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Real-world outcomes of adjuvant gemcitabine versus gemcitabine plus capecitabine for resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma:

Real-world outcomes of adjuvant gemcitabine versus gemcitabine plus capecitabine for resected... Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment after curative-intent surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The phase-3 ESPAC-4 trial demonstrated significantly improved overall survival (OS) with Gemcitabine plus capecitabine (GemCap) over Gemcitabine (Gem) in Europe. We conducted a retrospective efficacy and safety evaluation of GemCap versus Gem in an Asian population. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 292 patients with PDAC who received adjuvant Gem or GemCap after curative resection between January 2017 and December 2020 at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Results: Adjuvant Gem and GemCap were administered to 161 (55.1%) and 131 (44.8%) patients, respectively. The Gem group had significantly older patients (median 66 versus 63 years, p = 0.001); otherwise, the groups had similar baseline characteristics. With median follow-up durations of 39.4 [95% confidence interval (CI), 36.9–45.0] and 39.4 (95% CI, 34.7–41.6) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, the median OS was 36.8 (95% CI, 29.7–43.5) and 46.1 (95% CI, 31.5–not reached) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, respectively [unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5–1.0; p = 0.07). The median recurrence-free survival was 14.3 (95% CI, 12.9–17.7) and 17.0 (95% CI, 13.3–28.2) months, respectively (p = 0.5). Hand-foot skin reactions (any grade, 15.3% versus 0.6%; p < 0.001), neutropenia (78.6% versus 67.7%, p = 0.04) and thrombocytopenia (30.5% versus 20.5%, p = 0.04) were more common in the GemCap group. Multivariate analysis revealed adjuvant GemCap – compared with Gem – to be significantly associated with better OS (adjusted HR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4–0.9; p = 0.01). Otherwise, moderate or poor histological grade, lymph node positivity, positive resection margin, and elevated CA 19-9 (>median) were significantly associated with worse OS. Conclusions: Adjuvant GemCap showed the consistent clinical outcomes with the ESPAC-4 trial. As mFOLFIRINOX is the new standard treatment for medically fit patients with resected PDAC, further evaluation of optimal adjuvant chemotherapy in daily practice is warranted. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology SAGE

Real-world outcomes of adjuvant gemcitabine versus gemcitabine plus capecitabine for resected pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma:

Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology , Volume 14: 1 – May 9, 2022

Abstract

Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment after curative-intent surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The phase-3 ESPAC-4 trial demonstrated significantly improved overall survival (OS) with Gemcitabine plus capecitabine (GemCap) over Gemcitabine (Gem) in Europe. We conducted a retrospective efficacy and safety evaluation of GemCap versus Gem in an Asian population. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 292 patients with PDAC who received adjuvant Gem or GemCap after curative resection between January 2017 and December 2020 at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Results: Adjuvant Gem and GemCap were administered to 161 (55.1%) and 131 (44.8%) patients, respectively. The Gem group had significantly older patients (median 66 versus 63 years, p = 0.001); otherwise, the groups had similar baseline characteristics. With median follow-up durations of 39.4 [95% confidence interval (CI), 36.9–45.0] and 39.4 (95% CI, 34.7–41.6) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, the median OS was 36.8 (95% CI, 29.7–43.5) and 46.1 (95% CI, 31.5–not reached) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, respectively [unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5–1.0; p = 0.07). The median recurrence-free survival was 14.3 (95% CI, 12.9–17.7) and 17.0 (95% CI, 13.3–28.2) months, respectively (p = 0.5). Hand-foot skin reactions (any grade, 15.3% versus 0.6%; p < 0.001), neutropenia (78.6% versus 67.7%, p = 0.04) and thrombocytopenia (30.5% versus 20.5%, p = 0.04) were more common in the GemCap group. Multivariate analysis revealed adjuvant GemCap – compared with Gem – to be significantly associated with better OS (adjusted HR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4–0.9; p = 0.01). Otherwise, moderate or poor histological grade, lymph node positivity, positive resection margin, and elevated CA 19-9 (>median) were significantly associated with worse OS. Conclusions: Adjuvant GemCap showed the consistent clinical outcomes with the ESPAC-4 trial. As mFOLFIRINOX is the new standard treatment for medically fit patients with resected PDAC, further evaluation of optimal adjuvant chemotherapy in daily practice is warranted.

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © 2022 by SAGE Publications Ltd unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
ISSN
1758-8340
eISSN
1758-8359
DOI
10.1177/17588359221097190
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: Adjuvant chemotherapy is the standard treatment after curative-intent surgery for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The phase-3 ESPAC-4 trial demonstrated significantly improved overall survival (OS) with Gemcitabine plus capecitabine (GemCap) over Gemcitabine (Gem) in Europe. We conducted a retrospective efficacy and safety evaluation of GemCap versus Gem in an Asian population. Methods: This retrospective analysis included 292 patients with PDAC who received adjuvant Gem or GemCap after curative resection between January 2017 and December 2020 at Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. Results: Adjuvant Gem and GemCap were administered to 161 (55.1%) and 131 (44.8%) patients, respectively. The Gem group had significantly older patients (median 66 versus 63 years, p = 0.001); otherwise, the groups had similar baseline characteristics. With median follow-up durations of 39.4 [95% confidence interval (CI), 36.9–45.0] and 39.4 (95% CI, 34.7–41.6) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, the median OS was 36.8 (95% CI, 29.7–43.5) and 46.1 (95% CI, 31.5–not reached) months in the Gem and GemCap groups, respectively [unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.7; 95% CI, 0.5–1.0; p = 0.07). The median recurrence-free survival was 14.3 (95% CI, 12.9–17.7) and 17.0 (95% CI, 13.3–28.2) months, respectively (p = 0.5). Hand-foot skin reactions (any grade, 15.3% versus 0.6%; p < 0.001), neutropenia (78.6% versus 67.7%, p = 0.04) and thrombocytopenia (30.5% versus 20.5%, p = 0.04) were more common in the GemCap group. Multivariate analysis revealed adjuvant GemCap – compared with Gem – to be significantly associated with better OS (adjusted HR = 0.6; 95% CI, 0.4–0.9; p = 0.01). Otherwise, moderate or poor histological grade, lymph node positivity, positive resection margin, and elevated CA 19-9 (>median) were significantly associated with worse OS. Conclusions: Adjuvant GemCap showed the consistent clinical outcomes with the ESPAC-4 trial. As mFOLFIRINOX is the new standard treatment for medically fit patients with resected PDAC, further evaluation of optimal adjuvant chemotherapy in daily practice is warranted.

Journal

Therapeutic Advances in Medical OncologySAGE

Published: May 9, 2022

Keywords: adjuvant therapy; capecitabine; gemcitabine; gemcitabine/capecitabine; pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma

References