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A Review of Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia

A Review of Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia Abstract Empirically supported treatments for schizophrenia now include a variety of psychosocial interventions, such as social skills training, vocational rehabilitation, and psychotherapy. As awareness of the functional importance of neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia has increased, interest in treatments to improve cognition has grown. We review the literature on cognitive training (CT), which has been studied in 17 published randomized, controlled trials to date. The differential effectiveness of noncomputerized and computer-assisted interventions, with and without strategy coaching, and an environmental adaptation intervention, is examined. We conclude that the different types of approaches, whether computer assisted or not, all have effective components that hold promise for improving cognitive performance, symptoms, and everyday functioning. Our recommendations for further research, including the use of functional outcome measures and long-term followup, highlight the importance of improving ecological validity in this area of treatment research. Psychosis, schizophrenia, psychosocial treatment, neuropsychology, rehabilitation This content is only available as a PDF. © Oxford University Press http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Schizophrenia Bulletin Oxford University Press

A Review of Cognitive Training in Schizophrenia

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References (102)

Publisher
Oxford University Press
Copyright
© Oxford University Press
ISSN
0586-7614
eISSN
1745-1701
DOI
10.1093/oxfordjournals.schbul.a007011
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract Empirically supported treatments for schizophrenia now include a variety of psychosocial interventions, such as social skills training, vocational rehabilitation, and psychotherapy. As awareness of the functional importance of neurocognitive impairments in schizophrenia has increased, interest in treatments to improve cognition has grown. We review the literature on cognitive training (CT), which has been studied in 17 published randomized, controlled trials to date. The differential effectiveness of noncomputerized and computer-assisted interventions, with and without strategy coaching, and an environmental adaptation intervention, is examined. We conclude that the different types of approaches, whether computer assisted or not, all have effective components that hold promise for improving cognitive performance, symptoms, and everyday functioning. Our recommendations for further research, including the use of functional outcome measures and long-term followup, highlight the importance of improving ecological validity in this area of treatment research. Psychosis, schizophrenia, psychosocial treatment, neuropsychology, rehabilitation This content is only available as a PDF. © Oxford University Press

Journal

Schizophrenia BulletinOxford University Press

Published: Jan 1, 2003

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