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The aim of this study was to assess the potential harmful effects of neonicotinoids inside honey bee colonies and especially on the honey bee pest, Varroa destructor. This paper shortly summarized previous studies which investigated the toxicity of neonicotinoids to honey bees. The possible exposure routes of these insecticides to Varroa mites inside and outside bee colonies were studied. And finally, the link between the adverse effects of neonicotinoids and Varroa mite life cycle in the brood cells and the influence of these chemicals on the mites inside bee colonies were investigated. It was concluded that the application of neonicotinoid insecticides on a variety of agricultural crops may result in the exposure of honey bees to these chemicals and as a consequence, Varroa mites (parasites living inside bee colonies) also got exposed to these insecticides indirectly. The present study re-emphasized on ecotoxicological attempts assessing the risk of these insecticides to honey bees as well as on ecological and behavioral aspects of their application inside bee colonies.
Proceedings of the Zoological Society – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 20, 2020
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