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Effect of Social Distancing on COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality in Iran Since February 20 to May 13, 2020: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis

Effect of Social Distancing on COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality in Iran Since February 20 to May... Background and ObjectiveNumerous actions have been taken to control the COVID-19 pandemic and reduce their morbidity and mortality. One of the most important measures in this regard is social distancing. However, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of social distancing on COVID-19 incidence and mortality. Thus, the current study aimed to assess the effectiveness of social distancing measures on the COVID-19 incidence and mortality in Iran.Materials and MethodsIn the current quasi-experimental study, we evaluated the daily incidence cases and the number of deaths of COVID-19 in Iran before and after the implementation of social distancing measures. The segmented regression model was used to analyze the data. We also performed the interrupted time series (ITS) analysis using Newey ordinary least squares (OLS) regression-based methods.ResultsAfter the implementation of social distancing, the trend of both daily new cases and deaths due to COVID-19 was decreasing [(ß = −1.70 (95% CI = [−2.30 – −1.10; P < 0.001])) and (ß = −0.07 (95% CI = [−0.10 − −0.05; P < 0.001], respectively))].ConclusionSocial distancing along with other public health interventions could reduce the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 to some degrees, and it seems to be crucial to control the pandemic. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Risk Management and Healthcare Policy Pubmed Central

Effect of Social Distancing on COVID-19 Incidence and Mortality in Iran Since February 20 to May 13, 2020: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis

Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , Volume 13 – Sep 23, 2020
6 pages

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Publisher
Pubmed Central
Copyright
© 2020 Alimohamadi et al.
ISSN
1179-1594
eISSN
1179-1594
DOI
10.2147/RMHP.S265079
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background and ObjectiveNumerous actions have been taken to control the COVID-19 pandemic and reduce their morbidity and mortality. One of the most important measures in this regard is social distancing. However, there is limited evidence on the effectiveness of social distancing on COVID-19 incidence and mortality. Thus, the current study aimed to assess the effectiveness of social distancing measures on the COVID-19 incidence and mortality in Iran.Materials and MethodsIn the current quasi-experimental study, we evaluated the daily incidence cases and the number of deaths of COVID-19 in Iran before and after the implementation of social distancing measures. The segmented regression model was used to analyze the data. We also performed the interrupted time series (ITS) analysis using Newey ordinary least squares (OLS) regression-based methods.ResultsAfter the implementation of social distancing, the trend of both daily new cases and deaths due to COVID-19 was decreasing [(ß = −1.70 (95% CI = [−2.30 – −1.10; P < 0.001])) and (ß = −0.07 (95% CI = [−0.10 − −0.05; P < 0.001], respectively))].ConclusionSocial distancing along with other public health interventions could reduce the morbidity and mortality of COVID-19 to some degrees, and it seems to be crucial to control the pandemic.

Journal

Risk Management and Healthcare PolicyPubmed Central

Published: Sep 23, 2020

References