Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Experimental investigation of crack opening asymptotics for fluid-driven fracture

Experimental investigation of crack opening asymptotics for fluid-driven fracture Fracture opening in the tip region of a fluid-driven fracture is governed not only by the square-root tip asymptote, well-known from linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), but also by an intermediate tip asymptote that is specific to fluid-driven fracture. Additional tip asymptotes may arise when the fracture interacts with a nearby free surface. We have explored this complex tip behavior in the laboratory by growing hydraulic fractures in impermeable, transparent, brittle elastic materials, employing a method based on the Beer-Lambert law of optical absorption to measure the fracture opening. The near-tip opening matches the fluid-driven fracture tip asymptote when the effect of viscous dissipation is significant. Conversely, the LEFM tip asymptote matches the experimental behavior when the viscosity effects are negligible. Furthermore, when the fracture radius is several times its depth, a third asymptote is observed that arises from the plate-like behavior of the material between the fracture and the free-surface. The prevalence of each of the three observed asymptotes is shown to correlate with the fracture's location in a two-dimensional parametric space. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Strength, Fracture and Complexity iospress

Experimental investigation of crack opening asymptotics for fluid-driven fracture

Loading next page...
 
/lp/iospress/experimental-investigation-of-crack-opening-asymptotics-for-fluid-b1MUvOFabu
Publisher
IOS Press
Copyright
Copyright © 2005 by IOS Press, Inc
ISSN
1567-2069
eISSN
1875-9262
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Fracture opening in the tip region of a fluid-driven fracture is governed not only by the square-root tip asymptote, well-known from linear elastic fracture mechanics (LEFM), but also by an intermediate tip asymptote that is specific to fluid-driven fracture. Additional tip asymptotes may arise when the fracture interacts with a nearby free surface. We have explored this complex tip behavior in the laboratory by growing hydraulic fractures in impermeable, transparent, brittle elastic materials, employing a method based on the Beer-Lambert law of optical absorption to measure the fracture opening. The near-tip opening matches the fluid-driven fracture tip asymptote when the effect of viscous dissipation is significant. Conversely, the LEFM tip asymptote matches the experimental behavior when the viscosity effects are negligible. Furthermore, when the fracture radius is several times its depth, a third asymptote is observed that arises from the plate-like behavior of the material between the fracture and the free-surface. The prevalence of each of the three observed asymptotes is shown to correlate with the fracture's location in a two-dimensional parametric space.

Journal

Strength, Fracture and Complexityiospress

Published: Jan 1, 2005

There are no references for this article.