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Societal Access Routes and Developmental Pathways: Putting Social Structure and Young People's Voice Into the Analysis of Pathways Into and Out of Crime

Societal Access Routes and Developmental Pathways: Putting Social Structure... AbstractCentral to pathways research is the analysis of the social processes involved inhuman action and the influences that have shaping qualities. At the heart ofthese social processes are human beings who exercise agency and help constructthemselves and their environments. Shaping influences include changing socialstructures; political ideologies and policy innovations; and changes takingplace in the cultural sphere of social life. In studying the actions ofindividuals within changing social environments it is important to make adistinction between individual developmental pathways and societalaccess routes. Access routes appear in different forms to differentpeople in terms of accessibility and attractiveness. Understanding thisperceptual dimension requires listening to the voices of children and youngpeople.This is illustrated by reference to the work of the United Kingdom (UK)Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) research network, PathwaysInto and Out of Crime, which shows how culture, structure and policy influenceyoung people's everyday lives and decisions. It also shows that what youngpeople really value is not programs but a supportive relationship with anonjudgmental adult who is able to help them negotiate their way throughdifficult circumstances. The focus of prevention efforts should be on changingsocial arrangements to create opportunities and systems that facilitate theformation of such supportive structures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Australian & New Zealand Journal of Criminology SAGE

Societal Access Routes and Developmental Pathways: Putting Social Structure and Young People's Voice Into the Analysis of Pathways Into and Out of Crime

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
0004-8658
eISSN
1837-9273
DOI
10.1375/acri.39.3.295
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

AbstractCentral to pathways research is the analysis of the social processes involved inhuman action and the influences that have shaping qualities. At the heart ofthese social processes are human beings who exercise agency and help constructthemselves and their environments. Shaping influences include changing socialstructures; political ideologies and policy innovations; and changes takingplace in the cultural sphere of social life. In studying the actions ofindividuals within changing social environments it is important to make adistinction between individual developmental pathways and societalaccess routes. Access routes appear in different forms to differentpeople in terms of accessibility and attractiveness. Understanding thisperceptual dimension requires listening to the voices of children and youngpeople.This is illustrated by reference to the work of the United Kingdom (UK)Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) research network, PathwaysInto and Out of Crime, which shows how culture, structure and policy influenceyoung people's everyday lives and decisions. It also shows that what youngpeople really value is not programs but a supportive relationship with anonjudgmental adult who is able to help them negotiate their way throughdifficult circumstances. The focus of prevention efforts should be on changingsocial arrangements to create opportunities and systems that facilitate theformation of such supportive structures.

Journal

Australian & New Zealand Journal of CriminologySAGE

Published: Dec 1, 2006

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