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Editorial

Editorial Welcome to the fourth edition of Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research (JACPR), the first edition for 2010. This edition brings together research conducted with several different populations (eg. children and adults) using diverse research designs (eg. longitudinal and cross-cultural). The first article is by David P Farrington and Anna Costanza Baldry, and explores individual risk factors for school bullying. The article concentrates particularly on dynamic factors that can be changed by targeted interventions. This research benefits from a longitudinal design using the Cambridge study data, which allows factors that precede, and those that result from, bullying to be differentiated. Individual risk/protective factors are identified and appropriate interventions suggested. The second article is by Marina L Butovskaya, Valentina Burkova and Audax Mabulla, who used a cross-cultural design to explore aggression and conflict resolution strategies used by children and young adults from tribal communities in North Tanzania. The study measured verbal, physical and indirect aggression, as well as constructive conflict resolution techniques such as third-party interventions and protecting other children, using a sample of boys and girls. They found interesting effects of gender and tribal culture, which suggests that more research on such populations is warranted. The third article in this edition, by Louise Dixon, Kevin Browne, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis and Eugene Ostapuik, seeks to differentiate patterns of aggression in families. The population sampled was families identified as having suspected child maltreatment present. The findings suggest that there is a need to move away from a paternal family aggression model, whereby the father alone uses violence towards both the mother and child/ren, as this was the least prevalent form of family aggression. The findings suggest violence towards each other and their children, as reciprocal family violence constituted almost half of the sample. The authors call for a holistic, family-focused approach to be adopted to fully understand the family system within which abuse and neglect can occur. The fourth paper, by Andrew McPherson and Colin R Martin, reviews the widely used Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) for use in an alcohol dependent population. They 10.5042/jacpr.2010.0000 explore several research questions and find that the relationship between alcohol and aggression, although robust, is influenced by individual differences in sensitivity and expectancy beliefs, and also situational variables. They conclude that the AQ is a psychometrically sound assessment tool that can be utilised by researchers and professionals alike. The identification of evidencebased and theoretically derived measures such as the AQ is particularly useful for professionals working with clinical populations as they rarely have the time, expertise or access to the relevant information to make such judgements. The fifth article is by Samuel Justin Sinclair and Alice LoCicero, and investigates the relationship between fear of terrorism and theoretical perspectives of attachment and evolutionary psychology. They find that fear of terrorism and the impact of governmental terror alerts both contribute to heightened trust in government. Such effects highlight the potential danger of raising terrorism fears for political manipulation. The use of psychological theory to understand such effects is interesting and could certainly be extended in future research. The final article is a practice report by Nanette Minnaar, which explores the role of modelling in the continuation of the cycle of violence. She introduces the Khulisa Crime Prevention Initiative, which is a non-profit South African organisation that seeks to address violence amongst children, adolescents and adults through a violence intervention programme, Silence the Violence. This is a programme that has been used with both victims and perpetrators and is presently being piloted and evaluated in the UK. Collectively, this fifth edition is a thought provoking collection of articles that will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike. The breadth of topics, populations sampled and research designs amply satisfy the Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research’s mission to bring together diverse topics to enhance our understanding of aggression and its resolution. Nicola Graham-Kevan Jane L Ireland Michelle Davies Douglas P Fry Editors, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research Pier Professional

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Publisher
Pier Professional
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pier Professional Limited
ISSN
1759-6599
eISSN
2042-8715
DOI
10.5042/jacpr.2010.0000
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Welcome to the fourth edition of Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research (JACPR), the first edition for 2010. This edition brings together research conducted with several different populations (eg. children and adults) using diverse research designs (eg. longitudinal and cross-cultural). The first article is by David P Farrington and Anna Costanza Baldry, and explores individual risk factors for school bullying. The article concentrates particularly on dynamic factors that can be changed by targeted interventions. This research benefits from a longitudinal design using the Cambridge study data, which allows factors that precede, and those that result from, bullying to be differentiated. Individual risk/protective factors are identified and appropriate interventions suggested. The second article is by Marina L Butovskaya, Valentina Burkova and Audax Mabulla, who used a cross-cultural design to explore aggression and conflict resolution strategies used by children and young adults from tribal communities in North Tanzania. The study measured verbal, physical and indirect aggression, as well as constructive conflict resolution techniques such as third-party interventions and protecting other children, using a sample of boys and girls. They found interesting effects of gender and tribal culture, which suggests that more research on such populations is warranted. The third article in this edition, by Louise Dixon, Kevin Browne, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis and Eugene Ostapuik, seeks to differentiate patterns of aggression in families. The population sampled was families identified as having suspected child maltreatment present. The findings suggest that there is a need to move away from a paternal family aggression model, whereby the father alone uses violence towards both the mother and child/ren, as this was the least prevalent form of family aggression. The findings suggest violence towards each other and their children, as reciprocal family violence constituted almost half of the sample. The authors call for a holistic, family-focused approach to be adopted to fully understand the family system within which abuse and neglect can occur. The fourth paper, by Andrew McPherson and Colin R Martin, reviews the widely used Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ) for use in an alcohol dependent population. They 10.5042/jacpr.2010.0000 explore several research questions and find that the relationship between alcohol and aggression, although robust, is influenced by individual differences in sensitivity and expectancy beliefs, and also situational variables. They conclude that the AQ is a psychometrically sound assessment tool that can be utilised by researchers and professionals alike. The identification of evidencebased and theoretically derived measures such as the AQ is particularly useful for professionals working with clinical populations as they rarely have the time, expertise or access to the relevant information to make such judgements. The fifth article is by Samuel Justin Sinclair and Alice LoCicero, and investigates the relationship between fear of terrorism and theoretical perspectives of attachment and evolutionary psychology. They find that fear of terrorism and the impact of governmental terror alerts both contribute to heightened trust in government. Such effects highlight the potential danger of raising terrorism fears for political manipulation. The use of psychological theory to understand such effects is interesting and could certainly be extended in future research. The final article is a practice report by Nanette Minnaar, which explores the role of modelling in the continuation of the cycle of violence. She introduces the Khulisa Crime Prevention Initiative, which is a non-profit South African organisation that seeks to address violence amongst children, adolescents and adults through a violence intervention programme, Silence the Violence. This is a programme that has been used with both victims and perpetrators and is presently being piloted and evaluated in the UK. Collectively, this fifth edition is a thought provoking collection of articles that will be of interest to researchers and practitioners alike. The breadth of topics, populations sampled and research designs amply satisfy the Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research’s mission to bring together diverse topics to enhance our understanding of aggression and its resolution. Nicola Graham-Kevan Jane L Ireland Michelle Davies Douglas P Fry Editors, Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace Research

Journal

Journal of Aggression, Conflict and Peace ResearchPier Professional

Published: Jan 1, 2010

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