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What Mediates the Macro-Level Effects of Economic and Social Stress on Crime?

What Mediates the Macro-Level Effects of Economic and Social Stress on Crime? AbstractSocial disorganisation theorists maintain that structural variables, such aspoverty, ethnic heterogeneity and geographic mobility, exert their effects oncrime by reducing the level of informal social control or collective efficacy ina neighbourhood. There is a large body of individual level evidence, however,which suggests that structural variables exert their effects on offending bydisrupting the parenting process (e.g., by reducing the level of parentalsupervision).The purpose of this article is to report the results of anaggregate-level study designed to investigate whether the aggregate-leveleffects of poverty, ethnic heterogeneity and geographic mobility on rates ofjuvenile participation in crime are produced by raising the level of childneglect in a neighbourhood. The results support this hypothesis. Possiblelimitations of the study are discussed and suggestions for more definitiveresearch are put forward. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology SAGE

What Mediates the Macro-Level Effects of Economic and Social Stress on Crime?

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
0004-8658
eISSN
1837-9273
DOI
10.1375/acri.39.3.384
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractSocial disorganisation theorists maintain that structural variables, such aspoverty, ethnic heterogeneity and geographic mobility, exert their effects oncrime by reducing the level of informal social control or collective efficacy ina neighbourhood. There is a large body of individual level evidence, however,which suggests that structural variables exert their effects on offending bydisrupting the parenting process (e.g., by reducing the level of parentalsupervision).The purpose of this article is to report the results of anaggregate-level study designed to investigate whether the aggregate-leveleffects of poverty, ethnic heterogeneity and geographic mobility on rates ofjuvenile participation in crime are produced by raising the level of childneglect in a neighbourhood. The results support this hypothesis. Possiblelimitations of the study are discussed and suggestions for more definitiveresearch are put forward.

Journal

Australian & New Zealand Journal of CriminologySAGE

Published: Dec 1, 2006

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