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MicroRNA-146a overexpression alleviates intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute lung injury in mice

MicroRNA-146a overexpression alleviates intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute lung injury... Previous studies have shown that microRNAs (miRs), such as miR-146a play an important role in the pathogenesis of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced injury; however, the role of miR-146a in intestinal I/R-induced acute lung injury has not been elucidated. An intestinal I/R-induced injury mouse model was established in the present study by clamping the superior mesenteric artery and expression levels of miR-146a in intestinal and lung tissue samples were evaluated using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Intestinal and lung histopathological characteristics in mice with intestinal I/R-induced injury were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, and mRNA and protein expression levels in intestinal and lung tissue samples were evaluated using RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. miR-146a expression was significantly downregulated in the intestinal and lung tissue samples of mice with intestinal I/R-induced injury. Intestinal I/R injury-induced histopathological changes in the lung and intestines, and pulmonary edema in mice transduced with an adenoviral miR-146a-overexpression vector (the miR-146a overexpression group) were alleviated. mRNA expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ and TGF-β1, and protein expression levels of TNF receptor-associated factor 6, phosphorylated-p65 NF-κB, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 in lung and intestinal tissue samples were downregulated in I/R-miR-146a-overexpressing mice, compared with those from the I/R-negative control group. Thus, the present study identified that pre-treatment with the miR-146a overexpression vector alleviated intestinal I/R-induced acute lung injury in mice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine Pubmed Central

MicroRNA-146a overexpression alleviates intestinal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute lung injury in mice

Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine , Volume 22 (3) – Jul 1, 2021
9 pages

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Publisher
Pubmed Central
Copyright
Copyright: © Li et al.
ISSN
1792-0981
eISSN
1792-1015
DOI
10.3892/etm.2021.10369
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that microRNAs (miRs), such as miR-146a play an important role in the pathogenesis of intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R)-induced injury; however, the role of miR-146a in intestinal I/R-induced acute lung injury has not been elucidated. An intestinal I/R-induced injury mouse model was established in the present study by clamping the superior mesenteric artery and expression levels of miR-146a in intestinal and lung tissue samples were evaluated using reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). Intestinal and lung histopathological characteristics in mice with intestinal I/R-induced injury were assessed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, and mRNA and protein expression levels in intestinal and lung tissue samples were evaluated using RT-qPCR and western blotting, respectively. miR-146a expression was significantly downregulated in the intestinal and lung tissue samples of mice with intestinal I/R-induced injury. Intestinal I/R injury-induced histopathological changes in the lung and intestines, and pulmonary edema in mice transduced with an adenoviral miR-146a-overexpression vector (the miR-146a overexpression group) were alleviated. mRNA expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IFN-γ and TGF-β1, and protein expression levels of TNF receptor-associated factor 6, phosphorylated-p65 NF-κB, cleaved caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-9 in lung and intestinal tissue samples were downregulated in I/R-miR-146a-overexpressing mice, compared with those from the I/R-negative control group. Thus, the present study identified that pre-treatment with the miR-146a overexpression vector alleviated intestinal I/R-induced acute lung injury in mice.

Journal

Experimental and Therapeutic MedicinePubmed Central

Published: Jul 1, 2021

References