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An optimum indeterminate strut-and-tie model for reinforced concrete corbels

An optimum indeterminate strut-and-tie model for reinforced concrete corbels The failure behavior of a reinforced concrete corbel is complicated due to the shear span-to-effective depth ratio, reinforcement patterns, load conditions, and material properties. In this study, an optimum first-order indeterminate strut-and-tie model that reflects all characteristics of the failure behavior is proposed for the rational design of reinforced concrete corbels with a shear span-to-effective depth ratio of less than 1.0. A load distribution ratio that transforms the indeterminate strut-and-tie model into a determinate model is also developed to help structural designers design reinforced concrete corbels using the strut-and-tie model methods of current design codes. For the development of the load distribution ratio, a material nonlinear finite element analysis of the proposed first-order indeterminate strut-and-tie model was conducted repeatedly by changing the combination of primary design variables of the corbels. To examine the validity of our results, the ultimate strengths of 294 reinforced concrete corbels tested to failure by other investigators were predicted using the proposed strut-and-tie model with the load distribution ratio, the existing determinate strut-and-tie models representing arch and truss load transfer mechanisms, and the American Concrete Institute 318 conventional design method based on a shear friction theory. The ultimate strengths predicted by the proposed strut-and-tie model agreed fairly well with the experimental results. The ratio of the experimental strength to the predicted strength (and coefficient of variation) was 1.09 (28.0%), implying that the proposed strut-and-tie model can represent the load transfer mechanisms of corbels most appropriately. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Advances in Structural Engineering SAGE

An optimum indeterminate strut-and-tie model for reinforced concrete corbels

Advances in Structural Engineering , Volume 22 (12): 15 – Sep 1, 2019

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2019
ISSN
1369-4332
eISSN
2048-4011
DOI
10.1177/1369433219845689
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The failure behavior of a reinforced concrete corbel is complicated due to the shear span-to-effective depth ratio, reinforcement patterns, load conditions, and material properties. In this study, an optimum first-order indeterminate strut-and-tie model that reflects all characteristics of the failure behavior is proposed for the rational design of reinforced concrete corbels with a shear span-to-effective depth ratio of less than 1.0. A load distribution ratio that transforms the indeterminate strut-and-tie model into a determinate model is also developed to help structural designers design reinforced concrete corbels using the strut-and-tie model methods of current design codes. For the development of the load distribution ratio, a material nonlinear finite element analysis of the proposed first-order indeterminate strut-and-tie model was conducted repeatedly by changing the combination of primary design variables of the corbels. To examine the validity of our results, the ultimate strengths of 294 reinforced concrete corbels tested to failure by other investigators were predicted using the proposed strut-and-tie model with the load distribution ratio, the existing determinate strut-and-tie models representing arch and truss load transfer mechanisms, and the American Concrete Institute 318 conventional design method based on a shear friction theory. The ultimate strengths predicted by the proposed strut-and-tie model agreed fairly well with the experimental results. The ratio of the experimental strength to the predicted strength (and coefficient of variation) was 1.09 (28.0%), implying that the proposed strut-and-tie model can represent the load transfer mechanisms of corbels most appropriately.

Journal

Advances in Structural EngineeringSAGE

Published: Sep 1, 2019

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