, and some additional data contained at sites A and E and 88 h at site B (Table 1). Records in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991); (4) Fazenda da were made by direct searches undertaken at different Posse (for one specimen collected by J.L. Lima) and (5) times of the day, such that a single locality was sometimes Bananal region, published by Minns et al. (2010) (Fig. revisited multiple times on the same day, since they are 1). We also considered the data cited for the Bananal close together. region but without exact location in the compilation Birds were observed with the aid of 10 × 40 and 8.5 made by Willis & Oniki (2003) (denoted by an X in × 40 binoculars. Vocalizations were recorded with Sony Appendix I). TCM 5000-EV and PMD222 Marantz recorders and Sennheiser ME 66 and Mineroff shotgun microp hones. Data analyses Recordings are deposited in the Arquivo Sonoro da Seção de Aves do MZUSP and the online database WikiAves Since the Bananal region possesses considerable altitudinal (www.wikiaves.com.br). Some species were documented variation, ranging from 450 to 1900 m a.s.l., a cluster by photographs, which are presently only available in the analysis was carried out to detect possible differences in personal collections of the authors, but may be accessed the bird community composition in this portion of the upon request. The nomenclature and systematics follow northern Serra do Mar in São Paulo. PAST v. 2.16 was Piacentini et al. (2015). used to calculate the Euclidian distance between sites Historical data: ornithological data from the Bananal based on species presence/ absence data. region was obtained by extensively searching through To detect possible local extinctions in the Bananal museum catalogues, scientific articles, books, CD-ROMs, avifauna, the data available in the bibliography was personal data not published and open access websites compared with that obtained in field trips since 1989. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION immediate surroundings of the BES, in the higher regions of the Serra de Bananal (Pinto 2012, Guerra 2014). Both P. flavigula and M. manacus, along with Coccyzus We present records of 371 bird species in the Bananal region, belonging to 24 orders and 67 families. Of these, melacoryphus, were the only species with historical records 348 were recorded in the field, 112 were endemic to the that were not recorded during our field work in the higher Atlantic Forest (Bencke et al. 2006), one is considered regions of the Serra de Bananal. The bird community of the higher regions of the threatened in Brazil (MMA 2014), and 16 threatened in Serra do Bananal is very similar to recently published the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014). The total corresponds to approximately 48% of the avifauna of the data for the higher parts (between 1000 and 1600 m state of São Paulo (793 species; Silveira & Uezo 2011), a.s.l.) of the Serra da Bocaina (Mallet-Rodrigues et which is highly noteworthy when compared to other al. 2015). However, nine species recorded in the Serra de Bocaina were not found in the Serra do Bananal, reserves that have been studied in the state (Table 2 & namely Glaucidium brasilianum, Triclaria malachitacea, Appendix I). In spite of the difference in the sampling effort Dysithamnus stictothorax, Laniisoma elegans, Phylloscartes between the higher parts of the Serra do Bananal and the oustaleti, Myiothlypis rivularis and Sporophila falcirostris. Paraíba Valley (Table 1), the cluster analysis showed two We recorded a total of 257 bird species for the study sites in the Bananal Ecological Station (BES) between avifauna communities across the altitudinal gradient. The 2003 and 2015 (two more unpublished records made first (204 species) occurs in the Paraíba Valley, at around 450 m a.s.l. (B) and the second (314 species) in the higher in 1995 by D. Buzzetti bring the total to 259 species), an regions of the Serra da Bananal, between 900 and 1400 m important conservation area that until now had not been a.s.l. (A, E and BES) (Figs. 1 & 3, Appendix I). We found systematically inventoried. This is a very h igh level of species richness for a single relatively small nature reserve of only various species typical of higher parts of the Serra do Mar 884 ha (Table 2 & Appendix I). When compared to the in the Serra da Bananal, such as Chamaeza ruficauda and Lipaugus ater, whilst important elements of the avifauna region as a whole, 12 species were found to be restricted to from lower areas, such as Veniliornis maculifrons and this reserve whilst 38 were found in the surrounding areas Cantorchilus longirostris, were still present on the slopes of (E) but still had not been recorded within the boundaries of the reserve. These were, in general , species of open or the Paraíba Valley. Even with this apparently well-defined very specific habitats that do not exist or are rare within the trend, there were exceptions, such as the occurrence of Piculus flavigula at Sertão das Cobras and Manacus reserve (Fig. 1, Appendix I). manacus along the upper Rio Paca (nearly 1000 m a.s.l.) The spec ies accumulation curve for the BES shows (Pinto 1944). Both are usually associated with lowland that our estimate of species richness is reaching a stable asymptote, with few new additions being made in the areas (Sick 1997). Manacus manacus has also been found final expeditions but this is, in part, due to the fact that between 800–1000 m a.s.l. near Macaé de Cima, Nova Friburgo, Rio de Janeiro state, where it was considered sampling was concentrated within the region around the uncommon (Pacheco et al. 2014). Other recent records reserve's headquarters. Further sampling in unsurveyed also show that V. maculifrons is present within the areas, especially with different habitats, would undoubtedly Table 2. Bird species richness in protected areas located in the Serra do Mar, São Paulo state. Number of Conservation Unit Area (ha) Source species Intervales State Park 354 41,700 Aleixo & Galetti 1997 and Vielliard & Silva 2001 Carlos Botelho State Park 370 37,644 Antunes et al. 2013 Turístico do Alto Ribeira State Park 319 35,772 Antunes & Eston 2010 Serra do Mar State Park, Curucutu Nucleus 373 36,134 Schunck et al. in prep. Juréia-Itatins Ecological Station 352 79,240 Develey et al. in prep. Boracéia Biological Station (including Casa 323 96 Cavarzere et al. 2010 Grande and part of Padre Dória Nucleus of Serra do Mar State Park) Bananal Ecological Station-BES 259 884 This study Serra do Mar State Park, Picinguaba Nucleus 254 47,000 Goerck 1997 Paranapiacaba Biological Reserve 183 336 Silveira 2009 Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. increase the curve (Fig. 4). The avifauna of th e BES is typical of the mountain regions of the Serra do Mar/ Bocaina, with species that occur above 700 m in altitude, such as Hydropsalis forcipata, Stephanoxis lalandi, Hylopezus nattereri, Hemitriccus obsoletus and Stephanophorus diadematus as well as those that occur above 1000 m a.s.l., including Drymophila genei and Microspingus lateralis. The presence of game birds, particularly Tinamus solitarius and Penelope obscura, and species dependent on forests in a good state of conservation and/or that are threatened, such as Selenidera maculirostris, Carpornis cucullata and Onychorhynchus swainsoni, attests to the low degree of disturbance at the BES. Examples of unsampled habitats in the reserve are the montane or high altitude grasslands found in the highest portions of the reserve to which there is little or no access. These areas may contain bird species typical of this habitat, such as Polystictus superciliaris and Anthus hellmayri. Indeed, the former was collected in 1961 by Figure 3. Cluster pattern for ten studied points at Bananal J.L. Lima at Rio Mambucaba (1350 m a.s.l.), Fazenda region. The localities indicated by the letter B are located in da Posse (Fig. 1) and there are historical records of the the Paraíba Valley, at lower altitudes. The localities indicated latter for the Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). by the letters A and E are located in the Serra de Bananal, at Both species have recently been photographed in the higher altitudes. municipality of São José do Barreiro (Martins 2008, Torrubia 2014), relatively close to the Serra do Bananal, besides the fact that they are frequently recorded around Campos do Jordão and Cunha, always in natural open habitats (Willis & Oniki 2003). Penelope superciliaris was also recorded by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015) in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina. Attention is drawn to a large and varied group of Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. Exp. species that were not found in the BES during this study, 2003 2004 2011a 2011b 2012a 2012b 2015 including various migrants and/or common species, others that are more reclusive and still others that are Figure 4. Accumulation curve for the species recorded at the difficult to identify in the field. Nevertheless, all have Bananal Ecological Station between 2003 and 2015. historical or recent records in the Bananal and surrounding municipalities. These are G laucidium minutissimum, Cypseloides fumigatus, Chlorostilbon lucidus, Drymophila ibis, Phacellodomus rufifrons and Coryphospingus pileatus. ferruginea, Psilorhamphus guttatus, M. manacus, Tityra All have significantly expanded t heir ranges southwards cayana, Elaenia parvirostris, Cnemotriccus fuscatus, into São Paulo state (Willis & Oniki 1993, Sick 1997, Contopus cinereus, Pyrrhocoma ruficeps , Poospiza thoracica Cestari & Pacheco 2010). and Euphonia violacea. The only species recor ded before When data regarding the birds of the Serra do 2004 in the BES that were not registered in the field by Bananal were compared before and after 1989 there were this study were Lepidocolaptes squamatus and Lipaugus 23 species for which no recent records had been made lanioides. The occurrence of these species requires in the region. Most of these were migratory species, dedicated investigation, as they are linked to specific waterbirds or species that rarely occur on the Brazilian habitats with punctuated distribution but they are very Plateau in São Paulo (Appendix I) and may thus still be likely to be recorded in future studies. recorded in future studies. Jacamaralcyon tridactyla, in Deforestation in the region surrounding the particular, deserves attention, since this species has not BES now provides new habitats for species of open been recorded since the 1940s (Collar et al. 1992), which strongly indicates that it has possibly become extinct environments. For example, Cyanocorax cristatellus has at both the local and the state level, having not been invaded the region through the Paraíba Valley, arriving in the Serra do Bananal in the 1990s (Alvarenga 1990, recently recorded at other historical sites (Silveira 2009a) (Appendix I & Fig. 1). Willis & Oniki 2003). Other examples include Bubulcus Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Species richness Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Noteworthy records of humid forest with more open and semi-deciduous vegetation types, which are preferred by this species. In Tinamus solitarius: considered “Vulnerable” in the list of 2009, André De Luca (pers. comm.) recorded this species threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo in Caraguatatuba, which corroborates the hypothesis of 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on all field trips to geographic expansion due to modifications in vegetation. the BES so it can be considered common in the reserve This scenario has also been confirmed in parts of Rio de and surrounding areas. In the higher regions of the Serra Janeiro and Minas Gerais states (Pacheco et al. 1994). da Bocaina it was recorded below 800 m a.s.l. (Mallet- Touit melanonotus: an Atlantic Forest endemic, Rodrigues et al. 2015). considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals Sarcoramphus papa: considered “Vulnerable” in the of the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014) and list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Endangered by the IUCN (2017). It was recorded Paulo 2008, 2014), this species was photographed flying on the first field trip to the BES (2003), where several over the headquarters of the BES by the former manager individuals flew, vocalising, over the forest surrounding in 2011. It is regarded as uncommon in the east of the the headquarters. Voice recordings were also obtained at state, with only a few documented records for the Serra Fazenda Encontro on the 04 March 2014 (of a group in do Mar and had not previously been observed in the flight) and from an area close to the BES in 2014, whilst Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). a historic record exists for the Bananal region cited by Pseudastur polionotus: an Atlantic Forest endemic, Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991). It was recorded only considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals at low elevations in the Serra da Bocaina by Mallet- in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), it was first Rodrigues et al. (2015). photographed in the BES in 2011 by the reserve manager Myrmoderus squamosus and M. loricatus: these are and more recently by other observers (WA1343324). species endemic to the Atlantic Forest with parapatric Records of this hawk in the northern parts of the Serra do distributions. The shortest distance between documented Mar and Mantiqueira have only begun to occur in the last records of the two taxa is precisely in the Bananal region— 10 years (Willis & Oniki 2003). In the Serra da Bocaina approximately 12 km, between the BES and Lídice in it was recorded below 800 m a.s.l. (Mallet-Rodrigues et the state of Rio de Janeiro (Amaral et al. 2013). For the al. 2015). BES, there is a documented record (museum skin) for M. Spizaetus tyrannus: considered “Vulnerable” in the squamosus and a recording of an alarm call attributed to list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São M. loricatus in Minns et al. (2010). The latter should be Paulo 2008, 2014). Recorded on all field trips to the disregarded, since these calls of the two species are very BES, it can be considered common in the reserve and similar and cannot be used for identification, and t he surrounding areas as well as the entire area of the Serra do species of the female giving the call was not certain (J. Mar and Bocaina lying in São Paulo (Mallet-Rodrigues et Minns, pers. comm.). In September 1989, an individual al. 2015). of M. loricatus was heard singing at Fazenda Encontro Claravis pretiosa: a widely distributed species in Brazil (E1), about 5 km from the northeastern portion of the and the state of São Paulo, where it is more frequently BES, but was never relocated on subsequent surveys. recorded in the summer months (Sick 1997, Willis & Therefore, based on the available records, we hypothesize Oniki 2003). Previously unknown in the Bananal region, that in the Serra da Bocaina M. squamosus is present along the first and only recor d was made in February 2012 on the moderately low coastal slopes, whilst M. loricatus uses the Trilha do Pico Vermelho (E2), in the high parts of the the slopes along the edge of the Paraíba Valley, where an mountain range. Our record is during the expected time exemplar was collected in Cruzeiro (SP) and examined by of year and may thus indicate seasonal movements, which Hellmayr (1924). What is most intriguing to us, however, requires further investigation. is the reason for the lack of recent records of this species in Primolius maracana: considered threatened in the the region. This justifies the need for new studies focusing state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), it was recorded on the biogeographical importance of the Bananal region. in the surroundings of BES in 2009 (WA193668) when Lepidocolaptes falcinellus: according to Silva & Straube a group of six individuals was seen during the third field (1996), this woodcreeper occurs from Rio Grande do Sul trip (2011). Historical records also exist for this species state northward to the left margin of the Paraíba do Sul th from the beginning of the 19 century (São José dos River, in northeastern São Paulo, where it is substituted by Campos; Pelzeln 1871). In Rio de Janeiro state, in the L. squamatus. Inclusion of L. falcinellus on the BES list is municipalities of Resende, Volta Redonda, Barra do Piraí based on a vocalization heard in 2003 and a visual record and Barra Mansa it is considered common (Pacheco et from 2011, when an individual was observed in a mixed al. 1994, Nunes 2003). Thus, it may be expanding its flock. The presence of L. squamatus in the Bananal region range into the Serra do Mar due to the substitution and in the BES, however, is certain (MZUSP 27133 and Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. 27134; Silva & Straube 1996, Fonseca & Pacheco 2000, coastal lowlands and restingas but this question requires D. Buzzetti, pers. comm.). A documented record of L. further study. falcinellus was recently made southwest of the BES in the Pyroderus scutatus: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Cunha region located between 50 and 70 km to the east this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of and northeast of the Paraíba do Sul River (R. Bessa, L. threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Lima & M.A. Rego, pers. comm.). According to Silva & 2008, 2014). It was recorded on all fie ld trips to the BES Straube (1996), this river is the geographical barrier for so can be considered common in the reserve, where it is the north/south separation of these species in the Atlantic historically well known (Willis & Oniki 2003). Various Forest. These recor ds of L. falcinellus to the northeast and other records exist from around the BES (including east of the Paraíba do Sul therefore prove that it is not a photographs and sound recordings). Despite the fact that geographical barrier to these woodcreepers and suggests this species is undergoing a population decline across the that they may be sympatric in this region. This was also interior of the state, because of habitat loss (Develey & found to be the case in the Serra da Mantiqueira in De Luca 2009), it is very common in the Serra do Mar, Minas Gerais, where interbreeding was detected between where it frequently occurs in rural areas and even city the two species (Vasconcelos & D'Angelo-Neto 2009). parks, such as in São Paulo (São Paulo 2010). However, further studies are necessary to better define the Lipaugus lanioides: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, distributions of both species as well as the areas in which this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of they may occur in sympatry. threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Leptasthenura setaria: the occurrence of this Tit- 2008, 2014). It is rare in the northern portion of the Spinetail is associated with the presence of araucaria Serra do Mar in São Paulo state, occasionally occurring pines (Araucaria angustifolia) which, in the state of in the lowlands around Ubatuba (Willis & Oniki 2003, São Paulo, extend throughout the Serra do Mar and Simpson et al. 2012). In the Serra da Bocaina it was Mantiqueira (Sick 1997, Willis & Oniki 2003, Antunes recorded between 0 and 500 m a.s.l. (Mallet-Rodrigues et al. 2007). It is common in the Bananal region, and its et al. 2015), whilst only a single record exists for the current presence within the BES and surroundings areas BES and the entire Serra de Bananal region, being voice is restricted to araucarias probably planted in the 1960s recording made by D. Buzzetti in March 1995. This is (Natália Ivanauskas, pers. comm.). also the highest record ever made in the Serra do Mar in Onychorhynchus swainsoni: endemic to the Atlantic São Paulo state, where it is only known to occur up to Forest, this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list 900 m a.s.l., according to Willis & Oniki (2003). of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Piprites pileata: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, 2008, 2014) and globally (IUCN 2017). It was only this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of recorded on the first field trip to the BES, where a single threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo male was mist netted on the Pedra Vermelha Trail, which 2008, 2014) and globally by the IUCN (2017). It was runs along a forested stream, their preferred habitat. A recorded on the third field trip to the BES. Another seven historical record was made in 1941 during an expedition records were obtained (including photographs and sound by the Departamento de Zoologia to the Serra de Bananal recordings) for the surrounding areas. It is typical of the (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia) and a photo taken in 2009 Serra da Mantiqueira but also occurs in this portion of (WA95542), documenting the presence of this interesting the Serra do Mar with both historical and recent records but still little known species in the region (Pinto 1944, in the Bananal region (Willis & Oniki 2003). It was not 1945). It was recorded only in the lower portion of the recorded in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina by Serra da Bocaina by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). Procnias nudicollis: endemic to the Atlantic Forest, Elaenia chilensis: a southern migratory species (Sick this species is considered “Vulnerable” in the list of 1983, Marini & Cavalcanti 1990, Willis & Oniki 2003) threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo that usually passes through the states of São Paulo, Rio 2008, 2014) and globally by the IUCN (2017). It was de Janeiro and Minas Gerais between February and recorded on five separate trips to the BES (1, 3, 4, 6 and April (Pacheco & Gonzaga 1994, Willis & Oniki 2003, 7), coinciding with the hottest period of the year, when Montanhini 2010). Its presence in the BES was detected the species vocalises more frequently in the higher regions during April 2004, along with individuals of Elaenia of the Serra do Mar. The only trips when bellbirds were mesoleuca (MZUSP 78357, 78358 and 78360). This not recorded were during February and April, which provides the first recor d of this species in the northern may represent a period of absence from the mountainous portion of Serra do Mar/Bocaina and the only one above regions or a period when they are less vocal and thus 1000 m a.s.l. in the state, providing new information less detectable. Sick (1997) confirmed t hat this species about its migratory route in Serra do Mar. It was not undergoes altitudinal movements, wintering in the recorded in the higher parts of the Serra da Bocaina by Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). relation to altitude, an issue typical of birds of the Serra do Mar. Sporophila angolensis: considered “Vulnerable” in the list of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on the ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS fourth field trip to the BES, when a male was captured by mist net in a partially open area with low vegetation We are thankful to the following people: José Roberto near the reserve headquarters. Another four records were Alves Suarez (Beto) (In memoriam), former manager of subsequently made around the BES and lower lying BES, for logistical support during field work; Hussam areas. These recor ds are important as they show that, even Zaher and Erika Hingst-Zaher for the opportunity to though this is one of the most sought after species in the work in BES; Paula for support during the campaigns of illegal songbird trade, because of its loud and complex 2003 and 2004; Marina Sboarim and Fernando Belmonte song, it has a stable population in the Bananal region, for their participation during the field trip of 2003; as is proven by both historical and recent records. This Douglas Souza (taxidermist), Caroline Aires, Hernani species was only recorded in the lower portions of the and Egnaldo Rocha for help with field work during Serra da Bocaina by Mallet-Rodrigues et al. (2015). the second and third field trips, respectively; Francisco Cyanoloxia brissonii: listed as “Vulnerable” in the list Boavista Pontual (our host), Luis Florit, Claudia Bauer, of threatened animals in the state of São Paulo (São Paulo Paulo S. M. Fonseca and Alfredo H. Oliveira actively 2008, 2014), this species was recorded on the third field participated in several field trips with J.F.P. and R.L.G.; trip to the BES, when an adult male was observed and Marina M. Kanashiro, from the Geosciences Section of recorded in a partially open area along the forest edge. Instituto Florestal, for preparation of the preliminary map Another five recor ds exist for the areas surrounding the and Marco Antonio Rêgo for preparation of the final BES and the lower lying regions. Willis & Oniki (2003) map; Leo R. Malagoli for help with Cluster analysis; also recorded the presence of this species in the Bananal Vitor Q. Piacentini for text revision; Dante Buzzetti for region, which shows that although it is also sought after providing unpublished information concerning BES: for the illegal songbird trade, it is still present in this Jeremy K. Dickens for first English revision; Rafael Bessa, region of the Serra do Mar. It was also only recorded in Luciano Lima, Carlos A. Gussoni, Pedro Develey, Vagner the lower portions of the Serra da Bocaina by Mallet- Cavarzere, Paulo Guerra, Rafael Fortes, Marco Guedes, Rodrigues et al. (2015). Roberto Torrubia, Luiz Ribenboim, Almir Almeida, Data collected in the field and from bibliographic Daniel Mello and Marco A. Rêgo for making available sources show that the bird diversity of the Bananal region non-published records and information; Fernando Straube is very high and divided into two main communities: and Bruno Rennó for clarifying historical information; one from the higher regions of the Serra de Bananal and and Jeremy Minns for help in the identification of some the other from the lowlands of the Paraíba do Sul River vocalizations, for providing some field data and with the Valley. However, only 259 out of the 371 recorded species final revision of Eng lish and the manuscript. The authors presently receive any kind of legal protection, by means also thank the Instituto Florestal do Estado de São Paulo, of the BES, which is the only reserve in the region. Thus, the Post Graduate Program of the Zoology Museum of the creation of new protected areas is essential in both the the University of São Paulo, the Fundação de Amparo à highlands of the Serra de Bananal as well as of the forest Pesquisa no Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), and UPS Brazil fragments in the Paraíba do Sul River Valley, where most (Bruno Ehlers). L.F.S. received a productivity fellowship the original forest cover has already been lost. The present from CNPq. study recorded 26 new species for the Bananal region and the absence of 23 previously recorded species, including J. tridactyla, possibly extinct in the state of São Paulo, given REFERENCES the lack of recent records from the current study site and elsewhere in the state. Nevertheless, many of these and Aleixo A. & Galetti M. 1997. 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Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 APPENDIX I Species of birds in the Bananal region. END - Species (taxa) endemic to the Atlantic Forest (according to Bencke et al. 2006); * Threatened species at the national level (according to MMA 2014); # Threatened species at the state level (according to São Paulo 2008, 2014) and + Introduced species; Evidence: V (visual record); A (auditory record); R (sound recording); P (photograph); P* (photograph deposited in WikiAves): C (collected specimen) and L (record by local people). Habitat: MF (Montane Forest), NF (Natural Grassland), AA (Open Anthropic Areas), FL (Flooded Areas). Species recorded within a 5 km perimeter of the BES are highlighted in the table with the letter S (surroundings) and groups of birds indicated by the letter G (Groups). The numbers indicated in column number 3 of BES field trips refer to the number of individuals recorded in the field and X corresponds to photographic re cords made by the manager of the reserve. The column “Historical and Current Data” refers to the compilation by Willis & Oniki (2003) for the entire Bananal region without exact location (denoted by X). Highlighted are the data from Sertão das Cobras (1) and Serra de Bananal (Rio Paca/Fazenda Califórnia) (2), the vicinity of the BES, and some additional data contained in Paynter-Jr. & Traylor-Jr. (1991) (3) (no exact locality), Fazenda da Posse (4) (for one specimen collected by J.L. Lima), (5) for records for the Bananal region published by Minns et al. (2010) and (6) for the relevant and documented records obtained by D. Buzzetti in March 1995 in the BES and not published by Minns et al. (2010). This column also contains modern records contained in online digital databases (WikiAves and xeno-canto) for the Bananal municipality (R+: recordings and P+: photographs). Species cited in the “Historical and Current Data” column do not have information in the columns Evidence and Habitat as this information was not available in the original sources. For numbers separated by a “-”, all intermediate values are valid. Data from field trips are found in Table 1. Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Tinamiformes Tinamidae (4) end # Tinamus solitarius R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X P+,R+ 7,10,11 5,7-9 5,7 5,7- Crypturellus obsoletus R,P MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,10 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 Crypturellus parvirostris AMF X X X 13 13 Crypturellus tataupa AMF X X 2,6,13 13 Anseriformes Anatidae (3) Dendrocygna bicolor X Dendrocygna viduata X Amazonetta brasiliensis P AA,FL X,P+ 82 7 Galliformes Cracidae (1) Penelope obscura R,C MF X X 12 X X X,5,P+ 10 6,13 6 4,5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7-9 5,9 Odontophoridae (1) end Odontophorus capueira R,P,C MF X X 6 X X P+,R+ 1,4,5,7-10,12 4,5 5,7,9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Podicipediformes Podicipedidae (2) Tachybaptus dominicus V AA,FL X,P+,R+ 8,9 Podilymbus podiceps P AA,FL X,P+,R+ 8,9,10 Suliformes Phalacrocoracidae (1) Nannopterum brasilianus P P+ 8,9,10 6 Anhingidae (1) Anhinga anhinga X,P+ Pelecaniformes Ardeidae (6) Nycticorax nycticorax P AA,FL P+ 9,10 Butorides striata V AA,FL P+ Bubulcus ibis VAA SP+ 6,13 6 4,5 Ardea alba P AA,FL P+ 8,9,10 13 7 8 Syrigma sibilatrix PAA 2P+ 6,13 4,7,12 12 4,7,8 9 Pilherodius pileatus X,P+ Cathartiformes Cathartidae (4) Cathartes aura V AA X 1 X X,P+ 11 6,13 6,13 13 5,8,9,12 4,5,8-12 9 Cathartes burrovianus VAA P+ 13 13 4,8,11,12 Coragyps atratus V AA X X6X X X,P+ 8,9,11 1-3,6,13 13 6,1 4,5,9-12 1,3-5,7-12 5,7,9 Sarcoramphus papa PAA X Accipitriformes Accipitridae (18) Leptodon cayanensis V MF,AA X X Chondrohierax uncinatus Elanoides forficatus L MF,AA Elanus leucurus X Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Harpagus diodon P,C MF X P+ 1,9,10,12 Accipiter superciliosus VMF X 99 9 Accipiter striatus VMF 1,2,P+ 1,4,5 5 Ictinia plumbea X Geranospiza caerulescens VMF 3 1 5,8 Heterospizias meridionalis PAA X,P+ 6 7 1-3,8,10-12 5,7,8 8,11 Rupornis magnirostris P MF,AA X X 3 X X X,P+ 10 6,13 13 4,7,8,10 1-5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7,8 5,7,8,11 Parabuteo leucorrhous VMF Geranoaetus albicaudatus V,A AA X X,P+ end # Pseudastur polionotus PAA X 5,P+ Buteo brachyurus VAA X X Buteo albonotatus VAA P+ Spizaetus tyrannus V MF X X1X X,P+ 1-4,8 4 7,8,9 Spizaetus melanoleucus VMF XP+ Gruiformes Rallidae (6) end Aramides saracura P FL X X 5 X X X X,P+ 8 13 6 1,3-5,7-12 4,8,9 7,8,9 Laterallus melanophaius VFL R+ 5,11 Laterallus leucopyrrhus VFL R+ Mustelirallus albicollis LFL X Pardirallus nigricans VFL X,P+ 110 4 Gallinula galeata P FL X,P+,R+ 8,9,10 2 Charadriiformes Charadriidae (1) Vanellus chilensis V,A AA,FL X X 2 X X X X X,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,13 6 4,7,9,10 5,9-12 4,5,7-9 9,11 Recurvirostridae (1) Himantopus melanurus X Jacanidae (1) Jacana jacana X Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Columbiformes Columbidae (9) 1,3-5,7- Columbina talpacoti P AA X X 2,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 6,11,13 6 9,11,12 5,7,8 Claravis pretiosa Columba livia V AA X,P+ 8 6,13 4,5,7-12 Patagioenas picazuro V MF,AA X X 2 X,P+ 9,10 6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7-10,12 12 5,7-9 Patagioenas cayennensis V,A MF X X 66 9 Patagioenas plumbea R MF X 3 X X X X 2,P+,R+ 8,10 1-3,5,7,8,10-12 5,7,8 5,7,8 Leptotila verreauxi A MF X X X,R+ 8,11 2,6,13 13 6 8 7,10,12 7,8 8 Leptotila rufaxilla R,P MF XX 2 X,P+ Geotrygon montana P,C MF X X 1 1 4,5,8-10,12 4 8 Cuculiformes Cuculidae (5) Piaya cayana V,A MF X X 1 XXX 1,P+ 2,6,13 11,1 6 7 1-5,7-12 4 8,9 9 Coccyzus melacoryphus P+ 1,4,7- Crotophaga ani V,A AA X X S 1,P+ 2,3,6,13 6,13 6,1 9,11,12 8 Guira guira V,A AA X X X,P+ 8 2,6,11 6,11 6 4,7 Tapera naevia AMF X X 1,6 6 12 1 Strigiformes Tytonidae (1) Tyto furcata VAA X Strigidae (6) Megascops choliba R,C MF X X 2 X 3,4,8,11,12 4 end Pulsatrix koeniswaldiana AMF X 1 6,R+ 1,7,12 4,5 end Strix hylophila R,C MF X X 1 X P+,R+ 8,11,12 4 5 end Glaucidium minutissimum AMF 5 Athene cunicularia VAA X X Asio stygius AMF 10 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Nyctibiiformes Nyctibiidae (1) Nyctibius griseus CMF X X P+,R+ 6 3,7,12 4 Caprimulgiformes Caprimulgidae (5) Lurocalis semitorquatus CMF X 1 X X,R+ 6 3,4,7,8,10,12 4 4,7 Nyctidromus albicollis V,A AA,NF X 1X 6 6 9,11,12 4 8 Hydropsalis longirostris V AA,NF Hydropsalis torquata V AA,NF X end Hydropsalis forcipata V AA,NF X 4,11 Apodiformes Apodidae (5) Cypseloides fumigatus V MF,AA X 9 1,2,8,12 Streptoprocne zonaris V,A MF,AA X G X X X X,P+ 6,13 6 6 4,7,11 1-5,9-12 4,5,8 Streptoprocne biscutata V MF,AA Chaetura cinereiventris V,A MF,AA X G X X 2,3,7,8,10,11 4,5,8 Chaetura meridionalis C MF,AA X S X X X 9,10 3,6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7-10 4 8 Trochilidae (16) end Ramphodon naevius VMF 3,4,7- Phaethornis pretrei VAA X,P+ 1,3,6,13 6,11 6,1 10,12 end Phaethornis eurynome P,C MF X X 4 X X 2,5,P+,R+ 11 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 Eupetomena macroura VAA X,P+ 6,13 11,1 6,1 7,10 end Aphantochroa cirrochloris V end Florisuga fusca V MF,AA X X X X P+ 8 6,13 6,1 3,8,9,11,12 4 4,7-9 8,9,11 4,5,7,8,10- Colibri serrirostris V MF,AA X X,P+ 3,6,13 6,13 6 12 Anthracothorax nigricollis V MF,AA X 6,13 end Stephanoxis lalandi R,P,C MF X X 3 X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 9 1-5,7-12 4 8 8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Chlorostilbon lucidus VAA X 1,6,13 6,11,13 6 4,12 1-3,11 8,11 end Thalurania glaucopis P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,P+ 13 13 6,1 1,4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 9 5,7- end Leucochloria albicollis CMF X 4 X X 2,P+ 8,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,9 9,11 Amazilia versicolor V MF,AA 12 13 4 Amazilia lactea VAA X,P+ 1,13 11,1 6,1 end Heliodoxa rubricauda R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,5,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 9,11 Calliphlox amethystina V MF,AA 1 2,P+ 6 7 1,3,11,12 7 Trogoniformes Trogonidae (3) Trogon viridis X,5 end Trogon surrucura R,P,C MF X X 10 X X 1,5,6,P+,R+ 10 6 6 1-3,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 Trogon rufus R,C MF X X 4 X X 1,2,5,6,P+ 1,5,8,12 5,7,8 8 Coraciiformes Alcedinidae (3) Megaceryle torquata V AA,FL X,P+ 8 13 7,9,12 8,10 Chloroceryle amazona V AA,FL Chloroceryle americana P AA,FL P+ 13 3 Momotidae (1) end Baryphtengus ruficapillus RMF 2 X Galbuliformes Galbulidae (1) end # Jacamaralcyon tridactyla X Bucconidae (2) Nystalus chacuru A MF,AA S X,P+ 6 11 4,9,12 end Malacoptila striata VMF X Piciformes Ramphastidae (4) Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Ramphastos toco VAA X,P+ 13 5,7 end Ramphastos dicolorus V,A MF X X 3 X X X X 1,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 7,8,9 5 end Selenidera maculirostris RMF 1 end # Pteroglossus bailloni V MF X Picidae (11) Picumnus cirratus V,A MF 1 1,2,P+ 6,13 6,13 6 3,4,7 8,10-12 5,7,9 5,8 Melanerpes candidus VAA S X,P+ 613 6 end Veniliornis maculifrons V X,P+ 6,13 13 6 end Veniliornis spilogaster RMF X 3 X 1,2,5,P+ 1-3,5,8,9,11,12 7,9 8 Piculus flavigula 1 end Piculus aurulentus P,C MF X X1X 2,6,P+ 1-3,5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5 Colaptes melanochloros V,A MF X X,P+ 8 6 6 6 7,8,10 1,3,10 Colaptes campestris V,A AA,NF X X S X,P+ 9,10 2,6,13 6,13 6 1,4,5,7,11,12 1-3,7,8,10 4,5,7-9 5,8,9 Celeus flavescens AMF X Dryocopus lineatus AMF X 1 2,P+ 13 6 7 4,5,8,9 11 end Campephilus robustus AMF X 2,5,6,P+,R+ 13 5,7,8,11,12 7 Cariamiformes Cariamidae (1) Cariama cristata PAA XX Falconiformes Falconidae (8) 1,2,4,5,7,8,10- Caracara plancus P AA X X 1 X X X X,P+ 9 1,6,13 6,13 6 5,11 12 4,5,8,9 9,11 4,5,7,10- Milvago chimachima P AA X X 2 X X,P+ 8,10,11 2,6,13 6,13 6 12 1,3,4,7-12 5,7-9 5,8 Herpetotheres cachinnans A MF,AA X X,P+ Micrastur ruficollis R,P,C MF X 4 X X,6,P+ 9,10 1,3,4,8,11,12 4 4,5,8 5,7,9 Micrastur semitorquatus PMF X P+,R+ Falco sparverius VAA X,P+ 6,13 7,9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Falco rufigularis VAA Falco femoralis VAA X X,P+ Psittaciformes Psittacidae (9) Primolius maracana VAA S X,P+ 13 6,13 6 7 1,3-5,7- Psittacara leucophthalmus V,A AA X X 14 X X,P+ 8 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 12 12 end Pyrrhura frontalis P,C MF X X 6 X X X 2,P+ 8,10,11 1-5,7-12 4 4,7-9 7,8,9 Forpus xanthopterygius AMF X 4 X,P+ 1,6,13 11,1 6,1 4,5,7-12 end Brotogeris tirica R MF X X4X X 2,5 13 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 end * # Touit melanonotus V,A MF X 3,R+ 1,11 end Pionopsitta pileata R,V,A MF X 4 1,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,9 8 Pionus maximiliani R,P MF X X 6 X X X X,P+ 1,6,13 13 6 4,7,8 1-5,7-12 4 4,8,9 8,9 end Amazona vinacea A Passeriformes Thamnophilidae (19) end Terenura maculata AMF X 4,5,7,8,9 end Rhopias gularis R,C MF X X 6 X X X 1 9 4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8,9 Dysithamnus mentalis R,P,C MF X X 4 X X 2 6,13 6 2,4,7,12 4,5,7-9 end Dysithamnus xanthopterus R,P,C MF X X 4 X X 1,2,5,6,P+R+ 1,2,4,5,8-12 4 7,8,9 Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus A Thamnophilus ruficapillus PMF S X X,P+ 13 3 4 5,7,9,11 Thamnophilus caerulescens R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,P+ 9,10 6,13 11 6 1-5,7-12 4,11 4,5,7-9 5,7-9 end Hypoedaleus guttatus A 5,7 Batara cinerea A,R MF X 4 X 1,6 1-5,8-12 5,7- end Mackenziaena leachii RMF X 5 1,2,6,P+ 1-5,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,8 9,11 end Mackenziaena severa AMF X XX 11 3 9 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end Myrmoderus cf. loricatus RMF 5 end Myrmoderus squamosus CMF X 5,7- end Pyriglena leucoptera P,C MF X X 6 XXX 1 10 6 1,3-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 end Drymophila ferruginea V,A MF X,P+ 2,6,13 end Drymophila rubricollis C MF 2 X X X X,5,6,P+,R+ 5,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 end Drymophila genei R,P MF 2 XX 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 end Drymophila ochropyga A MF X X,R+ 10,12 5 end Drymophila malura AMF 1 X,P+,R+ 10 5 Conopophagidae (1) end Conopophaga lineata R,P,C MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,5,6,P+ 9 6 8,1 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,8,9,11 Grallariidae (2) Grallaria varia R,C MF X 4 X X 1,6,R+ 1,3-5,7,8,10,12 end Hylopezus nattereri R,C MF X 3 X 1,6 1-5,7-12 4 8 5,7,8 Rhinocryptidae (4) end Merulaxis ater R MF X 2 X 1,2,R+ 1,4,7,8,10,12 4 7 8 end Eleoscytalopus indigoticus RMF X1 5,7 end Scytalopus speluncae RMF X 1 X,5,6,P+ 1-3,5,12 5 end Psilorhamphus guttatus AMF X X,R+ Formicariidae (2) end Chamaeza meruloides RMF 3 end Chamaeza ruficauda R,C MF X X 5 XXX 1,6,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8 Scleruridae (1) end Sclerurus scansor R,C MF X X3X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 1,3,9-12 4 4,5,7-9 Dendrocolaptidae (9) end Dendrocincla turdina AMF X X Sittasomus griseicapillus R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 10 1 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,11 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end Xiphorhynchus fuscus R,P,C MF X X 2 X X X 1,2,P+ 6 6 2,4,5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 end Campylorhamphus falcularius P,C MF X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6,13 6 12 8 Lepidocolaptes angustirostris PAA X X,P+ 6,13 end Lepidocolaptes squamatus VMF 2,6,P+,R+ 2,6,13 1,2,4,7,8,10-12 4 4,5,7 end Lepidocolaptes falcinellus V,A MF X 2 Dendrocolaptes platyrostris RMF X 1 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 1,3-5,7,9-12 4 4,7,8 Xiphocolaptes albicollis R,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,6 1,3-5,8-12 4 4,5,8 7,9 Xenopidae (2) Xenops minutus AMF X Xenops rutilans VMF X 1 XX 1,P+ 6,13 4 2,7-12 4 7,8,9 Furnariidae (22) Furnarius figulus V AA X,P+ 8,9 6,13 6,1 7,12 1,3,4,7- Furnarius rufus V,A AA X X S X X X,P+ 8,9,11 2,3,6,13 6,11,13 6 9,11,12 5 Lochmias nematura PMF X 2 X X 1,P+ 9,11 4 7,8,10 1-3,5,7-12 4 4,5,8,9 8,11 end Automolus leucophthalmus AMF X X end Anabazenops fuscus CMF X 3 X X 6 6 3,7,9 end Anabacerthia amaurotis CMF X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 7,12 4 9 end Anabacerthia lichtensteini VMF X 2,5 9 end Philydor atricapillus VMF X Philydor rufum P,C MF X X 8 XXX X 1,P+ 6,13 6 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 7,8,11 end Heliobletus contaminatus P,C MF X 12 X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 2,4,5,7,9-12 4 7,9 8 Syndactyla rufosuperciliata R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7,8,11 end Cichlocolaptes leucophrus R,C MF X X 3 X 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,9 end Leptasthenura setaria R,C MF X 2 X X X,P+,R+ 4,5,7-12 9 Phacellodomus rufifrons VAA SP+ 6,13 6,11,13 6,1 4,5,7-12 12 end Phacellodomus erythrophthalmus V,A MF S X,P+,R+ 1,2,6,13 11,1 6 5,7,12 1,9,12 4 5,8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 3-5,7- Anumbius annumbi VAA S X,P+,R+ 6,13 11 10,12 Certhiaxis cinnamomeus V,A FL X,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 11,1 6 4,7,8 end Synallaxis ruficapilla R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X 1,2,P+ 13 13 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 Synallaxis cinerascens A,C MF 2 X X X 10 7 Synallaxis albescens 6 13 4,7,9 1,3-5,7- 5,7- Synallaxis spixi P MF X X 2 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,9,10 1,3,6,13 6 10,12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 9,11 end Cranioleuca pallida R MF X 4 X X X 1,2,5,P+,R+ 10,11 6,13 13 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8,9 Pipridae (4) end Neopelma chrysolophum R,P,C MF X X 3 X X,6,P+,R+ 8 1,7,10,12 7,8,9 5,7 Manacus manacus A2 end Ilicura militaris R,P,C MF X X 3 X X 1,P+ 3-5,7,9-12 4 4,5,8,9 9 end Chiroxiphia caudata R,P,C MF X X 18 X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,13 11,1 6 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9,11 Oxyruncidae (1) Oxyruncus cristatus R,C MF X 2 X X 2,P+ 1,8,11,12 4 Onychorhynchidae (2) end # Onychorhynchus swainsoni P,C MF X 2,P+ Myiobius atricaudus P,C MF X X1X 2,P+ 8,10-12 9 Tityridae (6) end Schiffornis virescens R,P,C MF X X 8 X 1,P+ 1,2,4,5,7,9-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,11 Tityra cayana VMF Pachyramphus viridis R,C MF X 6 X 2,P+ 4 1-5,7,8,10,12 8 Pachyramphus castaneus A MF X 3 XXX X,5,P+ 6 1-5,7-12 4 5,7-9 Pachyramphus polychopterus R,C MF X X X X,P+,R+ 1,6,13 13 6 4 1-4,7-12 4 4,7-9 4,8 Pachyramphus validus R,C MF X 1 X X X X,P+ 6 3,4,7-12 4 9 4,8 Cotingidae (6) end Carpornis cucullata R,P,C MF X X 16 X X X X 1,2,5,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7,8 Phibalura flavirostris PMF X 1,P+ 4,5,8,11,12 4 8 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 end # Pyroderus scutatus P MF X X10X X,P+,R+ 8,10 4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 end Lipaugus ater R,P MF X X 8 X X X 1,2,6,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 8 end # Lipaugus lanioides 6 end # Procnias nudicollis R,P,C MF X 14 X X X X,P+,R+ 8,10 1-5,7,8,10,12 4,5,7,8 5,7,8 Pipritidae (2) Piprites chloris RMF X end # Piprites pileata RMF 2 X,6,P+,R+ 4,8,9,11,12 4 9 Platyrinchidae (1) Platyrinchus mystaceus R,P,C MF X X 5 X X 1,2,5,P+ 6 1,4,5,7-9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 Rhynchocyclidae (13) Mionectes rufiventris P,C MF X X2X X 1,2,P+ 6 3,5,7-9,11,12 5,7-9 8 Leptopogon amaurocephalus P MF X X4X X 1,P+ 11 6 5,7,8,10 5,7,8 8 Corythopis delalandi AMF Phylloscartes ventralis R,P,C MF X X 16 X X X 1,2,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9 end Phylloscartes difficilis AMF X 1,2,P+,R+ 1,2,4,5,7-12 4 Tolmomyias sulphurescens R,C MF X X 8 X X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 11,1 6 4,7,9,12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 end Todirostrum poliocephalum AMF 2 X X X X,P+ 9 6 11 3,7,10,12 1,4,5,7-12 4 4,5,7 7,9 Todirostrum cinereum VMF X X,P+ 8 6,13 6,11,13 6 7,8,9,10 Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps R,P MF X X 6 X X X 1,2,P+ 10 1-4,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 5,7-9 end Myiornis auricularis A,P MF X 3 X 2,P+ 6 1-5,9,11,12 4 4,5 end Hemitriccus diops V,A MF X end Hemitriccus obsoletus R,P,C MF X X 3 X X X 2,6,P+,R+ 1-5,7,10-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8 end Hemitriccus nidipendulus AAA X X,P+ 66 10 Tyrannidae (45) Hirundinea ferruginea VAA 1 X 1,P+ 13 11,1 3,12 1,4,5,10,12 Tyranniscus burmeisteri AMF XXX 2,P+,R+ 1,2,4,5,7-12 4 5,7-9 8 Camptostoma obsoletum P,C MF,AA X X 4 X X X,P+,R+ 10 1,6,13 6 1,5,7,9-12 5,7,8 8,9,11 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Elaenia flavogaster A MF,AA X X S X,P+ 6,13 6,13 6,1 1,4,7,10 2,5 Elaenia chilensis P,C MF X Elaenia parvirostris X Elaenia mesoleuca P,C MF X X X X 1,P+,R+ 8 2-4,7-10,12 4 4,8 8 Elaenia obscura P,C MF X X P+,R+ 2,5,7-12 5,7-9 Myiopagis caniceps AMF X X Capsiempis flaveola V X,P+ end Phyllomyias virescens V MF 2 X P+,R+ 1,5,7-12 5,7,8 Phyllomyias fasciatus R,C MF X 4 X X X,P+,R+ 10 13 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7-9,11 end Phyllomyias griseocapilla R MF X 1 XXX 2-5,7-12 4 4,5,8 8 Polystictus superciliaris 4,P+ Serpophaga nigricans P MF,FL 2,P+ 8,9 13 7 Serpophaga subcristata PMF X X2 X X 2,P+ 10 13 13 7 1,3,5,7,9-12 5 5,8,9 Attila phoenicurus P,C MF X X X X X,6,P+,R+ 8 2-5,7,8,10-12 4 5,7,8 8,11 end Attila rufus R,P,C MF X X 12 X X X 1,2,P+ 10 1,6 1-5,7-12 5,7-9 5,7-9 Legatus leucophaius AMF XX Myiarchus swainsoni R,P,C MF X 1 X X X X,P+,R+ 10 1,6 6 2-5,7-12 4 4,7 7,8 Myiarchus ferox C MF,AA X 1 8 1,6,13 11,1 6,1 8 7 Sirystes sibilator AMF X X Pitangus sulphuratus R MF X X 4 X X X X 2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 3,4,7-12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 5,8,9,11 3-5,7- Machetornis rixosa PAA X SX X,P+ 9 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 10,12 1-3,8,10-12 5,7,8 Myiodynastes maculatus A MF X 2 X X X 1,P+ 10,11 1,2,6 6 6 7,11,12 2-4,7,8,10-12 7,8 7,8,11 Megarynchus pitangua P MF,AA X X 2 X X X 2,6,13 6 4,7,8,10 2,3,5,8-12 4 4,8 7-9,11 Myiozetetes similis V,A MF,AA X X 2 X X X,P+ 8,9 6,13 11,1 13 4,5,7-12 1,4,7-12 4 4 9,11 1,3-5,7- Tyrannus melancholicus V,A,C MF,AA X 2 X X X X,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 6 10,12 1-4,7-12 4 4,7-9 7-9,11 Tyrannus savana P AA,NF X S X X,P+ 8,10 2,3,6 6 6 5,7,10,11 Empidonomus varius VMF X XX X,P+,R+ 8 1,6,13 13 6 3,7,8,12 3,8,10-12 7,8,11 Colonia colonus VMF X 1,2,P+ 6,13 13 6 1 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 5,7- Myiophobus fasciatus C MF X 1 X X X X,P+,R+ 8,11 6,13 11,1 6 7 1,3,5,7-12 4,5,7,9 9,11 Fluvicola nengeta P AA X X,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,13 6,1 5,7,8,12 2,10,11 5,8,9 Arundinicola leucocephala VAA X X 1,2,3 Gubernetes yetapa V AA,FL X Cnemotriccus fuscatus V,A MF X,P+,R+ Lathrotriccus euleri RMF X 3 1,R+ 6 13 6,1 1,2,5,7,9-12 7,8,9 8 Contopus cinereus PMF X 1,2,P+ 5,7-11 7 Knipolegus cyanirostris PMF X 1 X 1,2,P+ 1-5,7-12 7 9 1,3- Knipolegus lophotes PAA S X,P+ 2,3 6 5,7,10,12 end Knipolegus nigerrimus P AA,AL X 1,P+ Satrapa icterophrys V AA,AL X 1 86 7 Xolmis cinereus VAA Xolmis velatus VAA X,P+ 2 13 3,12 1 end Muscipipra vetula CMF X 1 1,2,P+ 1,7-10 7,8,9 5 Vireonidae (3) 5,7- Cyclarhis gujanensis R MF,AA X X 10 X X X X 1,2,5,P+ 9,10 1,2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 1,7, 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 end Hylophilus poicilotis R,C MF X X8X X 2,P+ 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8 Vireo chivi R,C MF,AA X X 4 X X X X,P+ 8,10 1,6 6 3,7,10,12 1-4,7-12 4 4,7,8 8 Corvidae (1) Cyanocorax cristatellus VAA S X,P+ 9,10 6,13 13 5,7,9 Hirundinidae (6) Pygochelidon cyanoleuca R,P,C AA X X 12 X X X X 2,P+ 8,10 1,3,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 3-5,7-12 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 8,9 Alopochelidon fucata X 1,3-5,7- Stelgidopteryx ruficollis VAA X S X 1,P+ 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 10,12 2,5,7, 5,7 Progne tapera VAA X 10 6 6 5 8 Progne chalybea VAA X X S P+ 2,3,6 6,11 6 7,8,10,12 Tachycineta leucorrhoa VAA X 66 6 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Troglodytidae (2) 1,4,5,7- Troglodytes musculus P MF,AA X X 2 X X X 2,P+ 8,9,10 6,13 6,11,13 6,1 12 1-3,5,7-12 5,7,8 5,7,8 Cantorchilus longirostris AMF X,P+ 1,2,6,13 13 6 Donacobiidae (1) Donacobius atricapilla X Turdidae (6) Turdus flavipes R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7,8,11 Turdus leucomelas C MF,AA X X X X,P+ 1,6,13 6,11,13 6 4,7,10,12 1,4,5,7,11 9 5,7- Turdus rufiventris R,P,C MF,AA X X 8 X X X X 2,P+,R+ 8,9,10,11 2,6,13 6,11,13 13 3-5,7,10,12 1-5,7-12 4,5,7-9 9,11 Turdus amaurochalinus R,P MF,AA X X 3 X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 13 6 3 1,5,7-12 5,7 5,7,11 Turdus subalaris P+ Turdus albicollis R,P,C MF X X 4 X X X X X,P+ 1,6, 13 6 1-3,5,7-12 4 4,5,7,8 8 Mimidae (1) 1,3-5,7- Mimus saturninus V AA,NF X S 1,2, P+ 10,11 2,6,13 13 6,1 9,11,12 7 Motacillidae (1) Anthus hellmayri X Passerellidae (3) 1,3,5,7- 5,7- Zonotrichia capensis P,C AA,NF X X 14 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 2,3,6,13 13 6 9,12 1-3,5,7-12 5,7-9 9,11 Ammodramus humeralis VAA X 3,6 11 6 3,7,12 end Arremon semitorquatus AMF X 1,6,13 10 Parulidae (4) Setophaga pitiayumi V,A MF XX X,P+ 6,13 6 10 5 Geothlypis aequinoctialis V,A AA,FL X X S X 1,2,P+,R+ 9,10,11 2,6,13 11,1 6 1,7, 1-3,10 4,7 5,8,9,11 Basileuterus culicivorus R,P,C MF X X 22 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 6,13 11,1 6 7,8 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 7-9,11 5,7- end Myiothlypis leucoblephara R,P,C MF X X 14 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,9,10,11 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 9,11 Icteridae (7) Psarocolius decumanus RAA X 3 X X X 8,9 6,13 5,7,9-12 7 7 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Cacicus chrysopterus R,P,C MF X X 10 X X X 1,2,5,P+ 9 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,8,9,11 Gnorimopsar chopi VAA S X,P+ 6,13 6 6 4,5,7,9,11,12 2 Chrysomus ruficapillus V AA,FL X P+ 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 4,7,12 Molothrus rufoaxillaris X Molothrus oryzivorus PAA XX Molothrus bonariensis P AA,NF X S X 2,P+ 8 2,6 6 6 3,7,8,10,12 1,3,5,7,8,10,12 5,8 Mitrospingidae (1) end Orthogonys chloricterus R,P MF 8 1,2 9 2,9-11 Thraupidae (42) end Orchesticus abeillei RMF X 2,5,R+ 5,7-12 4 Pipraeidea melanonota P,C MF,AA X X 3 X X 1,2,P+,R+ 2,5,7-12 5,7-9 5 Stephanophorus diadematus P MF X X X 1,2,P+,R+ 8 1-5,7-12 4 4,5,7-9 8,9,11 Cissopis leverianus V MF X X X,R+ 12 4 5 Schistochlamys ruficapillus V NF,AA X,P+ 2,6,13 13 3,7 3,9,12 7 5,8 Paroaria dominicana VAA P+ end Tangara cyanoventris VMF X,P+ 1,13 13 end Tangara desmaresti R MF X X 20 X X X 1,2,P+ 9,10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7-9 8 Tangara sayaca R,C MF,AA X X 10 X X X X X,P+ 8,10 1,2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 3-5,7-12 1-5,7-12 4,5,7,9 5,7,8 end Tangara cyanoptera R,C MF X X6X 1,2,6,P+,R+ 1,2,5,7-12 4 4,7-9 8 Tangara palmarum V,A MF,AA X X 2 X 1,P+ 6,13 6 4,5,7,8,12 12 5 end Tangara ornata PMF X 4 XXX X 1,2,5,P+ 10 1-5,7-12 4 4,7,8 5,8 Tangara cayana P MF X X 2 X,P+ 10 6,13 11 6,1 7,8,10 2,3,5,7-12 5,7 5 Nemosia pileata V MF,AA 6,13 Conirostrum speciosum VMF X 6,13 13 6 Sicalis citrina X Sicalis flaveola P AA 2 X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,11 2,6,13 6,13 6,1 3,4,7-12 4,5,8-12 5,7-9 8 end Haplospiza unicolor P,C MF X X1X X 1,6,P+ 2-4,7-12 4,8,9 11 end Hemithraupis ruficapilla V MF X 1 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Th Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Volatinia jacarina V AA,NF X X,P+ 8 2,3,6,13 6,13 6,1 3,4,7-12 2 1,2,4,5,7- Trichothraupis melanops R,P,C MF X X 6 X X X X 1,2,P+ 613 6 9,11,12 4 4,5,7-9 5,7 Coryphospingus pileatus VAA 7 2,6 4 end Tachyphonus coronatus P,C MF X X X X 1,2, P+,R+ 8,9,10 6,13 6 3,7,8,10,12 1,3-5,7,12 4 4,5,7,8 7,8,11 end Ramphocelus bresilius VAA X,P+ 1,6,13 11 6 7,8,10,12 Tersina viridis VMF X X X,P+ 8 1,6,13 4,5,7,8,12 8,11,12 Dacnis cayana V MF,AA X X X X X 6,13 11,1 8 2,7,9,11,12 5 3-5,7- Coereba flaveola V,A MF,AA X X 1 X 2,P+ 2,6,13 6,11,13 6,1 10,12 7,8,9,10,11,12 Tiaris fuliginosus A5 Sporophila lineola V AA,NF X P+ 11 13 11 4,8,9,11,12 end Sporophila frontalis AMF Sporophila nigricollis V AA,NF X XX 3,4,7- Sporophila caerulescens C AA,NF X X X X 1,2,P+ 8,11 2,3,6,13 13 13 9,11,12 2-4,8-12 4,7,8 7,8,11 Sporophila leucoptera V,A AA X,P+ 2,13 13 13 4,12 Sporophila angolensis C AA,NF X 1,2,P+ 6,13 4 10 Emberizoides herbicola V AA,NF X,P+,R+ 6 13 3,4,7 Saltator similis PMF X X 8 X X X 1,2,P+ 8,10 1,2,6 6 3-5,7-12 4 4,5,7,9 5,7,8 end Saltator maxillosus RMF 1,P+,R+ 1-5,7,12 4 end Saltator fuliginosus RMF X 22 2,13 1-4,10,12 end Poospiza thoracica VMF 1,P+ 1,2 Microspingus lateralis R,P,C MF X X 6 1,2,6,P+,R+ 8 1-5,7-12 5 5,8,11 lypopsis sor dida VMF 2,P+ 6,13 6 3,5,7,9,12 end Pyrrhocoma ruficeps VMF X 5,7,8 Cardinalidae (3) Piranga flava VMF P+ Habia rubica V,A MF X XX 68 Ornithological review of an area in the northern Serra do Mar, southeastern Brazil Schunck et al. Revista Brasileira de Ornitologia 26(1): 2018 Bananal region Taxa Evidence Habitat Bananal Ecological Station (Field trip) (historical and Bananal region (Field trip) current data) 1 2 3 456 7 A B1 B2 B3 B4 E1 E2 E3 E4 Cyanoloxia brissonii R MF,AA 1X X 2 7,9,10 9 Fringillidae (5) Spinus magellanicus V AA,NF X X 1,2,P+,R+ 6 5 8,12 1-4,7,9-12 5 11 Euphonia chlorotica AMF X X,P+ 2,6,13 13 13 4 Euphonia violacea X,R+ Euphonia cyanocephala VMF X end Euphonia pectoralis AMF X5 X X 1,P+,R+ 1,37,9-12 5,7,9 9 Estrildidae (1) Estrilda astrild VAA X 6 9,11 Passeridae (1) Passer domesticus VAA X,P+ 6 6 6 4,5,7-12

Journal

Ornithology ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Mar 1, 2018

Keywords: Atlantic Forest; Bananal; Bocaina; Paraíba Valley; threatened species

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