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Study on wind load shape factor of long-span stadium roof

Study on wind load shape factor of long-span stadium roof A long-span stadium roof has always been a wind load sensitive system, given its usual complex curved surface. However, there is no definite method for calculating the wind load shape factor of the complex building in the code. Based on this, the standard k−ε model was applied to the computational fluid dynamics numerical simulation of a long-span stadium roof at the wind attack angles of 0°–180°. The pressure distribution on the top and bottom surfaces of the stadium roof and the wind load shape factor were obtained by numerical simulation. The results show that the negative pressure was dominant on the top surface of the roof and the positive pressure was dominant on the bottom surface of the stadium at the wind attack angle of 0°. The ring-shaped curtain wall made the wind field environment more complicated, mainly under the wind attack angles of 45° and 180°. Because of the dip angles at both ends of the roof, the wind pressure distribution at both ends of the roof was opposite to the main region. The maximum wind load shape factors of each region were negative. In addition, the maximum wind load shape factor was at 45°, which was −1.1. The maximum wind load shape factors in regions of R13–R19 were larger, which should be paid attention in design stage. In general, the wind load shape factors were large in the central region and small at both ends. The wind load shape factors of the roof were bounded by 90°, showing an anti-symmetric trend. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

Study on wind load shape factor of long-span stadium roof

Advances in Structural Engineering , Volume 23 (11): 10 – Aug 1, 2020

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2020
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1177/1369433220908111
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A long-span stadium roof has always been a wind load sensitive system, given its usual complex curved surface. However, there is no definite method for calculating the wind load shape factor of the complex building in the code. Based on this, the standard k−ε model was applied to the computational fluid dynamics numerical simulation of a long-span stadium roof at the wind attack angles of 0°–180°. The pressure distribution on the top and bottom surfaces of the stadium roof and the wind load shape factor were obtained by numerical simulation. The results show that the negative pressure was dominant on the top surface of the roof and the positive pressure was dominant on the bottom surface of the stadium at the wind attack angle of 0°. The ring-shaped curtain wall made the wind field environment more complicated, mainly under the wind attack angles of 45° and 180°. Because of the dip angles at both ends of the roof, the wind pressure distribution at both ends of the roof was opposite to the main region. The maximum wind load shape factors of each region were negative. In addition, the maximum wind load shape factor was at 45°, which was −1.1. The maximum wind load shape factors in regions of R13–R19 were larger, which should be paid attention in design stage. In general, the wind load shape factors were large in the central region and small at both ends. The wind load shape factors of the roof were bounded by 90°, showing an anti-symmetric trend.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Aug 1, 2020

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