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A Comparison of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) Diurnal Activity Between Winter and Summer Seasons in Captivity

A Comparison of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) Diurnal Activity Between Winter and Summer Seasons... Studies on captive animals provide information in terms of their welfare, health, management and exposition of natural behavior. A comparative study on diurnal activity of a captive male Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) between winter and summer was carried out from November 2016 to May 2017 at Sajjangarh Biological Park, Udaipur (Rajasthan), India. The daily activity pattern of Sloth bear exhibited two peaks; the first initial peak was between first hour of observation i.e. 1000–1100 h, while second lower peak was between 0400 and 0500 h. Mid-day hours were reduced activity period. Most of activities showed similar daily routine in both seasons except basking, drinking and bathing (P < 0.05) and was seen possibly related to thermoregulation of animal in summer. Animal was found more active during winter (41.85%) then summer (38.07%), while overall majority of time was spend in resting (29.1%) and walking (22.6%). Resting was accounted highest in summer while walking was highest in winter season. No stereotypic behaviour was observed during the study. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Proceedings of the Zoological Society Springer Journals

A Comparison of Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus) Diurnal Activity Between Winter and Summer Seasons in Captivity

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © Zoological Society, Kolkata, India 2020
ISSN
0373-5893
eISSN
0974-6919
DOI
10.1007/s12595-020-00345-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Studies on captive animals provide information in terms of their welfare, health, management and exposition of natural behavior. A comparative study on diurnal activity of a captive male Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) between winter and summer was carried out from November 2016 to May 2017 at Sajjangarh Biological Park, Udaipur (Rajasthan), India. The daily activity pattern of Sloth bear exhibited two peaks; the first initial peak was between first hour of observation i.e. 1000–1100 h, while second lower peak was between 0400 and 0500 h. Mid-day hours were reduced activity period. Most of activities showed similar daily routine in both seasons except basking, drinking and bathing (P < 0.05) and was seen possibly related to thermoregulation of animal in summer. Animal was found more active during winter (41.85%) then summer (38.07%), while overall majority of time was spend in resting (29.1%) and walking (22.6%). Resting was accounted highest in summer while walking was highest in winter season. No stereotypic behaviour was observed during the study.

Journal

Proceedings of the Zoological SocietySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 17, 2020

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