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Long-Term Management of Incidental Bladder Cancer Detected in Patients Undergoing Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer

Long-Term Management of Incidental Bladder Cancer Detected in Patients Undergoing Prostatectomy... Introduction: At our institution, screening for incidental bladder cancer is routinely performed to avoid tumor cell dissemination caused by surgery in patients undergoing prostatectomy for prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we report the long-term clinical results in patients with incidental bladder cancer detected by routine screening prior to prostatectomy. Materials and Methods: Between January 2003 and December 2013, 430 patients undergoing prostatectomy for resection of PCa were enrolled in this cohort study. All patients underwent screening with cystoscopy, urinary sediment analysis, and urinary cytology to detect incidental bladder cancer. The clinical outcomes of cases with incidental bladder cancer were evaluated. Results: The incidence of incidental bladder cancer was 2.1% (9/430). All tumors were single papillary tumors located around the urinary orifice or lateral side and were diagnosed as urothelial cancer (UC). No significant findings were detected by urinary sediment analysis or urinary cytology. Pathological results of transurethral resections revealed 5 cases of pTa with Grade 1 UC and 4 cases of pTa with Grade 2 UC. Androgen-deprivation therapy was administered to 8/9 patients. During the observation period (average of 7.2 years), UC recurrence was detected in 2 cases (2 and 7.3 years). However, transurethral resection successfully removed the tumor completely. After an average of 19.6 months (12-25 months) without UC recurrence, 7 patients (77.8%) underwent prostatectomy, and 2 patients received radiation or androgen-deprivation therapy. Prostatectomy was carried out without dissemination of UC during the observation period. Conclusion: Incidental UC was detected in 2.1% of prostatectomy candidates. Preoperative routine screening with flexible cystoscopy was useful to detect early incidental UC. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Urology Karger

Long-Term Management of Incidental Bladder Cancer Detected in Patients Undergoing Prostatectomy for Prostate Cancer

Current Urology , Volume 13 (3): 5 – Jan 1, 2019

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Publisher
Karger
Copyright
© 2019 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger AG, Basel
ISSN
1661-7649
eISSN
1661-7657
DOI
10.1159/000499278
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Introduction: At our institution, screening for incidental bladder cancer is routinely performed to avoid tumor cell dissemination caused by surgery in patients undergoing prostatectomy for prostate cancer (PCa). Here, we report the long-term clinical results in patients with incidental bladder cancer detected by routine screening prior to prostatectomy. Materials and Methods: Between January 2003 and December 2013, 430 patients undergoing prostatectomy for resection of PCa were enrolled in this cohort study. All patients underwent screening with cystoscopy, urinary sediment analysis, and urinary cytology to detect incidental bladder cancer. The clinical outcomes of cases with incidental bladder cancer were evaluated. Results: The incidence of incidental bladder cancer was 2.1% (9/430). All tumors were single papillary tumors located around the urinary orifice or lateral side and were diagnosed as urothelial cancer (UC). No significant findings were detected by urinary sediment analysis or urinary cytology. Pathological results of transurethral resections revealed 5 cases of pTa with Grade 1 UC and 4 cases of pTa with Grade 2 UC. Androgen-deprivation therapy was administered to 8/9 patients. During the observation period (average of 7.2 years), UC recurrence was detected in 2 cases (2 and 7.3 years). However, transurethral resection successfully removed the tumor completely. After an average of 19.6 months (12-25 months) without UC recurrence, 7 patients (77.8%) underwent prostatectomy, and 2 patients received radiation or androgen-deprivation therapy. Prostatectomy was carried out without dissemination of UC during the observation period. Conclusion: Incidental UC was detected in 2.1% of prostatectomy candidates. Preoperative routine screening with flexible cystoscopy was useful to detect early incidental UC.

Journal

Current UrologyKarger

Published: Jan 1, 2019

Keywords: Incidental bladder cancer; Prostate cancer

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