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The Effectiveness of a Systematic Algorithm for the Management of Vascular Injuries during the Laparoscopic Surgery

The Effectiveness of a Systematic Algorithm for the Management of Vascular Injuries during the... Objectives: Currently, there is no standardized training protocol to teach surgeons how to deal with vascular injuries during laparoscopic procedures. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized algorithm for managing vascular injury during laparoscopic nephrectomies. Materials and Methods: The performance of 6 surgeons was assessed during 10 laparoscopic nephrectomies in a porcine model. During the first and tenth operations, an injury was made in the renal vein without warning the surgeon. After the first procedure, the surgeons were instructed on how to proceed in dealing with the vascular injury, according to an algorithm developed by the designers of this study. The performance of each surgeon before and after learning the algorithm was assessed. Results: After learning the algorithm there was a decreased blood loss from 327 ± 403.11 ml to 37 ± 18.92 ml (p = 0.031) and decreased operative time from 43 ± 14.53 min to 27 ± 8.27 min (p = 0.015). There was also improvement in the time to start lesion repair from 147 ± 117.65 sec to 51 ± 39.09 sec (p = 0.025). There was a trend toward improvement in the reaction time to the injury (22 ± 21.55 sec vs. 14 ± 6.39, p = 0.188), the time required to control the bleeding (50 ± 94.2 sec vs. 14 ± 6.95 sec, p = 0.141), and the total time required to completely repair of the vascular injury (178 ± 170.4 sec vs. 119 ± 183.87 sec, p = 0.302). Conclusion: A standardized algorithm may help to reduce the potential risks associated with laparoscopic surgery. Further studies will help to refine and determine the benefits of standardized protocols such as that developed in this study for the management of life-threatening laparoscopic complications. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Urology Karger

The Effectiveness of a Systematic Algorithm for the Management of Vascular Injuries during the Laparoscopic Surgery

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Publisher
Karger
Copyright
© 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN
1661-7649
eISSN
1661-7657
DOI
10.1159/000442868
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives: Currently, there is no standardized training protocol to teach surgeons how to deal with vascular injuries during laparoscopic procedures. The purpose of this study is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a standardized algorithm for managing vascular injury during laparoscopic nephrectomies. Materials and Methods: The performance of 6 surgeons was assessed during 10 laparoscopic nephrectomies in a porcine model. During the first and tenth operations, an injury was made in the renal vein without warning the surgeon. After the first procedure, the surgeons were instructed on how to proceed in dealing with the vascular injury, according to an algorithm developed by the designers of this study. The performance of each surgeon before and after learning the algorithm was assessed. Results: After learning the algorithm there was a decreased blood loss from 327 ± 403.11 ml to 37 ± 18.92 ml (p = 0.031) and decreased operative time from 43 ± 14.53 min to 27 ± 8.27 min (p = 0.015). There was also improvement in the time to start lesion repair from 147 ± 117.65 sec to 51 ± 39.09 sec (p = 0.025). There was a trend toward improvement in the reaction time to the injury (22 ± 21.55 sec vs. 14 ± 6.39, p = 0.188), the time required to control the bleeding (50 ± 94.2 sec vs. 14 ± 6.95 sec, p = 0.141), and the total time required to completely repair of the vascular injury (178 ± 170.4 sec vs. 119 ± 183.87 sec, p = 0.302). Conclusion: A standardized algorithm may help to reduce the potential risks associated with laparoscopic surgery. Further studies will help to refine and determine the benefits of standardized protocols such as that developed in this study for the management of life-threatening laparoscopic complications.

Journal

Current UrologyKarger

Published: Jan 1, 2016

Keywords: Laparoscopy; Complication; Blood loss; Training

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