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Computer-simulated lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies.

Computer-simulated lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies. Computer simulations of lung nodules overcome many shortcomings of creating radiographs using anthropomorphic nodule phantoms for lung nodule detection studies, but these algorithms can be cumbersome and involved. A simple, fast, and flexible computer program to simulate lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies is reported. To verify the realism of the simulated nodules, a psychophysical study and a statistical study were conducted. In the psychophysical study, six radiologists and four nonradiologists were asked to distinguish between 17 real lung nodules and 17 computer-simulated lung nodules shown in eight radiographs. The results show that the computer-simulated lung nodules are indistinguishable visually from real lung nodules. Using parameters from the Rose model of vision, results show that the simulated and real nodules are the same statistically. Thus, besides visual validity, statistical analysis in confirming the validity of the simulated lung nodules is included. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Investigative radiology Pubmed

Computer-simulated lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies.

Investigative radiology , Volume 25 (8): -894 – Oct 9, 1990

Computer-simulated lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies.


Abstract

Computer simulations of lung nodules overcome many shortcomings of creating radiographs using anthropomorphic nodule phantoms for lung nodule detection studies, but these algorithms can be cumbersome and involved. A simple, fast, and flexible computer program to simulate lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies is reported. To verify the realism of the simulated nodules, a psychophysical study and a statistical study were conducted. In the psychophysical study, six radiologists and four nonradiologists were asked to distinguish between 17 real lung nodules and 17 computer-simulated lung nodules shown in eight radiographs. The results show that the computer-simulated lung nodules are indistinguishable visually from real lung nodules. Using parameters from the Rose model of vision, results show that the simulated and real nodules are the same statistically. Thus, besides visual validity, statistical analysis in confirming the validity of the simulated lung nodules is included.

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ISSN
0020-9996
DOI
10.1097/00004424-199008000-00006
pmid
2394573

Abstract

Computer simulations of lung nodules overcome many shortcomings of creating radiographs using anthropomorphic nodule phantoms for lung nodule detection studies, but these algorithms can be cumbersome and involved. A simple, fast, and flexible computer program to simulate lung nodules in digital chest radiographs for detection studies is reported. To verify the realism of the simulated nodules, a psychophysical study and a statistical study were conducted. In the psychophysical study, six radiologists and four nonradiologists were asked to distinguish between 17 real lung nodules and 17 computer-simulated lung nodules shown in eight radiographs. The results show that the computer-simulated lung nodules are indistinguishable visually from real lung nodules. Using parameters from the Rose model of vision, results show that the simulated and real nodules are the same statistically. Thus, besides visual validity, statistical analysis in confirming the validity of the simulated lung nodules is included.

Journal

Investigative radiologyPubmed

Published: Oct 9, 1990

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