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Co-oxidation of beta-carotene catalyzed by soybean and recombinant pea lipoxygenases.

Co-oxidation of beta-carotene catalyzed by soybean and recombinant pea lipoxygenases. A number of products including apocarotenal, epoxycarotenal, apocarotenone, and epoxycarotenone generated by lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed co-oxidation of beta-carotene have been tentatively identified through the use of GC/MS and HPLC combined with photodiode array detection. Because of the large number of high molecular weight products detected and their probable chemical structures, a co-oxidation mechanism is proposed that involves random attack along the alkene chain of the carotenoid by a LOX-generated linoleoylperoxyl radical. It is suggested that a direct release from the enzyme of the radical, which initiates the co-oxidation of beta-carotene, is greater for pea LOX-3 than for pea LOX-2 or soybean LOX-1. It is proposed that further products may be formed by free radical propagated reactions and that the formation of 1,10- and 1,14-dicarbonyl compounds may arise by secondary oxidation of the primary products. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry Pubmed

Co-oxidation of beta-carotene catalyzed by soybean and recombinant pea lipoxygenases.

Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry , Volume 47 (12): 8 – Apr 11, 2000

Co-oxidation of beta-carotene catalyzed by soybean and recombinant pea lipoxygenases.


Abstract

A number of products including apocarotenal, epoxycarotenal, apocarotenone, and epoxycarotenone generated by lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed co-oxidation of beta-carotene have been tentatively identified through the use of GC/MS and HPLC combined with photodiode array detection. Because of the large number of high molecular weight products detected and their probable chemical structures, a co-oxidation mechanism is proposed that involves random attack along the alkene chain of the carotenoid by a LOX-generated linoleoylperoxyl radical. It is suggested that a direct release from the enzyme of the radical, which initiates the co-oxidation of beta-carotene, is greater for pea LOX-3 than for pea LOX-2 or soybean LOX-1. It is proposed that further products may be formed by free radical propagated reactions and that the formation of 1,10- and 1,14-dicarbonyl compounds may arise by secondary oxidation of the primary products.

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ISSN
0021-8561
DOI
10.1021/jf9901690
pmid
10606550
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A number of products including apocarotenal, epoxycarotenal, apocarotenone, and epoxycarotenone generated by lipoxygenase (LOX) catalyzed co-oxidation of beta-carotene have been tentatively identified through the use of GC/MS and HPLC combined with photodiode array detection. Because of the large number of high molecular weight products detected and their probable chemical structures, a co-oxidation mechanism is proposed that involves random attack along the alkene chain of the carotenoid by a LOX-generated linoleoylperoxyl radical. It is suggested that a direct release from the enzyme of the radical, which initiates the co-oxidation of beta-carotene, is greater for pea LOX-3 than for pea LOX-2 or soybean LOX-1. It is proposed that further products may be formed by free radical propagated reactions and that the formation of 1,10- and 1,14-dicarbonyl compounds may arise by secondary oxidation of the primary products.

Journal

Journal of Agricultural and Food ChemistryPubmed

Published: Apr 11, 2000

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