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Phylogenetic Analysis of the Nest Architecture of Neotropical Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Phylogenetic Analysis of the Nest Architecture of Neotropical Ovenbirds (Furnariidae) Abstract We reviewed the tremendous architectural diversity of ovenbird (Furnari-idae) nests based on literature, museum collections, and new field observations. With few exceptions, furnariids exhibited low intraspecific variation for the nest characters hypothesized, with the majority of variation being hierarchically distributed among taxa. We hypothesized nest homologies for 168 species in 41 genera (ca. 70% of all species and genera) and coded them as 24 derived characters. Forty-eight most-parsimonious trees (41 steps, CI = 0.98, RC = 0.97) resulted from a parsimony analysis of the equally weighted characters using PAUP, with the Dendrocolaptidae and Formicarioidea as successive outgroups. The strict-consensus topology based on these trees contained 15 clades representing both traditional taxa and novel phylogenetic groupings. Comparisons with the outgroups demonstrate that cavity nesting is plesiomorphic to the furnariids. In the two lineages where the primitive cavity nest has been lost, novel nest structures have evolved to enclose the nest contents: the clay oven of Furnarius and the domed vegetative nest of the synallaxine clade. Although our phylogenetic hypothesis should be considered as a heuristic prediction to be tested subsequently by additional character evidence, this first cladistic analysis of the furnariids demonstrates the general utility of nest characters in reconstruction of avian relationships, and it provides a test of monophyly for several furnariid taxa. This content is only available as a PDF. Copyright © 1999 by American Ornithological Society Inc. All rights reserved. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Auk: Ornithological Advances Oxford University Press

Phylogenetic Analysis of the Nest Architecture of Neotropical Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

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References (54)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by American Ornithological Society Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN
0004-8038
eISSN
1938-4254
DOI
10.2307/4089670
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract We reviewed the tremendous architectural diversity of ovenbird (Furnari-idae) nests based on literature, museum collections, and new field observations. With few exceptions, furnariids exhibited low intraspecific variation for the nest characters hypothesized, with the majority of variation being hierarchically distributed among taxa. We hypothesized nest homologies for 168 species in 41 genera (ca. 70% of all species and genera) and coded them as 24 derived characters. Forty-eight most-parsimonious trees (41 steps, CI = 0.98, RC = 0.97) resulted from a parsimony analysis of the equally weighted characters using PAUP, with the Dendrocolaptidae and Formicarioidea as successive outgroups. The strict-consensus topology based on these trees contained 15 clades representing both traditional taxa and novel phylogenetic groupings. Comparisons with the outgroups demonstrate that cavity nesting is plesiomorphic to the furnariids. In the two lineages where the primitive cavity nest has been lost, novel nest structures have evolved to enclose the nest contents: the clay oven of Furnarius and the domed vegetative nest of the synallaxine clade. Although our phylogenetic hypothesis should be considered as a heuristic prediction to be tested subsequently by additional character evidence, this first cladistic analysis of the furnariids demonstrates the general utility of nest characters in reconstruction of avian relationships, and it provides a test of monophyly for several furnariid taxa. This content is only available as a PDF. Copyright © 1999 by American Ornithological Society Inc. All rights reserved.

Journal

Auk: Ornithological AdvancesOxford University Press

Published: Oct 1, 1999

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