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Evolutionary power spectral density analysis on the wind-induced buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui

Evolutionary power spectral density analysis on the wind-induced buffeting responses of Sutong... Recent field measurements on long-span bridges during typhoon events have captured strong nonstationary features in the buffeting responses. In this study, the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui in 2012 recorded by structural health monitoring system are analyzed to represent the nonstationary characteristics. As an accurately measured state variable, the acceleration response of the main girder is first selected to evaluate its own original stationarity in different time intervals using the run test method. The acceleration response of the main girder can be regarded as a zero-mean nonstationary random process which is in demand to extract its transient features in time–frequency domain. Hence, the evolutionary power spectral density (EPSD) of the acceleration responses, which can present the local turbulence energy distribution in both frequency and time domains, is estimated using the wavelet-based method. Also, an average wavelet spectrum is obtained by averaging the square values of wavelet coefficients along the time axis, and the comparison between the average wavelet spectrum and Fourier spectrum shows a great conformance which indirectly verifies the validity of the obtained evolutionary power spectral density. The results of this study exhibit that there are strong nonstationary characteristics existing in the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui, and it is essential to incorporate the nonstationary features of winds in the analysis or design of long-span bridges from an aerodynamic viewpoint. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

Evolutionary power spectral density analysis on the wind-induced buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui

Evolutionary power spectral density analysis on the wind-induced buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui

Recent field measurements on long-span bridges during typhoon events have captured strong nonstationary features in the buffeting responses. In this study, the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui in 2012 recorded by structural health moni- toring system are analyzed to represent the nonstationary characteristics. As an accurately measured state variable, the acceleration response of the main girder is first selected to evaluate its own original stationarity in different time intervals using the run test method. The acceleration response of the main girder can be regarded as a zero-mean nonstationary random process which is in demand to extract its transient features in time–frequency domain. Hence, the evolutionary power spectral density (EPSD) of the acceleration responses, which can present the local turbulence energy distribution in both frequency and time domains, is estimated using the wavelet-based method. Also, an average wavelet spectrum is obtained by averaging the square values of wavelet coefficients along the time axis, and the comparison between the average wavelet spectrum and Fourier spectrum shows a great conformance which indirectly verifies the validity of the obtained evolutionary power spectral density. The results of this study exhibit that there are strong nonstationary characteristics existing in the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui, and it is essential to incorporate the nonstationary features of winds in the analysis or design of long-span bridges from an aerodynamic viewpoint. Keywords evolutionary power spectral density, nonstationary buffeting response, Sutong Bridge, typhoon, wavelet transform of EPSD, which defines the time–frequency expression Introduction of energy, to reveal all the transient components in The underlying assumption in Alan G. Davenport nonstationary processes. Wind Loading Chain is that the fluctuating wind and In the field of signal processing, the...
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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2016
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1177/1369433216660024
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Recent field measurements on long-span bridges during typhoon events have captured strong nonstationary features in the buffeting responses. In this study, the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui in 2012 recorded by structural health monitoring system are analyzed to represent the nonstationary characteristics. As an accurately measured state variable, the acceleration response of the main girder is first selected to evaluate its own original stationarity in different time intervals using the run test method. The acceleration response of the main girder can be regarded as a zero-mean nonstationary random process which is in demand to extract its transient features in time–frequency domain. Hence, the evolutionary power spectral density (EPSD) of the acceleration responses, which can present the local turbulence energy distribution in both frequency and time domains, is estimated using the wavelet-based method. Also, an average wavelet spectrum is obtained by averaging the square values of wavelet coefficients along the time axis, and the comparison between the average wavelet spectrum and Fourier spectrum shows a great conformance which indirectly verifies the validity of the obtained evolutionary power spectral density. The results of this study exhibit that there are strong nonstationary characteristics existing in the buffeting responses of Sutong Bridge during Typhoon Haikui, and it is essential to incorporate the nonstationary features of winds in the analysis or design of long-span bridges from an aerodynamic viewpoint.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Feb 1, 2017

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