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Novel insights into the biomarkers and therapies for primary central nervous system lymphoma:

Novel insights into the biomarkers and therapies for primary central nervous system lymphoma: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare and highly aggressive extranodal type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. After the introduction and widespread use of high-dose-methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based polychemotherapy, treatment responses of PCNSL have been improved. However, long-term prognosis for patients who have failed first-line therapy and relapsed remains poor. Less invasive diagnostic markers, including the circulating tumor DNAs (ctDNAs), microRNAs, metabolomic markers, and other novel biomarkers, such as a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL) and B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), have shown potential to distinguish PCNSL at an early stage, and some of them are related with prognosis to a certain extent. Recent insights into novel therapies, including Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, immune checkpoint inhibitors, PI3K/mTOR inhibitors, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, have revealed encouraging efficacy in treatment response, whereas the duration of response and long-term survival of patients with relapsed or refractory PCNSL (r/r PCNSL) need further improvement. In addition, the diagnostic efficiency of novel markers and the antitumor efficacy of novel therapies are needed to be assessed further in larger clinical trials. This review provides an overview of recent research on novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic strategies for PCNSL. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology SAGE

Novel insights into the biomarkers and therapies for primary central nervous system lymphoma:

Novel insights into the biomarkers and therapies for primary central nervous system lymphoma:

Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology , Volume 14: 1 – May 4, 2022

Abstract

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare and highly aggressive extranodal type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. After the introduction and widespread use of high-dose-methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based polychemotherapy, treatment responses of PCNSL have been improved. However, long-term prognosis for patients who have failed first-line therapy and relapsed remains poor. Less invasive diagnostic markers, including the circulating tumor DNAs (ctDNAs), microRNAs, metabolomic markers, and other novel biomarkers, such as a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL) and B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), have shown potential to distinguish PCNSL at an early stage, and some of them are related with prognosis to a certain extent. Recent insights into novel therapies, including Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, immune checkpoint inhibitors, PI3K/mTOR inhibitors, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, have revealed encouraging efficacy in treatment response, whereas the duration of response and long-term survival of patients with relapsed or refractory PCNSL (r/r PCNSL) need further improvement. In addition, the diagnostic efficiency of novel markers and the antitumor efficacy of novel therapies are needed to be assessed further in larger clinical trials. This review provides an overview of recent research on novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic strategies for PCNSL.

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © 2022 by SAGE Publications Ltd unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
ISSN
1758-8340
eISSN
1758-8359
DOI
10.1177/17588359221093745
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare and highly aggressive extranodal type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. After the introduction and widespread use of high-dose-methotrexate (HD-MTX)-based polychemotherapy, treatment responses of PCNSL have been improved. However, long-term prognosis for patients who have failed first-line therapy and relapsed remains poor. Less invasive diagnostic markers, including the circulating tumor DNAs (ctDNAs), microRNAs, metabolomic markers, and other novel biomarkers, such as a proliferation inducing ligand (APRIL) and B-cell activating factor of the TNF family (BAFF), have shown potential to distinguish PCNSL at an early stage, and some of them are related with prognosis to a certain extent. Recent insights into novel therapies, including Bruton tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitors, immunomodulatory drugs, immune checkpoint inhibitors, PI3K/mTOR inhibitors, and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, have revealed encouraging efficacy in treatment response, whereas the duration of response and long-term survival of patients with relapsed or refractory PCNSL (r/r PCNSL) need further improvement. In addition, the diagnostic efficiency of novel markers and the antitumor efficacy of novel therapies are needed to be assessed further in larger clinical trials. This review provides an overview of recent research on novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic strategies for PCNSL.

Journal

Therapeutic Advances in Medical OncologySAGE

Published: May 4, 2022

Keywords: CAR T cells; diagnostic markers; novel agents; precision therapies; primary central nervous system lymphoma

References