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Identification of Tall Shear Buildings under Unknown Seismic Excitation with Limited Output Measurements

Identification of Tall Shear Buildings under Unknown Seismic Excitation with Limited Output... Due to the fact that some structural external excitations such as earthquakes and wind forces can not be accurately measured under actual operating conditions, it is necessary to investigate algorithms for structural identification under unknown earthquakes. In this paper, an algorithm based on the extended Kalman estimator approach is proposed for the identification of structural parameters and unknown excitation of tall shear-type buildings with only partial measurements of structural absolute acceleration responses. The equation of motion of a tall shear building under ground motion is established in the absolute co-ordinate system, in which the ground-motion input is applied to the 1st floor of the building as an unknown excitation. Based on substructure approach, the tall building is decomposed into substructures. For each substructure above the 1st floor, substructural relative responses and parameters are identified by extended Kalman estimator. For the substructure containing the 1st floor, it is proposed that substructural extended state vector is firstly identified by the extended Kalman estimator and the unknown excitation is subsequently estimated by least-squares estimation. Then, the 1st story stiffness is estimated based on structural eigenvalue equation and the expansion of the determinate of the structural eigen-matrix. The unknown ground motion is identified by the Newmark-β method. A numerical simulation example demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed algorithm. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

Identification of Tall Shear Buildings under Unknown Seismic Excitation with Limited Output Measurements

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2013 SAGE Publications
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1260/1369-4332.16.11.1839
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Due to the fact that some structural external excitations such as earthquakes and wind forces can not be accurately measured under actual operating conditions, it is necessary to investigate algorithms for structural identification under unknown earthquakes. In this paper, an algorithm based on the extended Kalman estimator approach is proposed for the identification of structural parameters and unknown excitation of tall shear-type buildings with only partial measurements of structural absolute acceleration responses. The equation of motion of a tall shear building under ground motion is established in the absolute co-ordinate system, in which the ground-motion input is applied to the 1st floor of the building as an unknown excitation. Based on substructure approach, the tall building is decomposed into substructures. For each substructure above the 1st floor, substructural relative responses and parameters are identified by extended Kalman estimator. For the substructure containing the 1st floor, it is proposed that substructural extended state vector is firstly identified by the extended Kalman estimator and the unknown excitation is subsequently estimated by least-squares estimation. Then, the 1st story stiffness is estimated based on structural eigenvalue equation and the expansion of the determinate of the structural eigen-matrix. The unknown ground motion is identified by the Newmark-β method. A numerical simulation example demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed algorithm.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Nov 1, 2013

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