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Computational analysis of reinforced concrete structures subjected to fire using a multilayered finite element formulation

Computational analysis of reinforced concrete structures subjected to fire using a multilayered... Fire is a critical risk in reinforced concrete (RC) structures and appropriate structural resistance against it has to be ensured. In this contribution, an approach using corotational layered beam finite elements is employed in which the cross-section temperature is derived from a low-cost closed form model, as opposed to the more commonly used fully computational thermal analysis. The effect of geometrical and material nonlinearities (constitutive behavior fitted to experimental data for concrete and steel), material degradation as a function of temperature rise, and the contributions of thermal, transient, and creep strains are incorporated in the structural analysis. The computational results are favorably compared to experimental data from the literature for an RC beam and for a larger RC frame. Taking benefit of the layered beam formulation offering local insight into the cross-sectional and material behavior, the relationship between the structural degradation and data extracted from the cross-sectional behavior is successfully established. Noteworthy originalities of the contribution are the use of ultimate strain and its evolution as a function of temperature for both materials and the explanation of the observed structural response in fire conditions from cross-sectional data. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

Computational analysis of reinforced concrete structures subjected to fire using a multilayered finite element formulation

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2021
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1177/13694332211029732
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fire is a critical risk in reinforced concrete (RC) structures and appropriate structural resistance against it has to be ensured. In this contribution, an approach using corotational layered beam finite elements is employed in which the cross-section temperature is derived from a low-cost closed form model, as opposed to the more commonly used fully computational thermal analysis. The effect of geometrical and material nonlinearities (constitutive behavior fitted to experimental data for concrete and steel), material degradation as a function of temperature rise, and the contributions of thermal, transient, and creep strains are incorporated in the structural analysis. The computational results are favorably compared to experimental data from the literature for an RC beam and for a larger RC frame. Taking benefit of the layered beam formulation offering local insight into the cross-sectional and material behavior, the relationship between the structural degradation and data extracted from the cross-sectional behavior is successfully established. Noteworthy originalities of the contribution are the use of ultimate strain and its evolution as a function of temperature for both materials and the explanation of the observed structural response in fire conditions from cross-sectional data.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Nov 1, 2021

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