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Seismic Performance of Guideway Sliding Isolator with Gap Springs for Precision Machinery

Seismic Performance of Guideway Sliding Isolator with Gap Springs for Precision Machinery The performance of gap springs in a guideway sliding isolator (GSI) system developed to protect precision machinery against seismic motion has been studied. A spring is initially distanced from the system by a gap, causing the isolation system to exhibit nonlinear performance once the gap is closed, reducing the chance of resonance. A full-scale shaking table test of a 22-ton specimen and a numerical model simulation in SAP2000 have been performed. The study shows that springs possessing the appropriate gaps are more effective in controlling relative displacements than is a pure friction system. The optimal gap for a system subjected to far-field earthquakes was found to be 5mm. In addition, supplemental viscous damping of less than 15% of the critical damping had no significant effect on the GSI system far-field seismic response, but it did reduce the relative displacements of the system for near-fault seismic excitations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

Seismic Performance of Guideway Sliding Isolator with Gap Springs for Precision Machinery

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2008 SAGE Publications
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1260/136943308786412032
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The performance of gap springs in a guideway sliding isolator (GSI) system developed to protect precision machinery against seismic motion has been studied. A spring is initially distanced from the system by a gap, causing the isolation system to exhibit nonlinear performance once the gap is closed, reducing the chance of resonance. A full-scale shaking table test of a 22-ton specimen and a numerical model simulation in SAP2000 have been performed. The study shows that springs possessing the appropriate gaps are more effective in controlling relative displacements than is a pure friction system. The optimal gap for a system subjected to far-field earthquakes was found to be 5mm. In addition, supplemental viscous damping of less than 15% of the critical damping had no significant effect on the GSI system far-field seismic response, but it did reduce the relative displacements of the system for near-fault seismic excitations.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Oct 1, 2008

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