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Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Weekly Low-Dose Cisplatin for Japanese Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Weekly Low-Dose Cisplatin for Japanese Patients With Head and... Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with tri-weekly high-dose cisplatin (HDC) is considered the standard regimen. However, due to significant toxicity, various weekly low-dose schedules have been increasingly used. We investigated the tolerability and survival of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who underwent CCRT with low-dose weekly cisplatin (LDC) for Japanese population. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted among patients with HNSCC who were treated with CCRT/LDC in our institute. Ninety-five patients who met the criteria were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the cycle and cumulative cisplatin dose, completion rate of radiotherapy, adverse events, and survival outcome. Results: The mean cycles and cumulative cisplatin dose were 4.7 cycles and 187 mg/m2. All patients completed planned dose of radiation without prolonged breaks. Leucopoenia was the most frequent dose-limiting factor and 44% patients developed grade 3 or 4 toxicity. The 2-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival were 93% and 74%, respectively. The significant differences of survival outcomes between the patients with total cisplatin dose (⩾200 mg and <200 mg) or among age distribution (35-55, 56-75, and ⩾76) were not observed. Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy/LDC can be safely administered with acceptable toxicity and survival outcome even if the patients with higher age, lower eGFR, and so on. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology SAGE

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Weekly Low-Dose Cisplatin for Japanese Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy With Weekly Low-Dose Cisplatin for Japanese Patients With Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

Clinical Medicine Insights: Oncology , Volume 15: 1 – Oct 4, 2021

Abstract

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with tri-weekly high-dose cisplatin (HDC) is considered the standard regimen. However, due to significant toxicity, various weekly low-dose schedules have been increasingly used. We investigated the tolerability and survival of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who underwent CCRT with low-dose weekly cisplatin (LDC) for Japanese population. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted among patients with HNSCC who were treated with CCRT/LDC in our institute. Ninety-five patients who met the criteria were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the cycle and cumulative cisplatin dose, completion rate of radiotherapy, adverse events, and survival outcome. Results: The mean cycles and cumulative cisplatin dose were 4.7 cycles and 187 mg/m2. All patients completed planned dose of radiation without prolonged breaks. Leucopoenia was the most frequent dose-limiting factor and 44% patients developed grade 3 or 4 toxicity. The 2-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival were 93% and 74%, respectively. The significant differences of survival outcomes between the patients with total cisplatin dose (⩾200 mg and <200 mg) or among age distribution (35-55, 56-75, and ⩾76) were not observed. Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy/LDC can be safely administered with acceptable toxicity and survival outcome even if the patients with higher age, lower eGFR, and so on.

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Publisher
SAGE
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Copyright © 2022 by SAGE Publications Ltd unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses
eISSN
1179-5549
DOI
10.1177/11795549211048417
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with tri-weekly high-dose cisplatin (HDC) is considered the standard regimen. However, due to significant toxicity, various weekly low-dose schedules have been increasingly used. We investigated the tolerability and survival of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) who underwent CCRT with low-dose weekly cisplatin (LDC) for Japanese population. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted among patients with HNSCC who were treated with CCRT/LDC in our institute. Ninety-five patients who met the criteria were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the cycle and cumulative cisplatin dose, completion rate of radiotherapy, adverse events, and survival outcome. Results: The mean cycles and cumulative cisplatin dose were 4.7 cycles and 187 mg/m2. All patients completed planned dose of radiation without prolonged breaks. Leucopoenia was the most frequent dose-limiting factor and 44% patients developed grade 3 or 4 toxicity. The 2-year overall survival and recurrence-free survival were 93% and 74%, respectively. The significant differences of survival outcomes between the patients with total cisplatin dose (⩾200 mg and <200 mg) or among age distribution (35-55, 56-75, and ⩾76) were not observed. Conclusions: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy/LDC can be safely administered with acceptable toxicity and survival outcome even if the patients with higher age, lower eGFR, and so on.

Journal

Clinical Medicine Insights: OncologySAGE

Published: Oct 4, 2021

Keywords: Head and neck cancer; chemoradiotherapies; concomitant; cisplatin

References