Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Growth factor-mediated interaction between tumor cells and stromal fibroblasts in an experimental model of human small-cell lung cancer

Growth factor-mediated interaction between tumor cells and stromal fibroblasts in an experimental... Malignant tumors induce development of their own stromal tissues during the processes of growth, progression and metastasis. Since the vascular architecture among the various stromal elements is well known to facilitate tumor growth and has been a target of therapy, the importance of stromal fibroblasts has recently been established. To elucidate the interaction between the tumor and its stromal fibroblasts, the present study took advantage of a unique experimental model consisting of a human small-cell lung cancer cell line, WA-ht, and its mouse stromal fibroblast cell line, WA-mFib, both originally derived from a xenograft tumor in a mouse subcutis. Co-culture with the WA-mFib cells significantly augmented the plating efficiency of WA-hT cells in vitro, and their co-inoculation in nude mice shortened latency and tumor doubling time. Histochemical detection of β-gal, transfected into WA-mFib cells, demonstrated their contribution to the nude mouse xenograft tumor formation as its tumor stroma. Elevated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) from fibroblasts followed by elevated production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from both tumor cells and fibroblasts were demonstrated by ELISA in supernatants of their co-culture, accompanied by enhanced colonogenicity of the tumor cells; these enhanced features were not observed in their respective monocultures. Antisense oligonucleotides to HGF cancelled these augmentation effects with co-culture. The findings highlight the substantial roles of tumor stromal fibroblasts, interacting with soluble growth factors, in promoting the malignant propensity of the tumor. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Oncology Reports Spandidos Publications

Growth factor-mediated interaction between tumor cells and stromal fibroblasts in an experimental model of human small-cell lung cancer

Loading next page...
 
/lp/spandidos-publications/growth-factor-mediated-interaction-between-tumor-cells-and-stromal-dzoHktW4q6
Publisher
Spandidos Publications
Copyright
Copyright © Spandidos Publications
ISSN
1021-335X
eISSN
1791-2431
DOI
10.3892/or.14.4.823
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Malignant tumors induce development of their own stromal tissues during the processes of growth, progression and metastasis. Since the vascular architecture among the various stromal elements is well known to facilitate tumor growth and has been a target of therapy, the importance of stromal fibroblasts has recently been established. To elucidate the interaction between the tumor and its stromal fibroblasts, the present study took advantage of a unique experimental model consisting of a human small-cell lung cancer cell line, WA-ht, and its mouse stromal fibroblast cell line, WA-mFib, both originally derived from a xenograft tumor in a mouse subcutis. Co-culture with the WA-mFib cells significantly augmented the plating efficiency of WA-hT cells in vitro, and their co-inoculation in nude mice shortened latency and tumor doubling time. Histochemical detection of β-gal, transfected into WA-mFib cells, demonstrated their contribution to the nude mouse xenograft tumor formation as its tumor stroma. Elevated hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) from fibroblasts followed by elevated production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) from both tumor cells and fibroblasts were demonstrated by ELISA in supernatants of their co-culture, accompanied by enhanced colonogenicity of the tumor cells; these enhanced features were not observed in their respective monocultures. Antisense oligonucleotides to HGF cancelled these augmentation effects with co-culture. The findings highlight the substantial roles of tumor stromal fibroblasts, interacting with soluble growth factors, in promoting the malignant propensity of the tumor.

Journal

Oncology ReportsSpandidos Publications

Published: Oct 1, 2005

There are no references for this article.