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Resonant absorption for multilayer quantum well and quantum dot solar cells

Resonant absorption for multilayer quantum well and quantum dot solar cells Abstract.Epitaxially grown quantum well and quantum dot solar cells suffer from weak light absorption, strongly limiting their performance. Light trapping based on optical resonances is particularly relevant for such devices to increase light absorption and thereby current generation. Compared to homogeneous media, the position of the quantum layers within the device is an additional parameter that can strongly influence resonant absorption. However, this effect has so far received little attention from the photovoltaic community. We develop a theoretical framework to evaluate and optimize resonant light absorption in a thin slab with multiple quantum layers. Using numerical simulations, we show that the position of the layers can make the difference between strong absorption enhancement and completely suppressed absorption, and that an optimal position leads to a resonant absorption enhancement two times larger than average. We confirm these results experimentally by measuring the absorption enhancement from photoluminescence spectra in InAs/GaAs quantum dot samples. Overall, this work provides an additional degree of freedom to substantially improve absorption, encouraging the development of quantum wells and quantum dots-based devices such as intermediate-band solar cells. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Photonics for Energy SPIE

Resonant absorption for multilayer quantum well and quantum dot solar cells

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Publisher
SPIE
Copyright
© 2022 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE)
ISSN
1947-7988
eISSN
1947-7988
DOI
10.1117/1.jpe.12.022203
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract.Epitaxially grown quantum well and quantum dot solar cells suffer from weak light absorption, strongly limiting their performance. Light trapping based on optical resonances is particularly relevant for such devices to increase light absorption and thereby current generation. Compared to homogeneous media, the position of the quantum layers within the device is an additional parameter that can strongly influence resonant absorption. However, this effect has so far received little attention from the photovoltaic community. We develop a theoretical framework to evaluate and optimize resonant light absorption in a thin slab with multiple quantum layers. Using numerical simulations, we show that the position of the layers can make the difference between strong absorption enhancement and completely suppressed absorption, and that an optimal position leads to a resonant absorption enhancement two times larger than average. We confirm these results experimentally by measuring the absorption enhancement from photoluminescence spectra in InAs/GaAs quantum dot samples. Overall, this work provides an additional degree of freedom to substantially improve absorption, encouraging the development of quantum wells and quantum dots-based devices such as intermediate-band solar cells.

Journal

Journal of Photonics for EnergySPIE

Published: Apr 1, 2022

Keywords: quantum dots; quantum wells; photovoltaics; intermediate-band; resonant absorption

References