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APHID, FLEA BEETLE AND HORNWORM CONTROL ON FLUE-CURED TOBACCO WITH TM-44401, 2003

APHID, FLEA BEETLE AND HORNWORM CONTROL ON FLUE-CURED TOBACCO WITH TM-44401, 2003 (F88) TOBACCO: Nicotiana tabacum L.; Flue-cured 'NC 297' APHID, FLEA BEETLE AND HORNWORM CONTROL ON FLUE-CURED TOBACCO WITH TM-44401, 2003 Paul J. Semtner Virginia Tech Southern Piedmont Agricultural Research and Extension Center 2375 Darvills Road Blackstone, VA 23824 USA Phone: (434) 292-5331 Fax: (434) 292-5623 E-mail: psemtner@vt.edu T. David Reed Green peach aphid (GPA): Myzus persicae (Sulzer) Tobacco flea beetle (TFB): Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer) Tobacco hornworm (THW): Manduca sexta (L.) This experiment was conducted at the Virginia Tech Southern Piedmont Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Blackstone, VA to evaluate various foliar insecticides for GPA and TFB control on flue- cured tobacco. Tobacco 'NC 297' was transplanted into experimental plots on 25 Jun. Plots, 4 × 40 ft (1 row × 22 plants), were separated by single untreated guard rows. Fertilization, cultural practices and weed and disease control conformed to recommendations of the Virginia Cooperative Extension. Five treatments and an untreated check were established in a RCB design with four replications. Normal production practices were followed for weed and disease control, and fertilization. However, this test was transplanted about a month later than normal due to excessive soil moisture. Treatments were applied as foliar sprays using a CO -pressurized backpack sprayer that delivered 22 gpa at 50 psi through three TX-10 nozzles/row on 12 Aug. Temperatures during application ranged from 82 to 84 F, the wind speed was 3 mph, and the skies were clear. The first rain after application was 0.31 inches on 18 Aug, 6 DAT. GPA on four upper leaves and adult TFB were counted on 10 plants/plot and THW on 20 plants/plot were counted 1 d before treatment and at 3, 7 and 14 DAT. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and significantly different means were separated by WD (k ratio = 100) (P ≤ 0.05). Before analysis, GPA and TFB counts were transformed to Log (X+1) and THW were transformed to the square root (x + 0.5). Actual means are presented in the tables. On 15 Aug, 3 DAT, all treatments gave significant control of the TFB (Table 1). The highest rate of TM- 44401 gave about 90% control while the remaining TM-44403 treatments and Provado gave 75 to 80 % control. No control was observed at 7 and 14 DAT. All treatments gave excellent control of GPA on 15, 19 and 26 Aug, 3, 7 and 14 DAT (Table 2). At 3 and 7 DAT, the two highest rates of TM-44401 gave THW control similar to Orthene (Table 3). The lowest rate of TM-44401 was somewhat less effective than Orthene and the two highest rates of TM-44401. TM-44401 had shorter residual control of THW than Orthene. Provado did not control hornworms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arthropod Management Tests Oxford University Press

APHID, FLEA BEETLE AND HORNWORM CONTROL ON FLUE-CURED TOBACCO WITH TM-44401, 2003

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Oxford University Press
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© Published by Oxford University Press.
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2155-9856
DOI
10.1093/amt/29.1.F88
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Abstract

(F88) TOBACCO: Nicotiana tabacum L.; Flue-cured 'NC 297' APHID, FLEA BEETLE AND HORNWORM CONTROL ON FLUE-CURED TOBACCO WITH TM-44401, 2003 Paul J. Semtner Virginia Tech Southern Piedmont Agricultural Research and Extension Center 2375 Darvills Road Blackstone, VA 23824 USA Phone: (434) 292-5331 Fax: (434) 292-5623 E-mail: psemtner@vt.edu T. David Reed Green peach aphid (GPA): Myzus persicae (Sulzer) Tobacco flea beetle (TFB): Epitrix hirtipennis (Melsheimer) Tobacco hornworm (THW): Manduca sexta (L.) This experiment was conducted at the Virginia Tech Southern Piedmont Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Blackstone, VA to evaluate various foliar insecticides for GPA and TFB control on flue- cured tobacco. Tobacco 'NC 297' was transplanted into experimental plots on 25 Jun. Plots, 4 × 40 ft (1 row × 22 plants), were separated by single untreated guard rows. Fertilization, cultural practices and weed and disease control conformed to recommendations of the Virginia Cooperative Extension. Five treatments and an untreated check were established in a RCB design with four replications. Normal production practices were followed for weed and disease control, and fertilization. However, this test was transplanted about a month later than normal due to excessive soil moisture. Treatments were applied as foliar sprays using a CO -pressurized backpack sprayer that delivered 22 gpa at 50 psi through three TX-10 nozzles/row on 12 Aug. Temperatures during application ranged from 82 to 84 F, the wind speed was 3 mph, and the skies were clear. The first rain after application was 0.31 inches on 18 Aug, 6 DAT. GPA on four upper leaves and adult TFB were counted on 10 plants/plot and THW on 20 plants/plot were counted 1 d before treatment and at 3, 7 and 14 DAT. Data were analyzed by ANOVA and significantly different means were separated by WD (k ratio = 100) (P ≤ 0.05). Before analysis, GPA and TFB counts were transformed to Log (X+1) and THW were transformed to the square root (x + 0.5). Actual means are presented in the tables. On 15 Aug, 3 DAT, all treatments gave significant control of the TFB (Table 1). The highest rate of TM- 44401 gave about 90% control while the remaining TM-44403 treatments and Provado gave 75 to 80 % control. No control was observed at 7 and 14 DAT. All treatments gave excellent control of GPA on 15, 19 and 26 Aug, 3, 7 and 14 DAT (Table 2). At 3 and 7 DAT, the two highest rates of TM-44401 gave THW control similar to Orthene (Table 3). The lowest rate of TM-44401 was somewhat less effective than Orthene and the two highest rates of TM-44401. TM-44401 had shorter residual control of THW than Orthene. Provado did not control hornworms.

Journal

Arthropod Management TestsOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2004

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